In ‐hospital ventricular arrhythmia in heart failure patients: 7 year follow‐up of the multi‐centric HEARTS registry

AbstractAimsThe aim of this study was to determine the incidence, predictors, and short ‐term and long‐term outcomes associated with in‐hospital sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF) collectively termed ventricular arrhythmia (VA) in the heart failure (HF) patients.Methods and resultsThe HEart function Assessment Registry Trial in Saudi Arabia (HEARTS registry) is a prospective national registry of patients with chronic HF from18 tertiary care hospitals across Saudi Arabia. Diagnosis of HF was in accordance with American Heart Association/European Society of Cardiology definition criteria. The registry had enrolled 2610 HF patients during the 14  month recruitment period between October 2009 and December 2010. Occurrence of in‐hospital cardiac events, prognosis, and outcome were monitored during the 7 year follow‐up period. The incidence of in‐hospital VA in HF was 4.2%. VA was more common among men, and mean age was lesser than non ‐VA patients (58.5 ± 16: 61.5 ± 15 years;P = 0.042). Smoking and family history of cardiomyopathy were significant risk factors of VA. Previous history of arrhythmia, ST elevated myocardial infarction, infections, and hypotension remained significant predictors of in‐hospital VA associated with three to seven times more risk. Patients w ith VA had higher rates of in‐hospital events like recurrent HF, haemodialysis, shock, sepsis, major b...
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 6 April 2020Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Mohammad I. Zia, Venkat Ramanan, Idan Roifman, Kim A. Connelly, Graham A. Wright, Nilesh R. Ghugre
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: CARDIAC FAILURE: Edited by Rebecca Cogswell and Gene Kim Source Type: research
Purpose of review To review the shared pathology of atrial fibrillation and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and the prognostic, diagnostic, and treatment challenges incurred by the co-occurrence of these increasingly prevalent diseases. Recent findings Multiple risk factors and mechanisms have been proposed as potentially linking atrial fibrillation and HFpEF, with systemic inflammation more recently being invoked. Nonvitamin K oral anticoagulants, left atrial appendage occlusion devices, and catheter ablation have emerged as alternative treatment options. Other novel pharmacological agents, suc...
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: CARDIAC FAILURE: Edited by Rebecca Cogswell and Gene Kim Source Type: research
Purpose of review Atrial arrhythmias are common among individuals with heart failure with a reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). This review describes management options for these arrhythmias and discusses emerging clinical data supporting catheter ablation. Recent findings Several recent clinical trials indicate that catheter ablation is superior to pharmacologic therapy for management of symptomatic atrial fibrillation in the setting of HFrEF. Restoration and maintenance of sinus rhythm appears to have the greatest benefit with regard to ejection fraction improvement among individuals with a nonischemic heart failure ...
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: CARDIAC FAILURE: Edited by Rebecca Cogswell and Gene Kim Source Type: research
Purpose of review Atrial arrhythmias commonly occur in patients with advanced heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) who require left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) implantation. This review summarizes the current literature regarding the incidence, prevalence, and predictors of atrial arrhythmias in LVAD patients and its impact on the clinical outcomes. Moreover, we review the mechanisms and management strategies of atrial arrhythmias in this population. Recent findings Atrial arrhythmias including atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, and atrial tachycardia are highly prevalent in patients with adva...
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: CARDIAC FAILURE: Edited by Rebecca Cogswell and Gene Kim Source Type: research
Purpose of review To provide a framework for approaching ventricular arrhythmias in the setting of cardiomyopathy, outline the latest evidence-based recommendations for catheter ablation and device therapy, and discuss novel treatment strategies. Recent findings Risk stratification of ventricular arrhythmias in systolic heart failure has evolved, with an increasing role for cardiac magnetic resonance imaging to identify underlying substrate and scar burden. Medical therapy for heart failure has greatly improved, and the role of primary prevention defibrillators in nonischemic cardiomyopathy has become more ambiguous. ...
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: CARDIAC FAILURE: Edited by Rebecca Cogswell and Gene Kim Source Type: research
Purpose of review Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have extended the life expectancy of patients with heart failure. The hemodynamic support afforded by LVADs in this population has also resulted in patients having prolonged ventricular arrhythmias. The purpose of this article is to review the mechanisms of ventricular arrhythmias in LVADs and the available management strategies. Recent findings Recent evidence suggests that prolonged ventricular arrhythmias may result in increased mortality in patients with LVADs. Summary Successful management of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with LVAD requires interd...
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: CARDIAC FAILURE: Edited by Rebecca Cogswell and Gene Kim Source Type: research
Purpose of review His bundle pacing (HBP) has emerged as a novel method to achieve electrical resynchronization in bundle branch block and as an alternative means to deliver cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). There are now data on HBP in CRT-eligible patients from cohort studies and a single pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT). Recent findings Early clinical data regarding HBP in heart failure have demonstrated echocardiographic and functional improvement similar to traditional biventricular pacing (BiV), mostly when utilized as a bailout to traditional BiV-CRT. A single pilot RCT, His-SYNC, showed a trend t...
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: CARDIAC FAILURE: Edited by Rebecca Cogswell and Gene Kim Source Type: research
Purpose of review Orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) significantly improves morbidity and mortality in patients with end-stage heart disease. Despite advances in surgical technique, immunosuppressive therapies, and patient monitoring, long-term risk of arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the denervated heart remains unchanged. Recent findings SCD is responsible for approximately 10% of all posttransplant deaths with a pooled incidence rate of 1.30 per 100 person years and is strongly associated with cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV). Risk factors for SCD and CAV include higher donor age, younger recip...
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: CARDIAC FAILURE: Edited by Rebecca Cogswell and Gene Kim Source Type: research
The objective of the present study was to investigate the knowledge and practices concerning unused and expired medicine among pharmacy and nursing students at King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study design was used. The study u...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news
More News: Arrhythmia | Bleeding | Cardiogenic Shock | Cardiology | Cardiomyopathy | Dialysis | Heart | Heart Attack | Heart Failure | Hemodialysis | Middle East Health | Saudi Arabia Health | Smokers | Stroke | Study | Ventricular Arrhythmia | Ventricular Tachycardia