Use of geriatric assessment in hematopoietic cell transplant

Publication date: Available online 22 November 2019Source: Journal of Geriatric OncologyAuthor(s): Reena Jayani, Ashley Rosko, Rebecca Olin, Andrew ArtzAbstractHematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) is an important aspect of treatment for many hematologic malignancies. As cancer is a disease associated with aging, and hematologic malignancies are no exception, rates of autologous and allogeneic HCT utilization in older adults are on the rise. The most common indications for autologous HCT are multiple myeloma and lymphoma, and for allogenic HCT are acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. Older adults into their eighth decade of life can have favorable outcomes after autologous and allogeneic HCT, at least among select patients. Evaluation of older adults prior to HCT can be aided by utilizing a geriatric assessment (GA). GA can identify areas of vulnerability in older adults prior to HCT not captured by more traditional measures. In the future, GA may be utilized to guide interventions prior to HCT to improve outcomes of older adults. Further studies are needed to expand the paucity of data in utilizing GA to identify three groups of patients: those who clearly benefit from HCT, those who would clearly be harmed, and those who might benefit but would require additional support during and after HCT.
Source: Journal of Geriatric Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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