Fast, robust and effective decellularization of whole human livers using mild detergents and pressure controlled perfusion

In conclusion, we established effective, robust and fast decellularization protocols for both porcine and human livers. With this protocol the duration of decellularization for whole-organ human livers has been shortened considerably. The increased pressure and flow did not damage the ECM, as major ECM components remained intact.
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

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In conclusion, we established effective, robust and fast decellularization protocols for both porcine and human livers. With this protocol the duration of decellularization for whole-organ human livers has been shortened considerably. The increased pressure and flow did not damage the ECM, as major ECM components remained intact. PMID: 31923991 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Appl Human Sci - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Most cirrhotic children in this cohort study had evidence of IPVD by positive SBT. However, none of these met the criteria for diagnosis of HPS. This evidence of IPVD subsided after LT. PMID: 31320167 [PubMed]
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
162Objectives: Stress myocardial blood flow (sMBF) and coronary flow reserve (CFR) by cardiac positron emission tomography (cPET) have been shown to provide prognostic information supplemental to relative perfusion images. However, myocardial blood flow (MBF) has not been characterized in patients with end stage liver disease (ESLD). Characterization of MBF may provide additional physiologic information to further assist with management and risk stratification for patients undergoing liver transplantation. Methods: A total of 126 patients with ESLD undergoing liver transplant evaluation that underwent rubidium-82 cPET with...
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Cardiovascular Clinical Science: Advances in Clinical Utility of Myocardial Blood Flow Quantification Source Type: research
Conclusion The impact of sepsis on the gut is manifold, e.g., sepsis mediated alteration of the gut-blood barrier and increase in the intestinal permeability, which may correlate with the phenomena of bacterial translocation and lymphatic activation (“toxic-lymph”). Systemic consequences of sepsis are widespread and concern to the coagulative system, the microbiome as well as enzymes, such as pancreatic proteases, MMPs and IAPs. Nevertheless, the therapeutic approaches for modulating the mucosal immune system are still rarely effective in daily routine. Recent published studies showing that treatment with FMT,...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions Several model systems are now available to characterize the MSC-tumour interplay in the TME. These offer early promise in establishing robust preclinical platforms for the identification of crucial molecular pathways and for the assessment of clinical efficacy of novel drugs to inhibit cancer development and progression. However, selection of the right model for a given study should be shaped on the purpose, and should also consider fixed biological, biochemical, and biophysical parameters according to the specific tumour type. Finally, in order to get reliable and useful results to be translated to the clinic...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Giuseppe Ristagno1*, Francesca Fumagalli1, Barbara Bottazzi2, Alberto Mantovani2,3,4, Davide Olivari1, Deborah Novelli1 and Roberto Latini1 1Department of Cardiovascular Research, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research IRCCS, Milan, Italy 2Humanitas Clinical and Research Center-IRCCS, Milan, Italy 3Humanitas University, Milan, Italy 4The William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom The long pentraxin PTX3 is a member of the pentraxin family produced locally by stromal and myeloid cells in response to proinflammatory signals and microbial moieties. The p...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2018Source: Academic RadiologyAuthor(s): Thaiss WM, Sannwald L, Kloth C, Ekert K, Hepp T, Bösmüller H, Klag T, Nikolaou K, Horger M, Kaufmann SRationale and ObjectivesTo noninvasively estimate the severity of liver fibrosis using perfusion-CT (PCT)-based quantification of dual liver blood supply prior to liver transplantation or liver resections and to correlate results with histological grading of fibrosis stages and AST-platelet ratio index.Materials and methodsInstitutional review board approved this retrospective study. We analysed 41 consecutive patients (19 clas...
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Left renal vein ligation is technically feasible, has minimal and transient effects on renal function, and can improve portal venous flow, thus mitigating the risk for portal vein thrombus, graft hypoperfusion, and possible dysfunction. PMID: 30501587 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: TEL constructed based on DSM can perform liver-specific functions with a good cytological bioactivity. Mesenteric transplantation of the TEL, which is simple, safe and effective, is currently the optimal transplantation strategy. PMID: 29997092 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Southern Medical University - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao Source Type: research
This study indicates that frailty and other age-related diseases could be prevented and significantly reduced in older adults. Getting our heart risk factors under control could lead to much healthier old ages. Unfortunately, the current obesity epidemic is moving the older population in the wrong direction, however our study underlines how even small reductions in risk are worthwhile." The study analysed data from more than 421,000 people aged 60-69 in both GP medical records and in the UK Biobank research study. Participants were followed up over ten years. The researchers analysed six factors that could impa...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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