Cystic Fibrosis in Iran

Conclusion: Regarding the complex nature of cystic fibrosis and the necessity of constant monitoring of patients during the life-span, the demographic, clinical and laboratory analysis of patients and registering and standardization of patients’ data, can be a major step in the better understanding of the disease and thereby increasing the quality of life and life expectancy in the affected population.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Cystic fibrosis Source Type: research

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Authors: Becker K, Both A, Weißelberg S, Heilmann C, Rohde H Abstract Introduction: Compared to Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are characterized by a lower capacity to cause acute, live-threatened infections. CoNS are, however, of ever increasing importance as pathogens causing infections in immunocompromised patients and after foreign-material implantation. Typically, antibiotics fail to cure foreign body-related infections and removal of the implanted device is inevitable.Areas covered: This review focuses on the emergence of CoNS species, their pathogenic potential in partic...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Beyond methicillin resistance, we did not find phenotypic or genotypic factors associated with the poor outcome of S. aureus native arthritis. CC5 was the major CC, showing the higher genetic variability of MSSA versus MRSA. PMID: 32057526 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research
Authors: Graul AI, Pina P, Tracy M, Sorbera L Abstract Highlights of our annual review of new approvals and launches on global drug markets include the approval and launch of Trikafta, the most widely applicable treatment to date for cystic fibrosis; approval of the first Ebola vaccine for general (rather than emergency) use; the pilot rollout in three African countries of the world's first malaria vaccine; approval of a new treatment option for multidrug-resistant bacterial infections; and the approval and launch in China of the first new drug to treat Alzheimer's disease in more than a decade. Several new immune ...
Source: Drugs of Today - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drugs Today (Barc) Source Type: research
ConclusionThe results of the present study provide a framework for understanding the life problems of mothers with children with disabilities, and could be used for supporting mothers emotionally and socially, and for improving their lifestyles.
Source: Journal of Public Health - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a life-shortening recessive disorder caused by mutations in both alleles of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene [1]. CFTR codes for an ion channel that mediates chloride transport across epithelial cell membranes. Mutations resulting in CFTR dysfunction cause chronic obstructive lung disease, intestinal obstruction syndromes, liver dysfunction, exocrine and endocrine pancreatic dysfunction, and male infertility [1,2]. CFTR is a complex, multidomain, membrane-spanning protein that undergoes highly regulated folding and trafficking post-biosynthesis to be functionally m...
Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
This study aimed to assess the efficacy of Oseltamivir-Azithromycin combination therapy for prevention of Influenza-A(H1)pdm09 infection associated complications and early relief of influenza symptoms.Methods: In a retrospective observational cohort study, Influenza-A(H1)pdm09 infection hospitalized patients were identified and divided into two groups based on the initial therapy. Group-AV patients were initiated on Oseltamivir without any antibiotic in treatment regimen while Group-AV+AZ patients were initiated on Oseltamivir and Azithromycin combination therapy for at least 3-5 days. Patients were evaluated for different...
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research
Authors: Hamada K, Oishi K, Chikumoto A, Murakawa K, Ohteru Y, Matsuda K, Uehara S, Suetake R, Ohata S, Murata Y, Yamaji Y, Asami-Noyama M, Ito K, Edakuni N, Hirano T, Matsunaga K Abstract Objective: Asthma is frequently associated with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). Although endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) improves asthma control in CRSwNP patients with asthma, the mechanism that underlies the response to surgical treatment is still unclear. We evaluated the relevance of changes in asthma control and changes in airway/systemic inflammation in eosinophilic CRSwNP patients with not well controlled...
Source: Journal of Asthma - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research
This study reports anti-virulence activity against S. aureus, including a MRSA clinical isolate, of naphto-γ-pyrones from Aspergillus welwitschiae mycelium, and the characterization of chemical constituents by LC-DAD and LC-MS. A remarkable decrease in biofilm formation, hemolysis and coagulation promoted by Staphylococcus aureus, important traits for bacterial pathogenicity, were observed. Furthermore, advantageous association with vancomycin resulted in significant protection against staphylococcal infection in Galleria mellonella model. These findings corroborate the importance of natural products as a source of n...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial ResistanceAuthor(s): Sinan Mermer, Tuncer Turhan, Elif Bolat, Sohret Aydemir, Tansu Yamazhan, Husnu Pullukcu, Bilgin Arda, Hilal Sipahi, Sercan Ulusoy, Oguz Resat SipahiAbstractObjectivesHerein, we aimed to compare the antibacterial activity of ceftaroline and vancomycin in the treatment of MRSA meningitis in experimental rabbit meningitis model.MethodsWe compared the antibacterial activity of ceftaroline with vancomycin in the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) meningitis (induced by MRSA strain ATCC 433...
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2020Source: IDCasesAuthor(s): Samantha Snyder, Pratiksha Singh, John GoldmanAbstractWohlfahrtiimonas chitiniclastica and Ignatzschineria indica are rare causes of infection in humans and have been linked to infestation with fly larvae in open wounds. Both organisms are emerging causes of disease globally and co-infection resulting in bacteremia is rare. An 82-year-old male with bilateral lower extremity infections was hospitalized due to fall with associated right lower extremity pain. On exam, a maggot infested ulcer was identified on his right lower extremity. On day three o...
Source: IDCases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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