Clinical characteristics of physician diagnosed asthma-COPD overlap
Conclusions: Physician-diagnosed ACO patients had highest prevalence of current-smoker and their symptoms, lung function, and eosinophil counts were between the two conditions.
ConclusionsThis large observational study based on claims data reliably identified subjects with COPD treated with open TT and their burden on the NHS. Moreover, it could describe the real clinical management of the open TT, before the marketing of the fixed one. These findings are useful for health policymakers in order to promote the appropriate utilization of both currently marketed and future therapies.
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Fang Yi, Lina Han, Baojuan Liu, Xu Zhang, Yongxin Xue, Wei Luo, Qiaoli Chen, Kefang LaiAbstractBackgroundNot all patients with cough variant asthma (CVA) show responsiveness to bronchodilators (RB) in clinic. Whether there are specific clinical and pathophysiological features can indicate RB in patients with CVA needs further investigation. Thus, we aimed to investigate the RB in patients with CVA and associated factors.MethodsForty-two CVA patients were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive oral bambuterol hydrochl...
Authors: Coats AJS PMID: 32077860 [PubMed - in process]
BACKGROUND As nonoperative management (NOM) of blunt splenic injury (BSI) increases, understanding risks, especially infectious complications, becomes more important. There are no national studies on BSI outcomes that track readmissions across hospitals. Prior studies demonstrate that infection is a major cause of readmission after trauma and that a significant proportion is readmitted to different hospitals. The purpose of this study was to compare nationwide outcomes of different treatment modalities for BSI including readmissions to different hospitals. METHODS The Nationwide Readmissions Database for 2010 to 2014 ...
CONCLUSION Admission location of stable patients with isolated mild to moderate abdominal SOIs is variable across hospitals, but hospitalization at a facility with greater ICU use is not associated with substantially improved outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Therapeutic/care management, Level IV.
Introduction: Body composition and physical fitness (PF) are major components of nutritional status which may be evaluated in the clinical setting using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and a number of different specific tests, respectively. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic disease that is usually progressive and frequently associated with poor nutritional status.
Introduction: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a chronic and progressive respiratory disease, commonly associated with alterations of nutritional status. Among these, low Vitamin D levels are frequent and related to disease severity, risk of exacerbations and annual hospitalizations and general health status of individual patients.
Introduction: The evaluation of physical fitness (PF) has been gaining importance over the last years in the assessment of nutritional status in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Authors: Honeybul S Abstract Introduction: The role of decompressive craniectomy in the management of neurological emergencies remains controversial. There is evidence available that it can reduce intracranial pressure, but it will not reverse the effects of the pathology that precipitated the neurological crisis, so there has always been concern that any reduction in mortality will result in an increase in the number of survivors with severe disability.Areas covered: The results of recent randomised controlled trials investigating efficacy of the procedure are analysed in order to determine the degree to which the sh...
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Microbes and InfectionAuthor(s): Xingchen Pan, David M. Ojcius, Tianyue Gao, Zhongsheng Li, Chunhua Pan, Chungen PanAbstractOnly a month after the outbreak of pneumonia caused by 2019-nCoV, more than forty-thousand people were infected. This put enormous pressure on the Chinese government, medical healthcare provider, and the general public, but also made the international community deeply nervous. On the 25th day after the outbreak, the Chinese government implemented strict traffic restrictions on the area where the 2019-nCoV had originated—Hubei province, w...
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