Does Continuous Positive Airway Pressure improve the sub-maximal exercise capacity in obese patients with severe obstructive sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome ?

Conclusion and Discussion: Our study shows that the treatment by CPAP in obese patients with severe OSAHS doesn’t improve the function of the muscular and cardiorespiratory chain. In addition to CPAP, a pulmonary rehabilitation program training and weight reduction can help us in the care of those patients.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep and control of breathing Source Type: research

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Publication date: March 2020Source: Developmental Review, Volume 55Author(s): Saoirse Mac Cárthaigh, Claire Griffin, John PerryAbstractObtaining sufficient sleep is a protective factor against mental and physical ill-health. However, evidence suggests that, among adolescents, the proliferation of mobile devices has contributed to a decline in sleep quality and duration over the past few decades. There is a paucity of research on the relationship between sleep and problematic smartphone use. Of the studies which have researched this association, all have relied on homogeneous samples within specific cultural contexts...
Source: Developmental Review - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
We present a mathematical model of human sleep/wake regulation with thermoregulatory functions to gain quantitative insight into the effects of ambient temperature on sleep quality. Our model extends previous models by incorporating equations for the metabolic processes that control thermoregulation during sleep. We present numerical simulations that provide a quantitative answer for how humans adjust by changing the normal sleep stage progression when it is challenged with ambient temperatures away from thermoneutral. We explore the dynamics for a single night and several nights. Our results indicate that including the ef...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Insomnia is highly co-occurring with both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD). This is concerning since insomnia contributes to worse substance abuse and PTSD, and a host of negative health consequences. No...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
PURPOSE: In physically demanding occupations or athletic populations, sleep has been shown to be an important factor for both performance and recovery. However, evidence is limited on sleep duration and its association with musculoskeletal injury risk in p...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news
Objective/Background: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and related conditions (e.g., depression) are common in Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and Operation New Dawn (OEF/OIF/OND) veterans. High anxiety sensitivity (AS), def...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news
Mrs Havercampa presents to clinic at 4:00 pm today for an unscheduled appointment. She is a 67-year-old obese diabetic woman who is 10  days status post right common femoral endarterectomy with Dacron patch angioplasty and retrograde iliac stenting for rest pain. Today, she reports increasing pain and drainage from the groin wound. On examination, there is erythema and dehiscence of the skin edges. Cloudy fluid emanates from the w ound. I sigh. “Mrs Havercamp, when was the last time you had anything to eat or drink?”
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Invited commentary Source Type: research
Conditions:   Healthy;   Mild Cognitive Impairment;   Alzheimer Disease Interventions:   Other: Closed loop acoustic stimulation;   Other: Sham acoustic stimulation Sponsor:   University of Bern Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Cholesterol, Elevated;   Overweight or Obesity Interventions:   Dietary Supplement: RS4 bar;   Dietary Supplement: Control bar Sponsors:   Kansas State University;   MGP Ingredients, Inc. Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Introduction: Sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (SAHS) is defined by the repetitive occurrence of brief apneas during sleep. Our objective is to analyze the clinical and functional profiles of SAHS in elderly obese patientsPatients and methods: We performed a retrospective study of 63 elderly obese patients with SAHS. They were sent for body plethysmography. Anthropometric data and personal history were specified. Clinical data (cough, sputum, exercise dyspnea and nocturnal snoring) have been identified. The plethysmographic data were analyzed. Continuous positive pressure (CPAP) treatment was sought.Results: 63 patients were ...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep and control of breathing Source Type: research
DiscussionObstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is defined as a “disorder of breathing during sleep characterized by prolonged partial upper airway obstruction and/or intermittent complete obstruction (obstructive apnea) that disrupts normal ventilation during sleep and normal sleep patterns.” It is different than primary snoring which is snoring without apnea, sleep arousals, or problems with gas exchange. OSAS symptoms include snoring (often with snorts, gasps or pauses), disturbed sleep (often frequent arousals) and daytime neurobehavioral problems. Sleepiness during the day can occur but is less common in...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
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