Mucoid Staphylococcus Aureus in Cystic Fibrosis Airways

Conditions:   Staphylococcus Aureus Pneumonia;   Lung Diseases;   Cystic Fibrosis;   Lung Function Decreased Intervention:   Sponsor:   University Hospital Muenster Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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In this study, we identify a hawk-dove game like interspecific relationship between the two Gram-negative opportunistic pathogens Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae, which naturally coexist in insect gut and can cocolonize human tissues. Specifically, although P. aeruginosa had significant competitive advantage over cocultured K. pneumoniae on solid medium with rich nutrient factors, K. pneumoniae could resist the suppression of P. aeruginosa by enhancing the expression of membrane transporters induced by the extracellular metabolites of P. aeruginosa. By contrast, under the condition that K. pneumoniae had a...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Jennifer M. Rudd1, Sivasami Pulavendran1, Harshini K. Ashar1, Jerry W. Ritchey1, Timothy A. Snider1, Jerry R. Malayer1, Montelongo Marie1, Vincent T. K. Chow2 and Teluguakula Narasaraju1* 1Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, United States2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, National University Health System, Singapore, Singapore Exaggerated host innate immune responses have been implicated in severe influenza pneumonia. We have previously demonstrated that excessive neutrophils recruited during in...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study we found blocking autophagy led to increased CP growth in both macrophages and mouse embryonic fibroblasts. In vivo, loss of the autophagy elongation component ATG16L1 specifically in myeloid cells led to increased mortality in response to CP infection, characterized by greater numbers of neutrophils and dendritic cells, but no change in the CP burden in the lungs. This was accompanied by an increase in inflammasome-active macrophages and IL-1β production. While induction of autophagy in macrophages led to reduced CP growth in vitro, in vivo treatment with rapamycin led to increased mortality of infected...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In this study they also showed PTX3 localized in NETs formed after neutrophil activation (5). Proteomics analysis revealed that PTX3 forms complexes with two anti-microbial proteins [azurocidin (AZU1) and myeloperoxidase (MPO)] associated to NETs (30). More recently, PTX3 localization in NETs has been confirmed, and the colocalization with AZU1 and MPO has been defined more accurately (31). Further investigation will be needed to understand the involvement of PTX3 interaction with AZU1 and MPO in their antibacterial role during NET formation. Regulation of Complement Activation PTX3 interaction with microorganisms is not...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
The most common pathogen in pediatric cystic fibrosis (CF) patients is Staphylococcus aureus, and drug-resistant species are associated with negative outcomes. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is notoriously hard to treat because many antibiotics are not FDA approved for children and drug allergies or intolerances can prohibit the use of others. Telavancin is currently indicated for hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia caused by MRSA, but it has not been studied in patients with CF or in pediatrics.
Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Abstract Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) acquisition in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients confers a worse clinical outcome with increased rate of declined lung function. Telavancin, an approved lipoglycopeptide used to treat infections due to S. aureus has a dual mode of action causing inhibition of the peptidoglycan synthesis and membrane depolarization. CF-associated MRSA infections remain an important problem with no foreseeable decline in prevalence rates. Although telavancin is currently in clinical use for complicated skin infections and hospital-acquired pneumonia, the activity against CF- as...
Source: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Antimicrob Agents Chemother Source Type: research
ESKAPE pathogens (Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter species), represent a group of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria that demonstrate the ability to escape antimicrobial treatments. These organisms are highly responsible for nosocomial and community-acquired infections, such as ventilator-associated pneumonia and S. aureus induced diabetic foot infection. Notably, P. aeruginosa contributes directly to the high mortality rate of cystic fibrosis (CF) chronic lung infections.
Source: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research
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