What Have Been the Public Health Impacts of Cannabis Legalisation in the USA? A Review of Evidence on Adverse and Beneficial Effects

AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo summarise empirical research on the adverse and beneficial public health impacts of cannabis legalisation in states in the USA.Recent FindingsThe most consistent finding from surveys of drug use is that the legalisation of medical cannabis has so far not had an effect on rates of use or cannabis use disorders among youth, but it has increased the frequency of use among adult cannabis users. There are conflicting findings on the impact of legalisation of medical and recreational cannabis use on the following: cannabis use disorders in adults, rates of motor vehicle accidents in which the driver was impaired by cannabis, rates of suicide, and opioid-related harms. The legalisation of recreational cannabis use has increased emergency room attendances for cannabis-related medical conditions (acute adverse psychological effects, hyperemesis, and accidental poisoning of children). There is no evidence to date on the impact of medical or recreational legalisation on the prevalence of mental disorders such as psychoses, depression, and anxiety.SummaryThere is suggestive evidence that cannabis legalisation is associated with a range of public health consequences. However, current evidence is limited in the capacity to confidently conclude that these changes are the result of cannabis legalisation. The impacts on public health may take some years to become apparent.
Source: Current Addiction Reports - Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Related Links:

Today is Blue Monday, which is rumored to be the most depressing day of the year. But is it? Research hasn't proved that there is any one day more depressing than all the others. It's a PR stunt that has cemented itself into modern culture.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological PsychiatryAuthor(s): Shaoqiang Han, Qian Cui, Xiao Wang, Yuyan Chen, Di Li, Liang Li, Xiaonan Guo, Yun-Shuang Fan, Jing Guo, Wei Sheng, Feng-Mei Lu, Zongling He, Huafu ChenAbstractDuring depressive episode, bipolar disorder (BD) patients share indistinguishable depression symptoms with major depressive disorder (MDD).However, whether neural correlates underlying the anhedonia, a core feature of depression, is different between BD and MDD remains unknown. To explore neural correlates underlying the anhedonia in BD a...
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This article discusses how nature, gardening, and bringing the outdoors in can instill in us a tranquil mindset and improve our mental health. Nature and Wellbeing Nature and wellbeing have been thought to be associated throughout history. A 2016 study published by the University of Derby has confirmed the significance of this association from a scientific point of view. Working with the Wildlife Trusts, the researchers found that participants who engaged with nature each day for 30 days reported sustained increases in health and happiness.  The paper suggested that we feel happier after prolonged exposure to...
Source: PickTheBrain | Motivation and Self Improvement - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: featured health and fitness meditation psychology self improvement gardening mental health pickthebrain Source Type: blogs
ConclusionBoth patient history and laboratory analysis have a role in identifying and confirming a diagnosis. In cases in which laboratory tests are incongruous with reported history, making a unifying diagnosis can be challenging or delayed. The importance of taking a comprehensive history cannot be overemphasized, but history provided by patients may be prone to intentional or unintentional distortion, whereas laboratory findings are more objective. The case presented underscores why the lab findings should be given credence in cases in which there is discordance between lab results and the provided patient history.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Awaken Joy, LLC, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, Fairbanks, AK, 99709 | Psychology Today Awaken Joy, LLC, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, Fairbanks, AK, 99709, Thank you for your interest. Susana ("Sana") Donofry is a psychiatric nurse practitioner. She prescribes medicine for ADHD and mental health issues like depression, anxiety, and addiction. She accepts most insurance plans... www.psychologytoday.com I was looking at psych profiles in the 20 or so states that allow nurse practitioners to practice independently, it was surprising to s...
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Psychiatry Source Type: forums
Drinking alcohol causes damage to your health in both the short term and long term, even for moderate drinkers. For individuals who suffer from addiction to alcohol and frequently drink in excess, these risks become higher. Knowing the risks of drinking alcohol is important to help avoid drinking to excess and reduce the likelihood of these risks. Short-Term Risks of Drinking Alcohol There are many short-term risks that occur when drinking alcohol. These risks can happen to anyone, including individuals suffering from alcohol use disorder, or individuals who are drinking for the very first time. Injuries When you drink al...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcoholism alcohol abuse alcohol dependence alcohol dependency alcohol detox alcohol treatment alcohol treatment center alcohol treatment facility alcohol use risks Source Type: blogs
Zach (left) and Bob (right) According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, more than 70,000 Americans died from drug overdoses in 2017, including illicit drugs and prescription opioids, a two-fold increase in a decade. Opioids include prescription opioids and methadone, heroin, and other synthetic narcotics like fentanyl. Bob Paff has directly suffered the casualties of this epidemic. On January 21 of this year he lost his son Zach to an accidental overdose of fentanyl. A highly sought-after communications expert, business leader, and internationally recognized author, Bob now uses his communications platform to bring ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Addiction General Recovery Stigma Opioid Epidemic Opioids Suicide synthetic fentanyl Source Type: blogs
When it comes to your beverage of choice, alcoholic beverages are unique. For millions, they are a regular part of the dining experience. They’re often an important component of social events, celebrations, and milestones; we toast people, events, and memories with alcohol. They play a key role in many religious traditions. And, of course, the alcoholic beverage industry is a major economic force, responsible for more than $220 billion in sales annually in the US. And all of this is true despite the well-known and well-publicized risks of drinking too much alcohol. The negative effects of alcohol It should be a surpr...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Alcohol Health Source Type: blogs
In an article I wrote titled “Why I’m Grateful for My Son’s Self-Injury,” I describe my son’s depression and the use of cutting to release some of his inner pain. This self-injury turned into an addictive and compulsive act that culminated in several suicide attempts. Cutting became his demon; one that needed to be fed, demanded attention, and was in control. No longer was my son the master of himself, the demon was. He described it as a monster, an obsession, “I want to cradle my obsession and love my obsession. . .the monster that has festered for, it seems like an eternity, inside of ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Depression Personal Self-Esteem Suicide Borderline Personality Disorder Coping Skills Cutting Major Depressive Disorder Mortification of the flesh Self Harm Suffering suicidal gestures Source Type: blogs
Many times when people get stuck working on some aspect of their personal growth, it’s because they’ve defined their core problem in a way that it can’t really be solved. One of the most common forms of this is when someone defines their problem as a mental or psychological one. I see this all the time from people trying to overcome procrastination. They usually define the problem as a lack of motivation, drive, self-discipline, passion, etc. Sometimes they see it as a lack of clarity or focus. Other times it’s succumbing to too many distractions. But ultimately they believe that the source of their...
Source: Steve Pavlina's Personal Development Blog - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Creating Reality Emotions Health Productivity Relationships Values Source Type: blogs
More News: Accidents | Addiction | Anxiety | Children | Depression | Emergency Medicine | International Medicine & Public Health | Legislation | Men | Poisoning | Psychology | Suicide