Body Composition and Biochemical Markers of Nutrition in Non-dialysis-Dependent Chronic Kidney Disease Patients.

Body Composition and Biochemical Markers of Nutrition in Non-dialysis-Dependent Chronic Kidney Disease Patients. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2019 Nov 20;: Authors: Rymarz A, Zajbt M, Jeznach-Steinhagen A, Woźniak-Kosek A, Niemczyk S Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the body composition in stages 3b to 5 of chronic kidney disease. There were 149 patients included in the study, with the mean age of 65.5 ± 16.5 years, body mass index (BMI) of 29.4 ± 5.6 kg/m2, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 23.2 ± 9.3/min/1.73m2. They remained with dialysis. Body composition was measured using bioimpedance spectroscopy, and handgrip strength was measured with a hydraulic dynamometer. The main biochemical markers assessed consisted of serum protein, albumin, prealbumin, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), and interleukin (IL)-6 content. We found that 39% of patients were overweight and 41% were obese. Obesity was more prevalent in stage 3b of chronic kidney disease than in stages 4-5 in women and in patients older than 60 years of age. Thirty-eight percent of the study population were sarcopenic, of whom 20% presented a sarcopenic obesity phenotype. There were significant associations between lean tissue index (LTI) and serum prealbumin content and handgrip strength. Fat tissue index (FTI) was associated and hsCRP, serum protein, body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio, and waist...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research

Related Links:

We describe how to achieve the dietary prescription for energy and protein using breastmilk, formulas, food, and dietary supplements, which can be incorporated into everyday practice. Statements with a low grade of evidence, or based on opinion, must be considered and adapted for the individual patient by the treating physician and dietitian according to their clin ical judgment. Research recommendations have been suggested. The CPRs will be regularly audited and updated by the PRNT.
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study highlights the degree to which perceived physical health is lower in the setting of CKD than in the general population, even in the absence of kidney failure, and calls for greater attention to CKD-related quality of life.
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Purpose of review Plant-based diets have been used with growing popularity for the treatment of a wide range of lifestyle-related diseases, including diabetes, hypertension, and obesity. With the reinvigoration of the dietary management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the use of low protein diets for secondary prevention of CKD to delay or prevent dialysis therapy, there is an increasing interest in the potential role of plant-based diets for these patients. Recent findings Recently, a body of evidence related to the role of plant-based diets in preventing CKD has reemerged. Several observational studies have show...
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: NOVEL THERAPEUTIC APPROACHES IN NEPHROLOGY AND HYPERTENSION: Edited by Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh and Ekamol Tantisattamo Source Type: research
2017 ended as a banner year for my family, but things didn’t look great at the start. A death sentence met us in a boxing ring, and we had to school ourselves on fighting to live. I never thought much about the 37 million American adults who suffer from kidney disease until my husband Neil became one of them. Celebrating our first year of marriage in 2001, we learned by accident through an unrelated medical exam that my husband has polycystic kidney disease, an illness which causes the kidneys to fill with cysts over time, rendering the organs unable to function properly. There is no cure. There was nothing to do but...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized health Healthcare medicine public health Source Type: news
sti R Abstract Protein carbonylation is a marker of oxidative protein damage, that is likely involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protein carbonyl (PC) groups in different clinical conditions. It included different groups of subjects: 81 trained subjects; 23 subjects with mild essential hypertension; 31 middle-aged subjects with metabolic syndrome (MS); 106 subjects with MS not selected for age (subdivided into two subgroups, with and without diabetes mellitus); 91 obese adults subdivided in two subgroups (BMI 30-35 Kg/m2 and BMI > 35 kg/m2); 48 subject...
Source: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Clin Hemorheol Microcirc Source Type: research
Abstract Ten percent of the world's population is affected by chronic kidney disease that can lead to kidney failure. In France, nearly three million people are concerned, half of whom are undiagnosed, 85,000 people are on dialysis or waiting for a kidney transplant. Each year, 11,000 new diagnoses of severe renal failure are made, one third of which had not been treated before. Kidney failure is constantly increasing due to the aging of the population and the resurgence of chronic diseases, including obesity and cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure and diabetes, two conditions that impair...
Source: Nephrologie and Therapeutique - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Nephrol Ther Source Type: research
The objective of this review is to show an overview to know the main UT produced in end-stage renal disease patients, and how prebiotics and probiotics intervention acts as a helpful tool in CKD treatment.
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
We describe 2 cases of patients on hemodialysis who had a body mass index greater than 35 kg/m² who underwent abdominoplasty before transplant without perioperative complications. One patient received a living-related kidney transplant (donor was the brother) without complications. PMID: 31580239 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe found that among individuals with stage 3 and 4 CKD, PTH was an independent predictor of fractures, vascular events, and death. Additional epidemiologic studies are needed to confirm these findings. If a target PTH range can be confirmed, then randomized placebo-controlled trials will be needed to confirm that treating HPT reduces the risk of fracture, vascular events, and death.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
This article's objective is to describe CKD's integration into Cuba's National Noncommunicable Diseases (NCD) Program and the main outcomes regarding the burden of CKD and associated risk factors in Cuba. Cuba offers free health services to all its citizens on the basis of a strong primary healthcare system focused on prevention. The CKD National Program is coordinated by the Institute of Nephrology and includes the National Program for Prevention of CKD, which addresses all levels of prevention. The following indicators for renal replacement treatment are from 2016. The incidence of new patients on dialysis was 109 per mi...
Source: Clinical Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin Nephrol Source Type: research
More News: Biology | Chronic Kidney Disease | Dialysis | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Nutrition | Obesity | Research | Study | Urology & Nephrology | Women