Comparison of psychiatric comorbidities and impact on quality of life in patients with epilepsy or psychogenic nonepileptic spells

This study examined the impact of psychiatric comorbidity on QOL in patients admitted to two level 4 epilepsy monitoring units (EMUs).MethodsIn this prospective observational study, 200 patients admitted to two level 4 EMUs completed standardized surveys including the Quality of Life in Epilepsy (QOLIE-31-P), Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), and Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II). Hierarchal multiple regression was performed to assess impact on QOL.ResultsOf the 200 participants, 113 had a diagnosis of epilepsy, 36 had a diagnosis of PNES, and 51 were excluded for nondiagnostic evaluation or dual diagnosis. Of those with epilepsy, 65 had TLE, 28 had focal extratemporal lobe epilepsy (ETLE), and 20 had nonfocal epilepsy. Patients with PNES had higher self-reported anxiety and depression levels (GAD-7: p = 0.04, PHQ-9: p 
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Insomnia symptoms and obesity were related to overall aggressive behavior in PWE independent of depressive symptoms. The individual subscales of the AQ were correlated differently with the various factors including male sex, obesity, depressive symptoms, anxiety, insomnia symptoms, epilepsy severity, polytherapy, and the use of perampanel.
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study examined the impact of psychiatric comorbidity on QOL in patients admitted to two level 4 epilepsy monitoring units (EMUs). METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 200 patients admitted to two level 4 EMUs completed standardized surveys including the Quality of Life in Epilepsy (QOLIE-31-P), Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), and Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II). Hierarchal multiple regression was performed to assess impact on QOL. RESULTS: Of the 200 participants, 113 had a diagnosis of epilepsy, 36 had a diagnosis of PNES, and 51 were exc...
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Epilepsy &Behavior, Volume 99Author(s): Zilin Wang, Zhiwen Luo, Shunhua Li, Zhiwen Luo, Zilin WangAbstractObjectiveAnxiety is a common neurological condition often comorbid with epilepsy, with approximately 20% of patients with epilepsy exhibiting symptoms of anxiety. Despite this prevalence, accurate and efficacious tools designed to screen for anxiety specifically in patients with epilepsy have not yet been developed. The purpose of this study is to systematically review the literature and better understand this relationship.MethodsOvid MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsyclNFO were searched...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Anxiety is a common neurological condition often comorbid with epilepsy, with approximately 20% of patients with epilepsy exhibiting symptoms of anxiety. Despite this prevalence, accurate and efficacious tools designed to screen for anxiety specifically in patients with epilepsy have not yet been developed. The purpose of this study is to systematically review the literature and better understand this relationship. METHODS: Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsyclNFO were searched until April 22nd, 2019 without language restrictions. We extracted abstracts, data abstraction, and full-text reviews i...
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
ConclusionIn this study, there was no association between migraine comorbidity and objective cognitive scores in patients with newly diagnosed focal epilepsy. The relationship between migraine comorbidity and subjective memory deficits seemed to be mediated by the higher prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms in patients with epilepsy with comorbid migraine.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In this study, there was no association between migraine comorbidity and objective cognitive scores in patients with newly diagnosed focal epilepsy. The relationship between migraine comorbidity and subjective memory deficits seemed to be mediated by the higher prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms in patients with epilepsy with comorbid migraine. PMID: 31181426 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study shows that brivaracetam is not associated with an increased level of anger in patients with either focal or generalised epilepsies in the absence of psychiatric comorbidity. However, an improvement in anger levels is possibly influenced by a good seizure response.
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our results indicate similar prevalence rates of comorbid psychiatric symptoms to studies carried out in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region and relatively high attendance and referral rates to psychiatric services.Implications: The results shed light on the clinical profile of patients in this region and support the need for integrated collaborative medical services. Moreover, findings have important implications for health care policies pertaining to resource distribution and funding.IntroductionMedical care has traditionally been dominated by a separation between disciplines catering to physiologi...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
DiscussionAs detailed above, the “elements” in both a classical and a contemporary sense have effects on our mental health and are potentially modifiable aspects that can be harnessed as therapeutic interventions. The most robust interventional evidence currently available shows tentative support for several use of the elements via horticultural and nature-exposure therapy, green exercise/physical activity, sauna and heat therapy, balneotherapy, and breathing exercises. It should be noted that, in many cases, these interventions were not studied in definitive diagnosed psychiatric disorders and thus it is prema...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
In this study, we compared the dynamic resting-state local and large-scale FC between PTSD patients (n = 22) and healthy controls (HC; n = 22; conducted as standard deviation in resting-state local and large-scale FC over a series of sliding windows). Local dynamic FC was examined by calculating the dynamic regional homogeneity (dReHo), and large-scale dynamic FC (dFC) was investigated between regions with significant dReHo group differences. For the PTSD patients, we also investigated the relationship between symptom severity and dFC/dReHo. Our results showed that PTSD patients were characterized by I) increased dynamic (...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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