The Stabilization of Central Sympathetic Nerve Activation by Renal Denervation Prevents Cerebral Vasospasm after Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in Rats

We examined the effect of RD on early brain injury (EBI) and delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) as a primary endpoint, and also explored the effect on cerebral vasospasm (CVS) as a secondary endpoint. Although RD did not exert significant effects on primary endpoint, RD signi ficantly prevented CVS and reduced SAH-induced increases in the number of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-positive endothelial cells, cyclooxygenase-2 expression, and macrophage infiltration in major cerebral arteries. Moreover, RD significantly decreased the areas display ing dopamine β-hydroxylase and glial fibrillary acidic protein immunopositivity in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus and serum angiotensin II levels, all of which were increased by SAH. Although RD decreased systolic blood pressure, significant changes in cerebral blood flow were not observed compared with SAH + Sham group. Based on the findings, RD improved CVS by reducing endothelial cell damage and the effects were associated with the stabilization of central sympathetic nerve activation in a SAH model.
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Related Links:

AbstractAutonomic dysfunction is common in neuro-critical care patients and may compromise the function of various organs. Among the many diseases causing or being associated with autonomic dysfunction are traumatic brain injury, cerebrovascular diseases, epilepsy, Guillain –Barré syndrome (GBS), alcohol withdrawal syndrome, botulism and tetanus, among many others. Autonomic dysfunction may afflict various organs and may involve hyper- or hypo-activity of the sympathetic or parasympathetic system. In this short overview, we address only a small number of neuro-inten sive care diseases with autonomic dysfunctio...
Source: Clinical Autonomic Research - Category: Research Source Type: research
Abstract During the initial stages of hemorrhagic stroke, including intracerebral hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage, the reflex mechanisms are activated to protect cerebral perfusion, but secondary dysfunction of cerebral flow autoregulation will eventually reduce global cerebral blood flow and the delivery of metabolic substrates, leading to generalized cerebral ischemia, hypoxia, and ultimately, neuronal cell death. Cerebral blood flow is controlled by various regulatory mechanisms, including prevailing arterial pressure, intracranial pressure, arterial blood gases, neural activity, and metabolic demand. Ev...
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
Conclusion: Prompt investigation revealed a spinal arachnoid cyst in a patient with a history of intracranial SAH presenting with unexplained progressive Brown-Séquard syndrome. For cases of multiseptated and long arachnoid cyst, as in our patient, a shunting procedure is a better choice than fenestration alone.
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Abstract Neurocardiology is an emerging specialty that addresses the interaction between the brain and the heart, that is, the effects of cardiac injury on the brain and the effects of brain injury on the heart. This review article focuses on cardiac dysfunction in the setting of stroke such as ischemic stroke, brain hemorrhage, and subarachnoid hemorrhage. The majority of post-stroke deaths are attributed to neurological damage, and cardiovascular complications are the second leading cause of post-stroke mortality. Accumulating clinical and experimental evidence suggests a causal relationship between brain damage...
Source: Circulation Research - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ Res Source Type: research
This study is aimed at exploring the protective effects of NGN against ICV-COL induced behavioral, neurological and memory deficits in rats. ICV-ICH was induced by single, unilateral intrastriatal injection of COL (1 IU in 2 µL, ICV) over 10 min. From 2nd day onwards, NGN was administered in three different doses (10, 20, and 40 mg/kg; p.o.). Animals were subjected to a battery of behavioral tests to assess behavioral changes, including neurological scoring tests (cylinder test, spontaneous motility, righting reflex, h orizontal bar test, forelimb flexion), actophotometer, rotarod, Randall Selitto and von Frey. Posts...
Source: Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
AbstractMany systemic complications follow aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and are primarily due to sympathetic nervous system activation. These complications play an important role in the overall outcome of patients. The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the diagnosis, pathophysiology, and management of systemic complications specifically associated with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Special focus has been made on systemic complications that occur more frequently in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage compared to other stroke subtypes and in the neurocritical care patient population. ...
Source: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
During the last 10 years, reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) has emerged as the most frequent cause of thunderclap headache (TCH) in patients without aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, and as the most frequent cause of recurrent TCHs. The typical TCHs of RCVS are multiple, recurring over a few days to weeks, excruciating, short‐lived, and brought up by exertion, sexual activities, emotion, Valsalva maneuvers, or bathing, among other triggers. All these triggers induce sympathetic activation. In a minority of cases with RCVS, TCH heralds stroke and rarely death. Early diagnosis of RCVS in patients who p...
Source: Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Abstract During the last 10 years, reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) has emerged as the most frequent cause of thunderclap headache (TCH) in patients without aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, and as the most frequent cause of recurrent TCHs. The typical TCHs of RCVS are multiple, recurring over a few days to weeks, excruciating, short-lived, and brought up by exertion, sexual activities, emotion, Valsalva maneuvers, or bathing, among other triggers. All these triggers induce sympathetic activation. In a minority of cases with RCVS, TCH heralds stroke and rarely death. Early diagnosis of RCVS i...
Source: Headache - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Headache Source Type: research
Authors: Manea MM, Comsa M, Minca A, Dragos D, Popa C Abstract UNLABELLED: There has been a large confirmation over the last decades that stroke may produce cardiac changes (echocardiographic, electrocardiographic, enzymatic). In ischemic stroke, systolic dysfunction is associated with a high risk of mortality during hospitalization. A recent study demonstrated that cardiac diastolic dysfunction could also accompany acute stroke besides the systolic dysfunction already pointed out by previous studies, being a predictive marker of acute cerebrovascular events. Increased sympathetic activity is contributory, inducing...
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research
Conclusions: Many unnecessary tests are obtained to evaluate syncope. Selecting tests based on history and examination and prioritizing less expensive and higher yield tests would ensure a more informed and cost-effective approach to evaluating older patients with syncope._____________________________________________________________________________4)    Reed MJ.  The ROSE (Risk Stratification of syncope in the emergency department) Study.  J Am Coll Cardiol, 2010; 55:713-721, doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2009.09.049  Objectives: The aim of this study was to develop and validate a clinical deci...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
More News: Brain | Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Heart | Hemorrhagic Stroke | Neurology | Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy | Stroke | Study | Subarachnoid Hemorrhage