DPP-4 inhibitor saxagliptin ameliorates oxygen deprivation/reoxygenation-induced brain endothelial injury.

In this study, we reveal that saxagliptin, one of the most widely used DPP-4 inhibitors, exhibits vascular protective effects against oxygen and glucose depletion/reoxygenation (OGD/R) in human brain vascular endothelial cells. Our data show that DPP-4 is fairly expressed in brain endothelial cells and its expression is induced by OGD/R. The results of MTT assay show that inhibition of DPP-4 by saxagliptin ameliorates OGD/R-induced reduced cell viability, and LDH assay demonstrated that saxagliptin reduces cellular toxicity. Furthermore, we show that saxagliptin mitigates OGD/R-induced collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). Saxagliptin also reduces oxidative stress-induced release of 4-HNE and the NAPDH oxidase catalytic subunit NOX-4. At the molecular level, saxagliptin suppresses OGD/R-induced expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and production of vascular adhesion molecules including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6, monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), vascular cellular adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), and E-selectin. Mechanistically, saxagliptin inhibits activation of the NF-κB pathway by OGD/R via its inhibitory effect on nuclear p65 and NF-κB promoter activity. Collectively, our study explicitly demonstrates the cellular protective effect of saxagliptin against OGD/R-induced brain endothelial injury. Our findings extend our recognition of the protective roles of DPP-4 inhibitors in brain vascular cells. ...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research

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Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
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Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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