Age-standardized cancer-incidence trends in Canada, 1971-2015.

Age-standardized cancer-incidence trends in Canada, 1971-2015. CMAJ. 2019 Nov 18;191(46):E1262-E1273 Authors: Brenner DR, Ruan Y, Shaw E, O'Sullivan D, Poirier AE, Heer E, Villeneuve PJ, Walter SD, Friedenreich CM, Smith L, De P Abstract BACKGROUND: Although cancer incidence over time is well documented in Canada, trends by birth cohort and age group are less well known. We analyzed age- and sex-standardized incidence trends in Canada for 16 major cancer sites and all cancers combined. METHODS: We obtained nationally representative population-based cancer incidence data in Canada between 1971 and 2015 from the National Cancer Incidence Reporting System (1969-1992) and the Canadian Cancer Registry (1992-2015). We analyzed cancer-incidence trends, reported as annual percent change (APC) for each 10-year group from age 20 to 89 years. We also estimated age-adjusted incidence rate ratios from fitted birth cohort models. RESULTS: Across most age categories, the most recent trends show significant decreases in the incidence of cervical (APC -8.8% to -0.33%), lung (men: -7.42% to -0.36%; women: -6.27% to 1.07%), bladder (women: -4.12% to -0.07%; men: -5.13% to -0.38%) and prostate cancer (-11.11% to -1.11%). Significant increasing trends were observed for kidney, thyroid and uterine cancers. Overall incidence has increased among both sexes younger than 50 years of age, with recent increases in pancreatic cancer among men, breast cancer among women and co...
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research

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This study aimed to determine the effect of the consumption of peel flour or pulp flour from two varieties of Solanum tuberosum (Yungay potato and Canchán potato) on the accumulation of adipose tissue, organ weight, and oxidative stress in the liver of rats. We carried out an experimental study in 24 obese Holtzman rats, divided into four groups and subjected to diets containing 10% flour from both varieties of potato. The groups were T1: Yungay peel; T2: Yungay pulp; T3: Canchán peel; and T4: Canchán pulp. When the study was completed, all the animals were slaughtered to record the weights of organs a...
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
In conclusion, the frequency of MCN is higher in middle-aged women, being the location in the distal pancreas and the percentage of malignancy is low. Laparoscopic surgery is a disease management option. PMID: 31967260 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
Authors: Lancellotti P, De Pauw M, Claeys M Abstract Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer represent the two main causes of death in industrialised countries. Both share common risk factors (diabetes, obesity, hypertension, diet, smoking, etc.). The associated timing of CVD and cancer onset is thus largely influenced by modifiable risk factors. Advances in cancer treatment have extended the lives of patients with cancer, but for some at the cost of adverse cardiovascular events. The rapidly growing number of patients surviving cancer, often in the setting of advanced age, new or pre-existing CV disease and risk f...
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
Authors: Lai G, Guo N, Jiang Y, Lai J, Li Y, Lai R Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the duration of one-lung ventilation (OLV) affects postoperative pulmonary complications after McKeown esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data stored in a database for esophageal cancer was carried out to identify predictors of postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing McKeown esophagectomy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between 2010 and 2012. RESULTS: Patients in the OLV ⩾150 minutes group had a higher incidence of postoperative pulmonary complication...
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
Authors: Wang S, Yu J Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.3892/ol.2019.10806.]. PMID: 31966087 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Li K, Yang J, Chen J, Shi Y, Zhang Z, Chen W Abstract The present study investigated if c-MYC and high mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) expression was associated with prognosis of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). A total of 102 patients undergoing surgery for PDAC were retrospectively reviewed. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect c-MYC and HMGA2 protein expression in PDAC and peritumoral tissue samples. Expression of c-MYC and HMGA2 was associated with clinicopathological characteristics and prognoses of patients with PDAC using multivariate analysis. HMGA2 and c-MYC protein expre...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Wang XQ, Zheng Y, Fang PF, Song XB Abstract The lack of reliable plasma biomarkers limits their use in the diagnosis of gastric cancer (GC). The current study aimed to determine whether plasma nesfatin-1 can be used as a novel non-invasive biomarker for the diagnosis of GC. The levels of nesfatin-1 in 40 patients with GC and 40 healthy individuals, who were selected from the Chaohu Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University, were assessed. ELISA was used for the measurement of plasma nesfatin-1 levels, while immunohistochemistry was applied to determine Ki67 protein expression in GC and normal gastric...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Ren L, Li Y, Zhao Q, Fan L, Tan B, Zang A, Yang H Abstract Breast cancer is one of the most prevalent types of cancer among women that leads to millions of deaths worldwide every year. The mechanisms of breast cancer pathogenesis remain unclear. It has been reported that aberrant expression of miR-519, is associated with breast cancer development; however, the effects of miR-519 on breast cancer cell proliferation remain unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine whether miR-519 could regulate breast cancer cell proliferation. A total of 20 pairs of primary breast cancer and adjacent normal t...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Nardone V, Tini P, Pastina P, Botta C, Reginelli A, Carbone SF, Giannicola R, Calabrese G, Tebala C, Guida C, Giudice A, Barbieri V, Tassone P, Tagliaferri P, Cappabianca S, Capasso R, Luce A, Caraglia M, Mazzei MA, Pirtoli L, Correale P Abstract Immune checkpoint blockade is an emerging anticancer strategy, and Nivolumab is a human mAb to PD-1 that is used in the treatment of a number of different malignancies, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), kidney cancer, urothelial carcinoma and melanoma. Although the use of Nivolumab prolongs survival in a number of patients, this treatment is hampered b...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
In conclusion, cfDNA and cftDNA exhibit the potential to become novel biomarkers for the response assessment following cancer treatment, and may serve as a tool for the estimation of tumor volume. The current study further supports the increasingly important role of cfDNA and cftDNA as new monitoring tools for use during cancer therapy. PMID: 31966080 [PubMed]
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
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