(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate encapsulated realgar nanoparticles exhibit enhanced anticancer therapeutic efficacy against acute promyelocytic leukemia.

(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate encapsulated realgar nanoparticles exhibit enhanced anticancer therapeutic efficacy against acute promyelocytic leukemia. Drug Deliv. 2019 Dec;26(1):1058-1067 Authors: Fang W, Peng ZL, Dai YJ, Wang DL, Huang P, Huang HP Abstract Realgar and (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) are natural medicines that inhibit cancer cell growth, resulting in inhibition of formation and development of tumors. The anticancer effects of realgar and EGCG were greatly improved following formulation as nanoparticles. EGCG has received increased attention as a drug carrier. The aim of this study was to prepare a new nanomedicine, (EGCG-RNPs), in which encapsulated nano-realgar. EGCG-RNPs were prepared by coprecipitation and characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), particle size and zeta potential, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and in vitro release. Furthermore, we evaluated the antiproliferative effects of EGCG-RNPs on HL-60 cells in vitro, antitumor effect by intratumoral injection of EGCG-RNPs into solid tumors derived from APL HL-60 cells in vivo. Possible mechanisms were evaluated using uptake and efflux experiments in HL-60 cells. The results showed that the average particle size and zeta potentials of EGCG-RNPs was 200.3 ± 1.23 nm and -46.8 ± 1.31 mV. Controlled release of EGCG-RNPs was sustai...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research

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A promising and expensive type of immunotherapy, called CAR T-cell therapy, is now covered by Medicare. This news may affect mesothelioma patients in the future. Chimeric antigen receptor T-cell, or CAR T-cell, therapy involves the laboratory reprogramming of a patient’s T cells, which are a type of white blood cell responsible for protecting the body against infection and disease. The T cells are genetically modified to better recognize and attack cancer. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the immunotherapy procedure for non-Hodgkin lymphoma and B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. It is...
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TP53, which encodes the tumor suppressor p53, is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancer. The selective pressures shaping its mutational spectrum, dominated by missense mutations, are enigmatic, and neomorphic gain-of-function (GOF) activities have been implicated. We used CRISPR-Cas9 to generate isogenic human leukemia cell lines of the most common TP53 missense mutations. Functional, DNA-binding, and transcriptional analyses revealed loss of function but no GOF effects. Comprehensive mutational scanning of p53 single–amino acid variants demonstrated that missense variants in the DNA-binding domain exert a ...
Source: ScienceNOW - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Medicine, Diseases reports Source Type: news
l;ven M Abstract Inflammation develops initiation and pathological process of cancer. Nanoscale drug carriers are required to be investigated for delivery of actives at cellular level for treatment of various cancer types. Solid lipid nanoparticles (CLX-SLN), nanostructured lipid carriers (CLX-NLC) and a nanoemulsion (CLX-NE) of celecoxib (CLX), a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, were formulated for use in remedy of breast cancer and acute promyelocytic leukemia. The hot high pressure homogenization technique was employed to product formulations. Scanning electron micrographs were utilized for morphological c...
Source: Appl Human Sci - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 103Author(s): Melike Üner, Gülgün Yener, Mine ErgüvenAbstractInflammation develops initiation and pathological process of cancer. Nanoscale drug carriers are required to be investigated for delivery of actives at cellular level for treatment of various cancer types. Solid lipid nanoparticles (CLX-SLN), nanostructured lipid carriers (CLX-NLC) and a nanoemulsion (CLX-NE) of celecoxib (CLX), a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, were formulated for use in remedy of breast cancer and acute promyelocytic leukemia. The hot hi...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Conclusions: The trial was stopped after the first step analysis for absence of response to Radium 223 according to PERCIST criteria at FDG PET in patients with bone metastases from RAI refractory DTC. Furthermore awareness of hematological toxicity in case of previously RAI and external radiation therapy is needed.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Therapy Concepts I: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusions Several model systems are now available to characterize the MSC-tumour interplay in the TME. These offer early promise in establishing robust preclinical platforms for the identification of crucial molecular pathways and for the assessment of clinical efficacy of novel drugs to inhibit cancer development and progression. However, selection of the right model for a given study should be shaped on the purpose, and should also consider fixed biological, biochemical, and biophysical parameters according to the specific tumour type. Finally, in order to get reliable and useful results to be translated to the clinic...
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In conclusion, e-As4S4 holds great potential for an alternative therapeutics in the treatment of breast cancer, due to its unique function of correcting the aggressive microenvironment. Introduction Metastasis is the leading cause of breast cancer mortality, which has been one major challenge in clinical treatment (1). In particular, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by the absence of estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR) and HER2 receptors, which is one of the most aggressive types of breast cancers, marked by high rates of relapse, visceral metastases and early death (2, 3). The...
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Mark E. Gray1,2*, James Meehan2,3, Paul Sullivan4, Jamie R. K. Marland4, Stephen N. Greenhalgh1, Rachael Gregson1, Richard Eddie Clutton1, Carol Ward2, Chris Cousens5, David J. Griffiths5, Alan Murray4 and David Argyle1 1The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 2Cancer Research UK Edinburgh Centre and Division of Pathology Laboratories, Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 3School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Institute of Sensors, Signals and Systems, Heriot-Watt Univer...
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