Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma and High-Grade B-Cell Lymphoma

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the most common subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, is characterized by both clinical and molecular heterogeneity. Despite efforts to tailor therapy for individual patients, treatment remains uniform and a subset of patients have poor outcomes. The past decade has witnessed a dramatic expansion of our understanding of the genomic underpinnings of this disease, especially with the application of next-generation sequencing. In this review, the authors highlight the current genomic landscape of DLBCL and how this information provides a potential molecular framework for precision medicine-based strategies in this disease.
Source: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research

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This study does not go into detail about the extent to which these comorbidities may influence the increased risk of cancer in psoriasis patients. People with severe psoriasis often do not get enough relief with topical therapies (ones applied to the skin), such as topical corticosteroids and vitamin D analogues. They may then be started on medications that target specific immune cells and proteins. Some of these medications increase the risk of infections. Previous studies have found little to no increased risk of cancer in patients receiving these therapies. Other treatments, such as phototherapy (light therapy), are kno...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Cancer Skin and Hair Care Source Type: blogs
Purpose of review Although uncommon, systemic vasculitis is one of the most severe extraglandular manifestations of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) accounting for the increased morbidity and mortality of the disease. This review aims to describe major previous and recent reports regarding the clinical presentation, prognosis and treatment of systemic vasculitis associated with pSS. Recent findings Both older and recent pSS cohort studies performed over the past several and recent years, have clearly shown that cryoglobulinaemic vasculitis is the most frequent type of systemic vasculitis accompanying pSS. Antineu...
Source: Current Opinion in Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: VASCULITIS SYNDROMES: Edited by Hasan Yazici and Yusuf Yazici Source Type: research
ConclusionVenetoclax therapy in a real-world cohort offered modest benefits in heavily pretreated patients. Adverse events were observed at a greater incidence than in the clinical trials. A wide heterogeneity of venetoclax dose escalation, multiagent combinations, and timing of initiation were identified and require investigation in subsequent clinical trials.
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Shutdowns earlier this year of two facilities that use ethylene oxide (EtO) to sterilize medical devices prompted FDA to monitor for supply shortages in the industry because EtO is such a popular sterilization method for medical devices. This week the agency revealed steps it will take to reduce medtech's reliance on EtO sterilization. EtO is a flammable, colorless gas used to sterilize equipment and plastic devices that cannot be sterilized by steam, such as medical equipment. In fact, about half of all sterilized medical devices undergo sterilization using this gas. Breathi...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Sterilization Regulatory and Compliance Source Type: news
Infectious diseases are still a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite the progress in drug development, the occurrence of microbial resistance is still a significant concern. Alternative therapeutic strategies are required for non-responding or relapsing patients. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells has revolutionized cancer immunotherapy, providing a potential therapeutic option for patients who are unresponsive to standard treatments. Recently two CAR T cell therapies, Yescarta® (Kite Pharma/Gilead) and Kymriah® (Novartis) were approved by the FDA for the treatments of certain types ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
ConclusionRT is an effective and curative local treatment for early-stage FL and MZL at conventional and reduced radiation doses. Conventional-doses seems to be associated with local response improvement, without significant differences in PFS rates. Age, histology, and  response to RT may influence the PFS.
Source: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Palliative care was provided to a minority of patients with hematologic malignancies and considerable improvement is required in its timely use and extension. PMID: 31714147 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Tags: Am J Hosp Palliat Care Source Type: research
Background: DLBCL is the most commonly occurring type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, which may be found at various extranodal sites. But little is known about the particular trends of extranodal DLBCL.Methods: A total of 15,882 extranodal DLBCL patients were included in incidence analysis from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (1973–2015). The joinpoint regression software was used to calculate the annual percent change (APC) in rates. Nomograms were established by R software to predict overall survival (OS).Results: The extranodal DLBCL incidence continued to rise at a rate of 1.6% (95% CI, 0.4–2.8, p
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract More than 50 subtypes of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma are recognized in the most recent World Health Organization classification of 2016. The current treatment paradigm, however, is largely based on 'one-size-fits-all' immune-chemotherapy. Unfortunately, this therapeutic strategy is inadequate for a significant number of patients. As such, there is an indisputable need for novel, preferably targeted, therapies based on a biologically driven classification and risk stratification. Sequencing studies identified mutations in the MYD88 gene as an important oncogenic driver in B-cell lymphomas. MYD88 mutations ...
Source: Haematologica - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Haematologica Source Type: research
This article reviews multiple markers that could potentially serve as future diagnostic tools and predictors of treatment response. Recent findings Many studies have attempted to classify DLBCL into different subtypes for prognostic purposes using methods such as immunohistochemistry. PCNSL often falls under the activated B-cell-like subgroup, and further genomic sequencing has identified alterations in genes within the B-cell receptor signaling axis at increased frequencies. Two such genes, MYD88 and CD79B, implicate the involvement of the NF-kB (nuclear factor kappa-light-chain enhancer of activated B cells) pathway, ...
Source: Current Opinion in Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: NEOPLASMS: Edited by Antonio Omuro Source Type: research
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