Predominance of high-risk human papillomavirus genotype 16 and 39 in women with premalignant and malignant cervical pathology from Raipur, Chhattisgarh: Clinical evaluation of tagging oligonucleotide cleavage and extension mediated genotyping assay

Conclusion: Anyplex HR-HPV assay is arguably the useful assay for better patient management and can be useful for HR-HPV screening by its unique individual genotype identification of all HR-HPV. Finding of HPV 16, 39, 18, 33 and coinfection of 16,18 and 16, 18, 33 in CIN and CC would help vaccine manufacturer to design specific future HPV polyvalent vaccine preparation to curb down the CC-associated mortality.
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: July 2019Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 115Author(s): Lili Song, Shikai Liu, Hairong Yao, Liang Zhang, Ying Li, Dongkui Xu, Qian LiAbstractThe current study was undertaken to investigate the potential influence of methylation on miR-362-5p/3p expression and further analyzed their independent prognostic value in cervical adenocarcinoma (ADC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) respectively. SiHa and CaSki cells were used as the in vitro cell model. In silico bioinformatic analysis was conducted via the combined use of the Cancer Genome Atlas-Cervical Cancer (TCGA-CESC), Starbase 3.0 and Str...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract The current study was undertaken to investigate the potential influence of methylation on miR-362-5p/3p expression and further analyzed their independent prognostic value in cervical adenocarcinoma (ADC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) respectively. SiHa and CaSki cells were used as the in vitro cell model. In silico bioinformatic analysis was conducted via the combined use of the Cancer Genome Atlas-Cervical Cancer (TCGA-CESC), Starbase 3.0 and String 10.5. Results revealed that the downregulation of miR-362-5p/3p was accompanied by the infection of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) and their exp...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research
Santosh K. Ghosh1*, Thomas S. McCormick1,2 and Aaron Weinberg1* 1Biological Sciences, School of Dental Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States 2Dermatology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States Human beta-defensins (hBDs, −1, 2, 3) are a family of epithelial cell derived antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) that protect mucosal membranes from microbial challenges. In addition to their antimicrobial activities, they possess other functions; e.g., cell activation, proliferation, regulation of cytokine/chemokine production, migration, diffe...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We report a case of misdiagnosed endometrial cancer by D&C, but with a positive cytopathological finding. Following that, a meta-analysis including 4,179 patients of endometrial diseases with cyto-histopathological results was performed to assess the value of the endometrial cytological method in endometrial cancer diagnosis. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of the cytological method in detecting endometrial atypical hyperplasia or cancer was 0.91[95% confidence interval (CI) 0.74–0.97] and 0.96 (95% CI 0.90–0.99), respectively. The pooled positive likelihood ratio and negative likelihood ratio was 25.4 (...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Objective A hospital-based multicenter, retrospective study was conducted to compare the distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and cervical adenocarcinoma (CADC) in China. Methods Paraffin-embedded tissue blocks diagnosed as SCC and CADC across China were collected, as well as the total number of diagnosed invasive cervical cancer of the 9 selected centers. DNA enzyme immunoassay, reverse hybridization, and multiplex type-specific polymerase chain reaction were used for HPV genotyping. Results The ratios of CADC to SCC were increasing from 2005 to 2010, in parallel with HPV pre...
Source: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease - Category: OBGYN Tags: Original Research Articles: Cervix and HPV Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results suggest that the lung tumor patients have high prevalence of HPV and the virus is not only present but also active in tumor cells. Therefore, the HPV is probably playing a role in lung carcinogenesis.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract Punch biopsy is important in the diagnosis of cervical cancer. However, it may fail to detect early cervical cancers. A retrospective study was performed in the largest academic women's hospital in China to demonstrate cervical cancer that colposcopy-directed biopsy failed to detect. Methods. Patients who were diagnosed with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL), adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS), and persistent low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) via colposcopy-directed biopsy and had further undergone loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) conization were included. These proc...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Abstract Human papillomavirus infection is the precursor for the development of cervical cancer and is detectable in 99.7% of squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma cases. Early detection of precancerous lesions with Papanicolaou testing remains the primary mechanism for cancer prevention. Once cervical cancer is diagnosed, treatment may involve surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination. The choice of therapy depends on the stage of disease, lymph node involvement, patient comorbidities, and risk factors for recurrence. Early-stage, microinvasive disease may be treated with surgery alone if ma...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
Abstract HPV‐16 and ‐18 account for about 80% of cervical cancers. We evaluated the performance of HPV‐16/18 oncoprotein to predict precancer and cancer in corresponding tissue biopsy specimens. 1008 women attending cervical cancer screening program and 638 women referred to colposcopy with biopsy‐confirmed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN2+) from 4 hospitals were recruited (1646 in total). All women were tested OncoE6 (AVC), Liquid Based Cytology (Hologic) and cobas HPV test (Roche). Colposcopy was performed on women with any abnormal results. The final diagnoses were based on a consensus p...
Source: International Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
In conclusion, compared with CTC screening on its own, complementary HR-HPV testing is an effective method for screening for cervical cancer. The infection rate of HPV16, -52, -58, -33 and -18 was high among patients with cervical cytological abnormalities. Multi-type infection adds to the risk of malignancies. In Liaocheng, high-risk groups were aged 26-30 and 51-55. Attention should be paid during the screening and follow-up visits of these groups. PMID: 29375696 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
More News: Adenocarcinoma | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Cancer Vaccines | Carcinoma | Cervical Cancer | Cervical Cancer Vaccine | Colposcopy | Cytology | Epidemiology | Genital Warts | Human Papillomavirus (HPV) | India Health | Microbiology | Pathology | Skin Cancer | Squamous Cell Carcinoma | Study | Vaccines | Women