South Africa: Asylum Seeker Appeals Hospital Decision to Stop Dialysis
[GroundUp] On 11 October the Johannesburg High Court handed down a judgment upholding a decision by Helen Joseph Hospital to discontinue life-saving dialysis treatment for an asylum seeker. Lawyers for the asylum seeker are preparing an appeal.
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ConclusionsOur study found that the decision-making process in ESRD is multifactorial and involves not only medical factors, but also assessment of social factors, quality of life, and patient/family preference. Bettering our understanding of this decision-making process will positively impact patients and families through more informed decision-making.
AbstractCardiovascular disease (CVD) is a life-limiting comorbidity in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In childhood, imaging studies have demonstrated early phenotypic characteristics including increases in left ventricular mass, carotid artery intima-media thickness, and pulse wave velocity, which occur even in young children with early stages of CKD. Vascular calcifications are the signature of an advanced phenotype and are mainly found in adolescents and young adults treated with dialysis. Association studies have provided valuable information regarding the significance of a multitude of risk factors in prom...
AbstractBackgroundEnteral feeding by tube in chronic kidney disease (CKD) before 2 years of age improves growth. Whether it is effective after this age is unknown. We assessed whether height and weight SDS changed after tube feeding was started in children with CKD above 2 years of age.MethodsRetrospective study of pre-transplant, pre-pubertal children (
ConclusionsThe 20-year follow-up analysis of pediatric renal care services in European countries revealed that pediatric nephrology has become a well-established subspecialty in pediatrics and nephrology in 2017. The ESPN will continue its efforts to further improve pediatric renal care for European children by harmonizing remaining disparities of renal care services.
ConclusionsFor closed-circuit dialysis using an RBC solution, the formula [dialysate flow rate (mL/min) × time of dialysis (min)]/extracorporeal volume (mL) would be a better parameter to estimate efficacy, compared with other metrics. Additionally, the citrate concentration can be readily estimated from the ionized calcium concentration during closed-circuit dialysis.
ConclusionAlthough feasible in children with a colostomy, chronic PD is associated with an increased risk of peritonitis and mortality. Continued efforts to reduce infection risk for this complex patient population are essential.
An economic analysis of the dialysis industry shows how the usual benefits of mergers are negated in the healthcare industry by imprudent financial incentives and lack of true competitive market forces.Medscape Nephrology
ConclusionsThe pharmacokinetic data obtained from this pilot study demonstrate significant quantities of meropenem and piperacillin are removed during a SLED-HDF session. This may lead to subtherapeutic concentrations of piperacillin and meropenem over the duration of HDF session.Trial registrationAustralasian Clinical Trials Registry Network (ACTRN12616000078459)
We examined patients with chronic kidney disease and severe aortic stenosis undergoing SAVR or TAVR procedure between 2007-2017; excluding age90, dialysis, endocarditis, non-aortic valve stenosis, or patients died within 48-hours post-procedure.