Current recommendations for surveillance, risk reduction and therapy in Lynch syndrome patients.

CONCLUSION:  LS colonic and extracolonic clinical management, surveillance and therapy are complex and several aspects remain unclear. In the future, surveillance and clinical management need to be more tailored to gene and gender. Future prospective trials are needed. PMID: 31739377 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Zeitschrift fur Gastroenterologie - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Z Gastroenterol Source Type: research

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Abstract The pathogenesis and prognosis of glioblastoma (GBM) remain poorly understood. Mutual exclusivity analysis can distinguish driver genes and pathways from passenger ones. The purpose of this study was to identify mutually exclusive gene sets (MEGSs) that have prognostic value and to detect novel driver genes in GBM. The genomic alteration profile and clinical information were derived from The Cancer Genome Atlas, and the MEGSA method was used to identify the MEGS. Next, we performed survival analysis and constructed a risk prediction model for prognostic stratification. Leave-one-out cross-validation and p...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Abstract Human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) is an available tumor biomarker mainly for detecting ovarian cancer. However, it is unknown whether it can be a novel indicator for diagnosis of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of serum HE4 as a novel biomarker for DKD in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We enrolled 236 patients with T2DM and 82 healthy individuals. Serum HE4 was detected by ARCHITECT i2000 and compared between T2DM patients and healthy controls. The relationships between various variables and HE4 were analyzed by univariate or multivari...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
taf M Abstract A- and D-ring-modified luotonin-inspired heterocycles have been synthesized and were evaluated for their activity against the viability of four cancer cell lines in vitro, namely, MCF7, HCT116, JURKAT, and NCI-H460. The analysis of results indicated that two of the synthesized derivatives displayed good inhibition against the growth of the human colon cancer HCT116 cell line, with potencies lower than but in the same order of magnitude as camptothecin (CPT). These two luotonin analogues also showed an activity similar to that of the highly potent alkaloid CPT as inhibitors of topoisomerase I and als...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Radiation can induce vasogenic edema and is associated with the RBI occurrence and development. VEGF protein is highly relevant to the induction of edema and thrombosis in the acute phase of RBI and in the early delayed phase of RBI, including vascular repair and regeneration, thrombus ablation and other events. Human recombinant endostatin can reduce the progression of cerebral edema during the early onset of RBI. PMID: 31816619 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Luis F. Ponce, Karina García-Martínez, Kalet LeónAbstractIL-1 system is involved in the induction and maintenance of chronic inflammation associated with several autoimmune diseases and cancer, mainly due to its capacity to promote the secretion of inflammatory mediators. For this reason, several intracellular and extracellular mechanisms for this system have been fixed during the evolution. In spite of the large description of molecular interactions between IL-1 ligands and receptors, little is known abo...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Galizia G, Auricchio A, de Vita F, Cardella F, Mabilia A, Basile N, Orditura M, Lieto E Abstract PURPOSE: Oncological outcome depends not only on tumor behaviour but also on nutritional and immune-inflammatory host status. Data in gastric cancer are limited. The main aim of this study was to prospectively assess Naples prognostic score (NPS) in gastric cancer patients. NPS was also compared with prognostic nutritional index (PNI), controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score and systemic inflammation score (SIS). METHODS: Overall survival (OS) and complication rates of 415 patients undergoing gastric c...
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These data impose a closer follow-up of smokers and pre-neoplastic cases and the utility of the broadspectrum polymerase chain reaction assay in laryngeal dysplastic and cancer lesions. This study may allow to develop biomarkers for early detection or recurrence surveillance, to identify therapeutic targets, and to begin individualization of treatment based on the biology of these tumours. KEY WORDS: HPV infection, Larynx, Laryngeal chronic hyperplastic inflammation, Squamous cell carcinoma. PMID: 31814599 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
Authors: Schönhofer B, Geiseler J, Dellweg D, Fuchs H, Moerer O, Weber-Carstens S, Westhoff M, Windisch W, Hirschfeld-Araujo J, Janssens U, Rollnik J, Rosseau S, Schreiter D, Sitter H, Weitere beteiligte wissenschaftliche Fachgesellschaften und Institutionen: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Anästhesiologie und Intensivmedizin e. V. (DGAI), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Chirurgie e. V. (DGCH), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ernährungsmedizin e. V. (DGEM), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geriatrie e. V. (DGG), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internistische Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin e. V. (DGII...
Source: Pneumologie - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research
Authors: Geiseler J, Westhoff M, Dellweg D, Voshaar T, Hetzel M, Pfeifer M PMID: 31816641 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pneumologie - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research
Source: Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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