Aortic Valve Replacement with Bovine Pericardium in Patients with Aortic Valve Regurgitation.

This study aimed to analyze the early and mid-term outcomes of aortic valve replacement with bovine pericardium in the treatment of aortic valve regurgitation.From January 2015 to March 2018, 36 patients (19 men; mean ± standard deviation [SD] age, 46.70 ± 16.60 years) underwent aortic valve replacement with bovine pericardium. The bovine pericardium was intraoperatively measured and shaped using an Ozaki template, according to the shape and size of the individual patient's aortic valve leaflets. Additional procedures were performed, including ventricular septal defect repair in 5 cases, mitral valve reconstruction in 6 cases, tricuspid valve reconstruction in 6 cases, and coronary artery bypass grafting in 3 cases.There were no perioperative deaths. One elderly patient with postoperative respiratory failure recovered after symptomatic treatment. One patient with frequent ventricular tachycardia after intraoperative cardiac re-jump underwent intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP), and the IABP device was successfully removed on the second postoperative day. Within the first 6 months of follow-up, there were no death events, no reoperation events, and no additional thromboembolic events. Follow-up echocardiography was performed for 6 months, with average left ventricular ejection fraction of 62.01 ± 3.21%, mean transvalvular pressure gradient of 11.17 ± 4.90 mmHg, and mean aortic valve velocity of 1.60 ± 0.58 m/s. Compared with the preo...
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research

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Condition:   Parastomal Hernia Intervention:   Procedure: Laparascopic repair of parastomal hernia Sponsor:   Aalborg University Hospital Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
In this study, we developed an ulnar-musculocutaneous nerve-transfer model wherein the biceps muscle of a mouse was re-innervated using a donor ulnar nerve. Similar muscle action potentials were detected in both the end-to-end suture of the transected nerve (correctrepair) group and the ulnar-musculocutaneous nerve-transfer group. Also, re-innervated acetylcholine receptor (AChR) clusters and muscle spindles were observed in both procedures. There were fewer re-innervated AChR clusters in the nerve transfer group than in the correct repair group at 4 weeks, but the numbers were equal at 24 weeks following surgery. Thus, ou...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Source Type: research
This study mainly explored the mechanism of TRPC5 gene in the treatment of spinal cord ischemia reperfusion injury from the perspective of angiogenesis. Western blot, immunohistochemistry, hematoxylin and eosin, ELISA, and reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) were used to detect the expression levels of related angiogenic proteins such as von Willebrend factor (vWF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), CD31, and HIF-1α. The results showed that compared with the IR group, the Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan scores of IR + adeno-associated virus (AAV) + TRPC5 group were higher with significant difference. And compar...
Source: NeuroReport - Category: Neurology Tags: Cellular, Molecular and Developmental Neuroscience Source Type: research
Hyperactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and impairment of the central corticotropin-releasing factor system are factors in the pathogenesis of depression. Though several antagonists of the corticotropin-releasing factor 1 receptor were effective in the recognized behavioral tests for antidepressant activity, there is still little information on the potential interactions between corticotropin-releasing factor 1 receptor inhibitors and conventional antidepressant therapy. The aim of our study was to assess the influence of CP154526, a corticotropin-releasing factor 1 receptor blocker, which presented some s...
Source: NeuroReport - Category: Neurology Tags: Degeneration and Repair Source Type: research
Light-induced retinal degeneration (LIRD) models are used to recapitulate the pathologies of retinal diseases that affect photoreceptors. Current LIRD models use a dark-adaptation period of 7–14 days followed by high-intensity light exposure. The purpose of this study was to determine whether photoreceptor damage and death would occur in pigmented zebrafish using a short period of dark-adaptation. Zebrafish were dark-adapted for 24 h and then exposed to constant high-intensity light for 48 h. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed on vertical retinal sections to assess damage and apoptosis. Photoreceptors exhibit...
Source: NeuroReport - Category: Neurology Tags: Degeneration and Repair Source Type: research
In this study, the effects of berberine on rotenone-induced neurotoxicity in SH-SY5Y cells were investigated. The results showed that berberine treatment significantly alleviated rotenone-induced decrease in the cell viability in SH-SY5Y cells. Further studies demonstrated that berberine suppressed the production of intracellular reactive oxygen species, restored the mitochondrial transmembrane potential, increased Bcl-2/Bax ratio, and decreased caspase-3 activation that induced by rotenone. Furthermore, berberine also restored the phosphorylation of Akt, which was downregulated by rotenone in SH-SY5Y cells. These results ...
Source: NeuroReport - Category: Neurology Tags: Degeneration and Repair Source Type: research
The long noncoding RNA, steroid receptor RNA activator (SRA), has been reported to be involved in the development of many types of disease in humans. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether SRA was associated with poststroke depression (PSD). A PSD rat model was established, and depression-like behaviors and sucrose consumption in rats with PSD were analyzed. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-PCR), western blot and luciferase dual reporter assay analyses were performed to detect the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) expression following SRA small interfering RNA (...
Source: NeuroReport - Category: Neurology Tags: Degeneration and Repair Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 November 2019Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial SurgeryAuthor(s): Jaideep Singh Chauhan, Sarwpriya SharmaAbstractIn synchronous primary premaxillary setback and cleft lip repair for bilateral cases with severely protruding premaxilla, stabilization of the premaxilla is mostly achieved by gingivoperiosteoplasty. This kind of repair carries risk of impairment of blood supply to the premaxilla and/or prolabium, and at the same time it cannot ensure adequate stabilization of the premaxilla postoperatively. To overcome these problems, we have developed a unique technique of fixation of...
Source: Journal of Cranio Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionsOrbital floor reconstruction performed via transmaxillary endoscopy is a safe technique, which allows for detailed visualization of the fracture rim, avoids external scars, and permits an easier reduction of the prolapsed orbital content into the overlying orbital cavity. Virtual planning plays an important role in defining the appropriate geometry of the bone graft and establishing the optimal reconstruction strategy. Our preliminary results indicate that virtual planning and 3D printing should become part of an integrated protocol for the endoscopic treatment of orbital floor fractures.
Source: Journal of Cranio Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
We report the case of a 75-year-old man with a sinotubular junction pseudoaneurysm, likely developed after coronary artery bypass grafting, which was successfully treated by implanting a multifenestrated cribriform septal occluder, a device already used in few similar cases.
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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