The associations between screen time-based sedentary behavior and depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Wang X, Li Y, Fan H.

BACKGROUND: The use of computers/TV has become increasingly common worldwide after entering the twenty-first century and depression represents a growing public health burden. Understanding the association between screen time-based sedentary behavior (ST-SB...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

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In conclusion, the study indicates that MFX relieves a depressive-like state in LPS-induced mice through the inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome and the enhancement of the neurogenesis pathway. PMID: 31814820 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and BehaviorAuthor(s): Satoshi Deyama, Ronald S. DumanAbstractClinical and preclinical studies have demonstrated that depression, one of the most common psychiatric illnesses, is associated with reduced levels of neurotrophic factors, including brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), contributing to neuronal atrophy in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus, and reduced hippocampal adult neurogenesis. Conventional monoaminergic antidepressants can block/reverse, at least partially, these ...
Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Onal Y, Samanci C Abstract BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic depression (HD) is a condition that can be encountered after carotid stenting (CAS) and carotid angioplasty (CAP) due to manipulation of the carotid sinus. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the carotid bifurcation geometry and angles, or changes in angles, were associated with this HD in patients undergoing CAS and CAP. METHODS: Sixty-two patients with a mean age of 71.1 ± 7.4 years, who underwent CAS and CAP for carotid stenosis were included in the study. HD was defined as periprocedural hypotension (systolic blood pressure
Source: International Angiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Angiol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Julia A. Camilleri, Felix Hoffstaedter, Maxim Zavorotny, Rebecca Zöllner, Robert Christian Wolf, Philipp Thomann, Ronny Redlich, Nils Opel, Udo Dannlowski, Michael Groezinger, Traute Demirakca, Alexander Sartorius, Simon B. Eickhoff, Thomas Nickl-JockschatAbstractA growing number of recent studies have suggested that the neuroplastic effects of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) might be prominent enough to be detected through changes of regional gray matter volume (GMV) during the course of the treatment. Given that ECT patients are...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 March 2020Source: Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 155Author(s): Edward C. Chang, Weiyi Tian, Xinying Jiang, Shangwen Yi, Jiting Liu, Yuetong Bai, Chang Liu, Xuchi Luo, Weijia Wang, Olivia D. Chang, Mingqi Li, Jameson K. HirschAbstractIn the present study, we examined whether social problem-solving processes would add predictive utility over loneliness in accounting for unique variance in ill-being (viz., depressive symptoms &suicide behavior) and well-being (viz., life satisfaction &positive affect) in a sample of 230 females. Results of hierarchical regression analyses indicated ...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 March 2020Source: Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 155Author(s): Angelina R. Sutin, Damaris Aschwanden, Yannick Stephan, Antonio TerraccianoAbstractMomentary lapses in memory, perception, or action, known as cognitive failures, are relatively common. These lapses may reflect, in part, aspects of psychological functioning, such as personality traits. The present research addresses how Five Factor Model personality traits and facets are associated with cognitive failures, and whether these associations are accounted for by depressed affect. Participants (N = 5,133; 50% female) who ...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 69Author(s): Joanna B. Thompson, Shannon E. Conrad, Carmen Torres, Mauricio R. PapiniAbstractVarious sources of stress induce alcohol intake in rodents, including inescapable shocks, physical restraint, and reward loss. One hypothesis maintains that alcohol intake increases because its anxiolytic properties reduce negative emotion. A series of experiments explored this hypothesis using escapable vs. inescapable exposure to the well-lit circular platform of a Barnes maze in a master/yoked (M/Y) design, with pairs of rats matched in the amount of time on ...
Source: Learning and Motivation - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
A massive review of outpatient radiology and nuclear medicine services in the...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: VA endorses AI research with new institute VA: Delay in patient diagnosis leads to suicide VA identifies radiology reporting delays at Kan. hospital Did VA hospitals cancel valid radiology orders to clear backlog? Veterans get inappropriate prostate imaging outside VA
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Conclusions: The evidence-based challenges and proposed solutions addressed by this umbrella review can inform the next generation of research into preventive treatments for psychosis.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions: Clinical guidance around combined treatment (psychotherapy plus ADMs) should be reconsidered. CBT alone is superior to IPT alone and to combined treatment, while IPT alone is non-inferior to combined treatment. More research is needed to assess the moderating effect of older age and number of previous episodes on IPT efficacy. The Study in Context: CVS Health: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) apps may help you more than sleeping pills Growing research aims at helping cancer patients in distress access most-likely-to-help self-care options, from Mindfulness training to Web-based cognitive behavioral therapy...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness cognitive behavioural therapy face-to-face therapy interpersonal psychotherapy major depression psychiatry Source Type: blogs
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