Action needed on rising rates of suicide among ex-prisoners

Ten people die each week in the UK following supervised release from prison Related items fromOnMedica Charity slams prison healthcare Mental health: vital next steps on the path to parity Mental health funding gap widens further Report unveils major shake up of women's mental health care All inpatients with learning disability or autism to get case reviews
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news

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Background: Suicide is the second leading cause of death in young people worldwide. Self-harm is the strongest predictor of death by suicide. There is increasing evidence that psychological therapies are efficacious in treating self-harm in adolescents. However, studies so far have predominantly focused on highly selective groups of adolescents and have investigated interventions that require intensive training and considerable expense.Methods: We conducted a pilot study of a novel psychological therapy package, Specialized Therapeutic Assessment-Based Recovery-Focused Treatment (START) that consists of Therapeutic Assessm...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may be at higher risk for psychiatric disorders and suicide attempt, according to a large, population-basedstudy published inJAMA Pediatrics.The risk for psychiatric disorders and suicide among children with IBD was greater when compared with siblings without IBD, indicating that the risk is likely related to IBD itself and not to genetic or environmental factors shared with siblings."Particularly concerning is the increased risk of suicide attempt," wrote Agnieszka Butwicka, M.D., Ph.D., of the Karolinska Institute in Sweden and colleagues. "Long-term psycholog...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ADHD anxiety autism Crohn's disease IBD inflammatory bowel disease mood disorders personality disorders suicide ulcerative colitis Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury  (NSSI) describes a phenomenon where individuals inflict deliberate pain and tissue damage to their bodies. Self-injurious behaviour is especially prevalent across the autism spectrum, but little is understood about the...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
ConclusionsAlexithymia, depression, anxiety and sensory differences may place some autistic individuals at especial risk of self-injury. Investigating the involvement of these variables and their utility for identification and treatment is of high importance, and the voices of participants offer guidance to practitioners confronted with NSSI  in their autistic clients.
Source: Molecular Autism - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe association of isotretinoin exposure with prenatal developmental toxicity is well established. Though numerous reports also link isotretinoin treatment with psychiatric side effects, this association remains controversial. The extent to which isotretinoin influences pediatric and adult development and cognition, and whether and why certain individuals may be susceptible to psychiatric side effects, remains to be clarified.
Source: Current Therapeutic Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsGlia are most probably activated in primates with self ‐injury, and are therefore potential novel targets for therapeutics.
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - Category: Disability Authors: Tags: Special Issue Source Type: research
Abstract Research on individuals severely affected by autism, including those who are minimally verbal, have intellectual disability or challenging behaviors, has become less common. The Autism Inpatient Collection (AIC) was initiated so data on this group is available to the research community. Ten studies utilizing phenotypic data from the first 350 AIC participants are presented. Greater autism severity, sleep disturbance, and psychiatric disorders are risks for hospitalization; fluently verbal youth experience more depression and oppositional symptoms; lower adaptive/coping skills are associated with increased...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
Women with intellectual and developmental disabilities have nearly double the rate of having another baby within a year Related items fromOnMedica NHS funding boost to support new mothers ’ mental health Maternal suicides remain a concern, report shows Valproate in pregnancy linked to raised autism risk Doctors urged to spot victims of trafficking Preterm birth risk higher after PTSD and major depression
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
This article discusses options for closing the mortality gap between the general population and people with major psychiatric conditions such as psychosis, autism, learning disability and dementia. Most of the mortality (85%) involves physical disease, with most deaths occurring in general hospitals or care homes, so is relevant to all doctors. The main focus of psychiatric treatments has been to reduce suicide, although there is no evidence that they achieve this. This article calls for psychiatrists to collaborate with medical colleagues to help reduce excess deaths from physical causes. The practicalities of combined ph...
Source: British Journal of Hospital Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Br J Hosp Med (Lond) Source Type: research
This report would examine developments at the state and federal-level, court cases, and current views from stakeholders. Policy Questions Which states have PAS laws and what do those laws provide? What protections against abuse of PAS?What have the Supreme Court and lower courts held regarding individuals’ rights under PAS laws? The laws themselves?Is there evidence that persons with disabilities are being denied treatment by insurance companies but offered PAS instead, as NCD predicted?How is PAS viewed by disability organizations? Has this evolved in the past 13 years? If so why? If not, why?Are persons with disabi...
Source: blog.bioethics.net - Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs
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