Ceftriaxone versus ampicillin/sulbactam for the treatment of aspiration-associated pneumonia in adults.

Conclusion: Further studies are needed to compare CTRX and ABPC/SBT treatments in patients with aspiration-associated pneumonia. PMID: 31736321 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Comp Eff Res Source Type: research

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Authors: Guo L, Chen B, Zhang L, Deng Y, Li H, Shi QD Abstract A 49-year-old female patient developed chest tightness and shortness of breath without apparent cause and presented to a local hospital. Chest radiography indicated increased thickening of the lung texture, increased multiple patchy densities in the lower lobes of the bilateral lungs and a slightly enlarged thyroid. The patient was treated for pulmonary infection with antibiotics but the symptoms persisted. A repeated CT scan revealed ground-glass attenuation of the bilateral lungs with multiple flaky exudates and visible bronchogenic signs. The symptom...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Bilateral lung parenchymal involvement is seen in infective as well as noninfective conditions, appearing as focal or diffuse lung disease. PET/CT with FDG helps in characterization (increased glucose utilization is seen by both inflammatory and neoplastic cells). In this article, we describe the spectrum of patterns of FDG uptake and associated CT changes involving bilateral lung parenchyma. Benign conditions described are aspiration pneumonia; pulmonary toxicity by bleomycin; infections, namely, sarcoidosis, miliary pulmonary tuberculosis, and pulmonary nocardiosis; and inflammatory conditions such as pulmonary Langerhan...
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: During the last century, AADRs among males declined more slowly than among females. Although the gap diminished in recent decades, exploration of social and behavioral factors may inform interventions that could further reduce death rates among males. PMID: 31804898 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research
We report a case of a young male admitted with H1N1 infection complicated by pneumomediastinum. He was treated successfully with oseltamivir, high-flow oxygen and prompt care in the intensive care unit. PMID: 31808456 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh - Category: General Medicine Tags: J R Coll Physicians Edinb Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: American Journal of Kidney DiseasesAuthor(s): Junichi Ishigami, Yingying Sang, Morgan E. Grams, Josef Coresh, Alex Chang, Kunihiro MatsushitaRationale &ObjectiveInfluenza vaccination is recommended for all adults but particularly for older adults and those with high-risk conditions. Reduced kidney function is an important high-risk condition, but the effectiveness of influenza vaccination across kidney function is uncharacterized. We assessed the effectiveness of influenza vaccination among older adults with and without reduced kidney function.Study DesignObserv...
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe presence of Candida spp airway colonization is associated with longer durations of mechanical ventilation, higher 28-day mortality, higher ICU mortality, and probably longer ICU length of stay compared with the absence of colonization in patients with VAP.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: George E, Rajalakshmi A Abstract Melioidosis is an infectious disease caused by gram negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. It is a soil and water pathogen and transmitted to humans through inoculation or inhalation. This disease is considered endemic in India and largely remains under reported. The most common presentation is pneumonia and bacteraemia, which can present acutely and as septic shock. Chronic presentation include-abscess, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis. The major risk factors are diabetes, liver disease, renal disease, chronic lung disease. In this article 18 cases have been reviewed...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Extending the duration of TMP-SMX prophylaxis was not associated with change in frequency of UTIs or multi-drug-resistant UTIs, nor was it associated with increased adverse events. TMP-SMX is an effective PCP prophylaxis, and these data support recommendations to extend the duration of prophylaxis after transplant. PMID: 31806862 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annals of Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Transplant Source Type: research
Hospital deaths down from 20% in 2009 to 10% in 2019, but readmissions and admissions to emergency care still rising Related items fromOnMedica National lung disease plan needed to help ease winter pressures, experts urge Northern Ireland GP patients encourage self-care NHS must improve access to screening to save lives Emergency admissions at end of life set to sky rocket Future Hospital sites focus on frail elderly
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
ConclusionsLevels of antibiotic knowledge varied between ethnic groups, but a lower level of antibiotic knowledge did not correspond with a higher number of antibiotic prescriptions.
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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