Extrapelvic Sciatic Nerve Endometriosis, the Role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Case Report and Systematic Review

We report a case of an endometrioma located in the right SN with a systematic review of the literature.
Source: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography - Category: Radiology Tags: Neuro/Head and Neck Imaging Source Type: research

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AbstractDeeply infiltrative endometriosis (DIE) is a common gynecologic disease affecting women of reproductive age and often causing chronic pelvic pain and infertility. Clinical treatment options and preventive actions are ineffective due to the lack of knowledge about the etiology of DIE. Surgical treatment is currently the only alternative to eradicate the disease. Diagnostic imaging plays a crucial role for surgical planning and postoperative evaluation. Transvaginal sonography (TVS) with a dedicated protocol and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to evaluate recurrent disease. Extensive pelvic surgery may c...
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2020Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology, Volume 27, Issue 2Author(s): Lara Quintas, Sergi Vidal-Sicart, Rafael Salvador, Camil Castelo-Branco, Adela Saco, Francisco CarmonaABSTRACTExtrapelvic endometriosis is a rare and usually misdiagnosed entity. Some extrapelvic endometriotic lesions are small and nonpalpable, which makes them difficult to locate and remove. Here, we report the use of radioactive seed localization to locate and guide the excision of a small, nonpalpable endometriotic lesion. A 32-year-old woman presented with disabling pain in the right inguinal area. Magnetic res...
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionExtrapelvic endometriosis, traditionally thought to be rare, has been reported in a considerable number of cases. Heightened awareness and clinical suspicion of the disease and a multidisciplinary approach are recommended to achieve a prompt diagnosis and optimize patient outcomes. Currently, there are no comparative studies to provide recommendations regarding optimal diagnostic methods, treatment options, and outcomes for endometriosis involving extrapelvic sites.
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionAppendicular endometriosis can present as a submucosal tumor in the cecum without any abdominal symptoms. Appendicular endometriosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of ileocecal submucosal tumor. Single-incision laparoscopic ileocolectomy was useful procedure for cecum tumor resection.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
We reported two cases of endometriosis of the abdominal wall, with subcutaneous and intramuscular localization, that became symptomatic a few years after a cesarean intervention. These cases have a clinical pattern quite similar to cutaneous endometriosis, but they are more difficult to diagnose through physical examination because they are barely palpable. In this sense, coupled with suggestive symptoms, ultrasound examination can confirm the clinical suspicion of endometriosis without the use of computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging.
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
In this study, we determined the concentrations of 11 pesticides, metabolites of organophosphate and pyrethroid insecticides, and phenoxy herbicides, in urine collected from 619 reproductive-age women in Utah and California, using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The association of urinary concentrations of pesticides with an increase in the odds of endometriosis diagnosis was examined in 594 women who underwent laparoscopy/laparotomy (operative cohort: n = 471) or pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (population cohort: n = 123), during 2007-2009. 2-Isopropyl-4-methyl-6-hydroxypyrimidine (I...
Source: Environment International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research
S Shanmuga Jayanthan, G Shashikala, N ArathiIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2019 29(4):457-461 Endometriosis is defined as the presence of ectopic endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. It is a benign condition commonly observed in women of the reproductive age group. It can occur in both pelvic and extra-pelvic sites. Moreover, pelvic endometriosis is relatively common, as compared to extra-pelvic endometriosis. The most frequent site for pelvic endometriosis is ovary. It can also affect rectum, uterosacral ligaments, rectovaginal septum, urinary bladder. Extra-pelvic endometriosis is rare and when it occ...
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of a new imaging sign, the “cloverleaf sign,” in diagnosing deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in concordance to intraoperative findings. Materials and Methods This retrospective study included 103 patients operated during the January 2016 to June 2018 period with preoperative 1.5 T and 3 T MRI, with or without vaginal and rectal gel filling. Magnetic resonance imaging scans were read blinded to intraoperative findings by a specialized gynecologic radiologist and a junior radiologist, and then compare...
Source: Investigative Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Endometriosis is a common disease of reproductive-age women that is often first encountered with ultrasound. Therefore, familiarity with the variety of manifestations of endometriosis is important for appropriate diagnosis and management. The aim of this article is to review the spectrum of appearance of pelvic endometriosis and to discuss potential mimics on ultrasound. Given that magnetic resonance imaging is an important problem-solving tool in female pelvic imaging, magnetic resonance imaging correlation is also provided.
Source: Ultrasound Quarterly - Category: Radiology Tags: Pictorial Essay Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Both TVS and MRI showed high diagnostic accuracy for rectosigmoid deeply infiltrating endometriosis lesions. There is no strong evidence suggesting that the two diagnostic methods might differ in specificity or sensitivity, but enhanced techniques may increase the accuracy measures. PMID: 31767378 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research
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