Unusual Presentation of Myeloid Sarcoma in a Patient With Usher Syndrome

A 45-year-old woman with Usher syndrome, associated congenital deafness, progressive blindness due to retinitis pigmentosa, and latent autoimmune diabetes presented to the emergency department with malaise, dizziness, and pelvic pain following removal of an intrauterine device. A posterior vaginal wall mass was found on examination. Laboratory values demonstrated anemia, thrombocytopenia, and an elevated white blood cell count, raising concern for infection and potential onset of diabetic ketoacidosis. This prompted a peripheral blood smear review, which showed 60% monocytic blasts. A subsequent vaginal mass biopsy showed a myeloid sarcoma. Molecular studies demonstrated an NPM1 mutation in exon 12 without FLT3 mutation or internal tandem duplication. While a diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia with mutated NPM1 was considered, cytogenetics revealed a complex karyotype with evidence of clonal evolution, consistent with acute myeloid leukemia with myelodysplasia-related changes. In addition to an unusual presentation of myeloid sarcoma, this case posed significant questions regarding management and pursuit of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Usher syndrome is genetically and clinically heterogeneous. While it is not known to be associated with increased risk of malignancy, mutation of genes associated with Usher syndrome has been identified in acute leukemia. Our case raises the question as to whether potential germline predisposition should be considered in a patient ...
Source: Pathology Case Reviews - Category: Pathology Tags: Case Reviews Source Type: research

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Source: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Comp Eff Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Data suggest different roles of opioidergic system and their antagonist in pain control and mood in PTSD. However, further investigations need to be done in order to reveal the role of endogenous opioidergic system and opioidergic antagonist system as a mediator in PTSD patients suffering from acute or chronic pain. PMID: 32492768 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Source: Histology and Histopathology - Category: Cytology Tags: Histol Histopathol Source Type: research
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