Effects of pregabalin on spinal fusion

ConclusionsHistological analysis and manual palpation results showed inhibition of spinal fusion formation with high doses of pregabalin. According to these results, administration of high-dose pregabalin should be avoided at the postoperative period until successful fusion is obtained in patients who undergo spinal fusion surgery.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under electronic supplementary material.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

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By SAURABH JHA, MD Slumdog TB No one knows who gave Rahul Roy tuberculosis. Roy’s charmed life as a successful trader involved traveling in his Mercedes C class between his apartment on the plush Nepean Sea Road in South Mumbai and offices in Bombay Stock Exchange. He cared little for Mumbai’s weather. He seldom rolled down his car windows – his ambient atmosphere, optimized for his comfort, rarely changed. Historically TB, or “consumption” as it was known, was a Bohemian malady; the chronic suffering produced a rhapsody which produced fine art. TB was fashionable in Victorian Britain...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence Health Tech Saurabh Jha TB tuberculosis Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsldCT identifies evidence of radiographic change in a significant proportion of nr-axSpA cases and is highly specific for axSpA. MRI-BMO lesions are more sensitive than either conventional radiography or MRI-structural assessment for axSpA. The relative position of these imaging modalities in screening for axSpA needs to be reconsidered, also taking into account the costs involved.Key Points•ldCT is more sensitive for erosions or sclerosis in axSpA than plain radiography, with 44% of patients with nr-axSpA having evidence of AS-related sacroiliac joint changes on ldCT.•MRI-structural lesions are no more...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe results of this retrospective study suggest that the 45S5 BAG may be an interesting alternative option to autologous graft, in terms of safety and bone fusion efficiency.Level of evidenceIV Retrospective study
Source: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
We present the case of a 14-year-old male with a 2-week history of pain located at the tibial metaphysis and fever. X-ray revealed a lytic lesion in the tibial metaphysis. MRI revealed an intramedullary bone lesion with perilesional bone oedema. CT-guided biopsy discounted malignancy and microbiological cultures were negative. The patient's symptoms and fever worsened after the biopsy; therefore antibiotherapy was commenced for a suspected superinfection. A body MRI was performed given the persistence of the fever, which found a second active lesion in the spine that was diagnosed as CRMO and progressed well with anti-infl...
Source: Revista Espanola de Cirugia Ortopedica y Traumatologia - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: T2 PSO is a powerful correction technique for the treatment of rigid CTKD. Compared with C7 or T1 PSO, there is decreased risk of injury to intrinsic hand muscle innervators, and there is virtually no risk of vertebral artery injury. Laminectomy may also be safer, as there is less (or no) scar tissue from prior surgeries. Correction at this distal level may allow for a greater sagittal correction. The authors are optimistic that these findings will be corroborated in larger cohorts examining this challenging clinical entity. PMID: 31653807 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Bisphosphonate therapy may reduce fracture and bone pain after kidney transplantation, however low certainty in the evidence indicates it is possible that treatment may make little or no difference. It is uncertain whether bisphosphonate therapy or other bone treatments prevent other skeletal complications after kidney transplantation, including spinal deformity or avascular bone necrosis. The effects of bone treatment for children and adolescents after kidney transplantation are very uncertain. PMID: 31637698 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Migraine Awareness in Italy and the Myth of "Cervical Arthrosis". Headache. 2019 Sep 26;: Authors: Rota E, Zucco R, Guerzoni S, Cainazzo MM, Pini LA, Catarci T, Granella F Abstract OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to assess the degree of awareness migraine patients had of their condition. The secondary aims were to evaluate the frequency of an incorrect diagnosis of "cervical arthrosis" in patients unaware of having migraine and to compare the clinical features, diagnostic investigation, and treatment strategies between the 2 subgroups of migraineurs, that is, those wit...
Source: Headache - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Headache Source Type: research
Study Design. Prospective research in middle-aged and elderly people. Objective. To investigate low back pain (LBP) and neuropathic pain (NeP); spinal alignment and range of motion (ROM); spinal degenerative changes in plain radiography; osteoporosis; muscle strength; and physical ability as possible risk factors for poor quality of life (QOL). Summary of Background Data. The aging of society has led to an increase in elderly people with chronic pain, including LBP and NeP. However, there has been no analysis of NeP and spinal sagittal alignment as potential risk factors for decreased QOL in the healthy general pop...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CLINICAL CASE SERIES Source Type: research
Study Design. Retrospective cohort study. Objective. To identify age-related changes in cervical sagittal parameters using standard radiographs. Summary of Background Data. Cervical sagittal balance is important for the maintenance of neutral head posture and horizontal gaze. Degenerative changes in the cervical spine that occur with aging may alter cervical sagittal balance, which can lead to chronic neck pain and predispose to various cervical spine pathologies. Methods. We performed a retrospective cohort study of 151 patients with lateral cervical spine radiographs taken at our institution between December 2...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: DIAGNOSTICS Source Type: research
We describe a rare case of sclerosing osteomyelitis of Garré in a 63-year-old woman with uncontrolled right thigh pain. She had suffered from lower back pain and radiating pain on the right lower leg for a year and 4 months and so had spine surgery 8 months ago. But the right thigh pain persisted, and the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) remained abnormal. Right femur radiographs showed cortical thickening on the proximal femur. Magnetic resonance images showed T2 hypersignal intensity lesions in the proximal femur. Under suspicion of osteoid osteoma or sclerosing osteomyel...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) Source Type: research
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