“Double Doughnut ” Sign – Could it be a Diagnostic Marker for Dengue Encephalitis ?

Chinky Chatur, Ankit Balani, Anjani Kumar, Surendar Alwala, Suresh GiraganiNeurology India 2019 67(5):1360-1362
Source: Neurology India - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research

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Flaviviruses such as dengue, yellow fever, Zika, West Nile, and Japanese encephalitis virus present substantial global health burdens. New vaccines are being sought to address safety and manufacturing issues associated with current live attenuated vaccines. Here, we describe a new insect-specific flavivirus, Binjari virus, which was found to be remarkably tolerant for exchange of its structural protein genes (prME) with those of the aforementioned pathogenic vertebrate-infecting flaviviruses (VIFs). Chimeric BinJ/VIF-prME viruses remained replication defective in vertebrate cells but replicated with high efficiency in mosq...
Source: Science Translational Medicine - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Research Articles Source Type: research
Vincent speaks with Félix Rey about his career and his work on solving structures of a variety of viruses and the insights learned about viral membrane fusion and antibody-mediated neutralization. Click arrow to play Download TWiV 577 (46 MB .mp3, 75 min) Subscribe (free): iTunes, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Show notes at microbe.tv/twiv
Source: virology blog - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: This Week in Virology antibody neutralization cryo-EM dengue virus flavivirus fusion loop glycoprotein Semliki Forest virus tick borne encephalitis virus viral viral membrane fusion viruses X-ray crystallography zika virus Source Type: blogs
The objectives of the present study were to describe the clinical picture of TONV and to compare its presentation with that of dengue virus (DENV). A retrospective study was performed in Cayenne hospital from 2003 to 2016 including all patients exclusively positive for TONV IgM and not for other alphaviruses. They were classified as high probability: typical clinical picture of arbovirus infection (i.e., fever, chills, headaches, muscle, and joint pains) and IgM seroconversion; medium probability: typical clinical picture + single positive IgM on a unique serum sample without control; and low probability: atypical clinical...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewIn this review, we present the overview of emerging and neglected viruses associated with liver involvement.Recent FindingsHepatitis E virus (HEV) emerged in the last two decades, causing hepatitis in many parts of the world. Moreover, liver involvement was also described in some emerging arboviral infections. Many reports showed dengue-associated liver injury; however, chikungunya, West Nile, tick-borne encephalitis, and Zika virus are rarely associated with clinically manifest liver disease. In addition, some neglected highly prevalent viruses such as adenoviruses and parvovirus B19 are capable o...
Source: Current Infectious Disease Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
We reported serological and molecular detection of SLEV in a healthy population of equids and humans from rural areas in Southeast Brazil. A plaque reduction neutralization test was applied, and neutralizing antibodies were detected in 11 individuals (4.6%) and 60 horses (21.5%). A qPCR targeting the 5′UTR region and reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) targeting the non-structural protein (NS5) gene were performed and three individuals tested positive in both assays. Subsequent phylogenetic analysis confirmed SLEV circulation and its findings suggest the occurrence of an asymptomatic or subclinical presence in hum...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
eng Li Cao Ye Flaviviruses, such as Zika virus (ZIKV), Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), Dengue virus (DENV), and West Nile virus (WNV), are important arthropod-borne pathogens that present an immense global health problem. Their unpredictable disease severity, unusual clinical features, and severe neurological manifestations underscore an urgent need for antiviral interventions. Furin, a host proprotein convertase, is a key contender in processing flavivirus prM protein to M protein, turning the inert virus to an infectious particle. For this reason, the current study was planned to evaluate the antiviral ac...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this report, we identified a potential small-molecule inhibitor, BP34610, via cell-based high-throughput screening (HTS) of 12,000 compounds using DENV-2 reporter viruses. BP34610 reduced the virus yields of type 2 DENV-infected cells with a 50% effective concentration (EC50) and selectivity index value of 0.48 ± 0.06 μM and 197, respectively. Without detectable cytotoxicity, the compound inhibited not only all four serotypes of DENV but also Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). Time-of-addition experiments suggested that BP34610 may act at an early stage of DENV virus infection. Sequencing analyses of sev...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
In this report, we identified a potential small-molecule inhibitor, BP34610, via cell-based high-throughput screening (HTS) of 12,000 compounds using DENV-2 reporter viruses. BP34610 reduced the virus yields of type 2 DENV-infected cells with a 50% effective concentration (EC50) and selectivity index value of 0.48 ± 0.06 μM and 197, respectively. Without detectable cytotoxicity, the compound inhibited not only all four serotypes of DENV but also Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). Time-of-addition experiments suggested that BP34610 may act at an early stage of DENV virus infection. Sequencing analyses of sev...
Source: Antiviral Research - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Antiviral Res Source Type: research
Abstract Flaviviruses comprise several medically important viruses, including Japanese encephalitis virus, West Nile virus, dengue virus (DENV), yellow fever virus and Zika virus (ZIKV). A large outbreak of DENV and ZIKV occurred recently, leading to many cases of illness and death. However, despite decades of efforts, we have no clinically specific therapeutic drugs against DENV and ZIKV. Previous studies showed that inflammatory responses play a critical role in dengue and Zika pathogenesis. Thus, in this study, we examined a series of novel anti-inflammatory compounds and found that treatment with compound 2d c...
Source: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Antimicrob Agents Chemother Source Type: research
THE ACTIVITY OF AURORA KINASE B IS REQUIRED FOR DENGUE VIRUS RELEASE. Virus Res. 2019 Oct 15;:197777 Authors: Perez-Olais JH, Ruiz-Jimenez F, Calderon-Garcia EJ, de Jesus-González LA, Hernández-Rivas R, Del Angel RM Abstract Flaviviruses, such as Dengue (DENV), Zika, Yellow Fever, Japanese Encephalitis and West Nile are important pathogens with high morbidity and mortality. The last estimation indicates that ∼390 millions of people are infected by DENV per year. The DENV replicative cycle occurs mainly in the cytoplasm of the infected cells and different cytoplasmic, nuclear and mito...
Source: Virus Research - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Virus Res Source Type: research
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