Tinnitus Causes

Title: Tinnitus CausesCategory: Doctor's &Expert's views on SymptomsCreated: 7/12/2013 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 12/19/2014 12:00:00 AM
Source: MedicineNet Hearing General - Category: Audiology Source Type: news

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Long‑term treatment with salicylate enables NMDA receptors and impairs AMPA receptors in C57BL/6J mice inner hair cell ribbon synapse. Mol Med Rep. 2018 Nov 05;: Authors: Cui W, Wang H, Cheng Y, Ma X, Lei Y, Ruan X, Shi L, Lv M Abstract Salicylate is widely used to produce animal models of tinnitus in mice and/or rats. The side effects on auditory function, including hearing loss and tinnitus, are considered the results of the auditory nerve dysfunction. A recent study indicated that chronic treatment with salicylate for several weeks reduces compressed action potential amplitude, which is contradict...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of patient-reported visual analogue scale (VAS) ratings. All of the participants (100 Polish-speaking adults) completed a Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI) once and a 4-component VAS twice over a period of 3 days. Spearman ’s correlation coefficients between the VAS score and global TFI ranged from ρ = 0.52 for VAS-coping (VAS-C) to ρ= 0.81 for VAS-annoyance (VAS-A). Using the Bland-Altman method, the agreement ranged from 93% for VAS-A to 96% for VAS-distress (VAS-D). Interclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.67 for VAS-C to 0.90 for VAS...
Source: Audiology and Neurotology - Category: Audiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONs: Consistent patterns of blood flow can be visualized in a sigmoid sinus diverticulum and the parent sinus using 4D flow and computational fluid dynamics. Strong components of rotational blood flow were seen in subjects with sigmoid sinus diverticula that were absent in controls.
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: HEAD & amp; NECK Source Type: research
AbstractTinnitus, the perception of a phantom sound, is accompanied by loudness and distress components. Distress however accompanies not just tinnitus, but several disorders. Several functional connectivity studies show that distress is characterized by disconnectivity of fronto-limbic circuits or hyperconnectivity of default mode/salience networks. The drawback, however, is that it considers only the magnitude of connectivity, not the direction. Thus, the current study aims to identify the core network of the domain-general distress component in tinnitus by comparing whole brain directed functional networks calculated fr...
Source: Brain Imaging and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsCurrent therapeutic strategies have proven that the goal of the traditional oriental medicine principle of increasing bodily fluids is a relevant approach for reducing the development of hearing loss by improving microcirculation in the blood-labyrinth barrier and increasing cochlear blood flow. The potential benefits of TOM agents expand to a multi-target approach on different auditory structures of the inner ear related to increased cochlear blood flow, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and neuroprotective activities. TOM is proposed as an important source of drug discovery and well-controlled, do...
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions: VSS is likely associated with either hyperactive visual cortices or, alternatively, impaired processing of simultaneous afferent information projecting to cortex. VSS likely results from widespread disturbance of sensory processing resulting in sensory misperception. There may be a number of syndromes associated with impaired sensory processing resulting in sensory misperception, including migraine, persistent perceptual postural dizziness, and tinnitus, which overlap with VSS. Elucidation of abnormality in one defined syndrome may provide a path forward for investigating all.
Source: Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: State-of-the-Art Review Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe streamlined unilateral tinnitus patient pathway confers significant benefits to patients, the NHS and wider health economy. Future research should focus on the challenge of scaling and sustaining innovation.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Clinical Otolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Our Experience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 November 2018Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: BiologyAuthor(s): Ranjana Singh, Manish Kumar Tiwari, Debraj Gangopadhayay, Phool Chand Mishra, Hirdyesh Mishra, Anchal Srivastava, Ranjan K. SinghAbstractAcetylsalicylic acid commonly termed as aspirin (AS) is a well known antipyretic and anti-inflammatory drug which can also be used to reduce death risks due to heart attack. In addition to this, it also exhibits some adverse effect such as gastrointestinal, tinnitus, Reye's syndrome. The side effects of AS such as gastrointestinal ulcer, tinnitus and Reye's syndrome ar...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of mastoiditis is primarily clinical. An incidental finding of high signalling in the mastoid region on magnetic resonance imaging is highly unlikely to represent actual clinical disease. In patients who are scanned for other reasons and who do not complain of otological symptoms, such findings are unlikely to require otolaryngology input. PMID: 30392474 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe uses of DPOAE changing amplitude could be used as a parameter to estimate effect of vitamin B complex on changing the severity of Tinnitus in patients with tinnitus only or those have Tinnitus with SNHL. The supplementation of vitamin B complex could improve the tinnitus severity especially in patients with tinnitus without SNHL.
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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