Diagnosis of acute intoxications in critically ill patients: Focus on biomarkers - Part 1: Epidemiology, methodology and general overview.

Diagnosis of acute intoxications in critically ill patients: Focus on biomarkers - Part 1: Epidemiology, methodology and general overview. Biomarkers. 2019 Nov 18;:1-41 Authors: Reisinger A, Rabensteiner J, Hackl G Abstract Acute intoxications account for a significant proportion of the patient population in intensive care units and sedative medications, ethanol, illicit drugs, inhalable poisons and mixed intoxications are the most common causes. The aim of this article is to describe biomarkers for screening and diagnosis of acute intoxications in critically ill patients. For this purpose, a survey of the relevant literature was conducted, and guidelines, case reports, expert assessments, and scientific publications were reviewed. In critical care it should always be attempted to identify and quantify the poison or toxin with the assistance of enzyme immunoassay (EIA), chromatography, and mass spectrometry techniques and this section is critically appraised in this publication. The principles for anion gap, osmol gap and lactate gap and their usage in intoxications is shown. Basic rules in test methodology and pre-analytics are reviewed. Biomarkers in general are presented in part one and biomarkers for specific intoxications including ethanol, paracetamol, cardiovascular drugs and many others are presented in part two of these publications. PMID: 31735069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biomarkers - Category: Research Tags: Biomarkers Source Type: research

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Publication date: 25 March 2020Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 818Author(s): E. Kardoulaki, J.T. White, D.D. Byler, D.M. Frazer, A.P. Shivprasad, T.A. Saleh, B. Gong, T. Yao, J. Lian, K.J. McClellanAbstractUranium diboride (UB2) and uranium tetraboride (UB4) are candidate constituents for multi-phase accident tolerant fuel due to their anticipated high thermal conductivity. These fuels have high uranium density that contributes to fission, and by tailoring the ratio of 10B/11B, can also act as an integrated burnable poison. Understanding the thermophysical and mechanical properties of uranium borides, for w...
Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionMGN ameliorated morphological damage in the hippocampus. Its neuroprotective effects were achieved by the activation of the Nrf2 downstream genes. The data from this in vitro study indicates that MGN targeting Nrf2 activation is a feasible approach to reduce adverse health effects associated with Pb exposure. Thus, MGN could be an effective candidate agent for the Pb-induced oxidative stress and neurotoxicity in the human body.
Source: Chinese Herbal Medicines - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
More than 150 people have visited Windsor emergency rooms due to opioid poisoning in the first six months of the year. 
Source: CBC | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Windsor Source Type: news
Publication date: January 2020Source: Journal of Catalysis, Volume 381Author(s): Dingkai Chen, Basma Mewafy, Fotios Paloukis, Liping Zhong, Vasiliki Papaefthimiou, Thierry Dintzer, Kalliopi M. Papazisi, Stella P. Balomenou, Dimitrios Tsiplakides, Detre Teschner, Virginia Pérez-Dieste, Carlos Escudero, Spyridon ZafeiratosAbstractPerovskite materials are typically used as oxygen electrodes of solid oxide fuel and electrolysis cells (SOC). The high stability of the perovskite structure in oxidative environments makes it a good candidate as a cathode electrode for steam electrolysis SOC as well. In this work, we investi...
Source: Journal of Catalysis - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To investigate ocular exposures associated with household cleaning products in the United States. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A retrospective analysis of ocular exposures associated with household cleaning products was conducted using data fro...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Journal of Membrane ScienceAuthor(s): Justin Easa, Renxi Jin, Casey P. O'BrienAbstractThe evolution of carbon species on the surface and in the bulk of palladium (Pd) foils during exposure to C3H6/H2/N2 gas mixtures is quantitatively analyzed in this work as a function of temperature (300–500 °C), C3H6 concentration (5–20% in 80% H2/balance N2), and C3H6 exposure time (0–16 h) by temperature-programmed oxidation (TPO) of the carbonaceous deposits. The influence of these carbonaceous deposits on the interaction of H2 with Pd is analyzed by ...
Source: Journal of Membrane Science - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
FRIDAY, Dec. 13, 2019 -- Having little ones visit for the holidays? Be sure to stow household cleaners safely out of their reach. These products are a major source of reports to U.S. poison control centers, and exposures often involve the eyes....
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Food Science and Human WellnessAuthor(s): Yingying Zhao, Dandan Xia, Panpan Ma, Xiaofeng Gao, Wenyi Kang, Jinfeng WeiAbstractHuman health is threatened by foodborne illness and Staphylococcus aureus is a common foodborne pathogenic bacteria. It can cause food poisoning when we are infected, therefore, it is necessary to detect pathogenic bacteria. The virulence genes and detection methods of S. aureus are summarized from literatures. Traditional detection methods are simple but need bacteria enrichment and to prolong detection time. Immunological technology has hig...
Source: Food Science and Human Wellness - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
You're reading How to Become a More Positive Person, originally posted on Pick the Brain | Motivation and Self Improvement. If you're enjoying this, please visit our site for more inspirational articles. The vast majority of our behavior is habitual. As much as we feel like we are thinking throughout the day, and making conscious decisions, much of our activity is driven by deeply ingrained habits. The question is, how did these habits form? The answer lies in our subconscious mind. This is the non-thinking mind. It faithfully carries out mental commands just like a computer obediently follows digital code. The subconscio...
Source: PickTheBrain | Motivation and Self Improvement - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: featured psychology self improvement habits positive thinking Source Type: blogs
Suicide is a major public health concern in South Korea, and self-poisoning by pesticides is one of the common methods of suicide. Pesticide ban policies have been successful for suicide prevention; however, no studies have shown their effect according to ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news
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