Whole-brain functional network disruption in chronic pain with disk herniation

Brain functional network properties are globally disrupted in multiple musculoskeletal chronic pain conditions. Back pain with lumbar disk herniation (LDH) is highly prevalent and a major route for progression to chronic back pain. However, brain functional network properties remain unknown in such patients. Here, we examined resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging-based functional connectivity networks in chronic back pain patients with clear evidence for LDH (LDH-chronic pain n = 146), in comparison to healthy controls (HCs, n = 165). The study was conducted in China, thus providing the opportunity to also examine the influence of culture on brain functional reorganization with chronic pain. The data were equally subdivided into discovery and validation subgroups (n = 68 LDH-chronic pain and n = 68 HC, for each subgroup), and contrasted to an off-site data set (n = 272, NITRC 1000). Graph disruption indices derived from 3 network topological measurements, degree, clustering coefficient, and efficiency, which respectively represent network hubness, segregation, and integration, were significantly decreased compared with HC, across all predefined link densities, in both discovery and validation groups. However, global mean clustering coefficient and betweenness centrality were decreased in the discovery group and showed trend in the validation group. The relationship between pain and graph disruption indices was limited to males with high education. These results ...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

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Conclusion: In this case report, a 28-year-old male was treated for thoracic Pott's disease that proved to be metastatic lung adenocarcinoma. To avoid such misdiagnoses in the future, physicians should better differentiate spinal TB from other malignancies that may affect the spine. This study underscores the importance of obtaining at least a chest X-ray in any patient with suspected Pott's disease, irrespective of age, to help rule out lung cancer or other pathologies. PMID: 31768288 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
We report a case of suspected Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) where the patient's sole symptom was chronic, intermittent episodes of unilateral ear pain. This case was unusual because this patient did not show any other neurological or extraneurological symptoms of Lyme disease. LNB is a manifestation of infection by Borrelia burgdorferi spirochetes that can manifest in a number of different clinical presentations depending on the nervous system dissemination of the bacteria. Most commonly, these neurological findings present as peripheral nerve radiculopathies, but rarer involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) can...
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we discussed two cases who presented with low back pain after isotretinoin was used for the treatment of acne vulgaris. The patients did not have low back pain before isotretinoin use and did not have enthesitis, dactylitis, uveitis, psoriasis, recent infection, trauma, and family history spondylitis. HLA-B27 was negative. Bone-marrow edema was detected at the sacroiliac joint on magnetic resonance imaging. Because of these findings, sacroiliitis related to the drug was considered in our patients and isotretinoin treatments were discontinued. Because the patients ’ low back pain continued when they adm...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
ConclusionsTarsal tunnel block with lignocaine can relieve coccyx pain for a long time. Tarsal tunnel block can be done to achieve heel anesthesia before injection of lignocaine into the plantar fascia in patients with plantar fasciitis.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsSome rare pathophysiological relationships between intracranial hypotension and cervical myelopathy, can be difficult for diagnosis. Our findings indicate that proper diagnosis of such relationships after CSF shunt placement can provide relief of myelopathic symptoms.
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Migraine Awareness in Italy and the Myth of "Cervical Arthrosis". Headache. 2019 Sep 26;: Authors: Rota E, Zucco R, Guerzoni S, Cainazzo MM, Pini LA, Catarci T, Granella F Abstract OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to assess the degree of awareness migraine patients had of their condition. The secondary aims were to evaluate the frequency of an incorrect diagnosis of "cervical arthrosis" in patients unaware of having migraine and to compare the clinical features, diagnostic investigation, and treatment strategies between the 2 subgroups of migraineurs, that is, those wit...
Source: Headache - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Headache Source Type: research
ConclusionsPartial C7, complete T1 and T2, and partial T3 bilateral laminectomy was performed for evacuation of the spinal epidural hematoma. Following a 2-week course of acute inpatient rehabilitation, the patient returned to his baseline functional status. This case highlights the risks of self-manipulation of the neck and potentially other activities that significantly stretch or apply torque to the cervical spine. It also presents a clinical scenario in which practitioners of spinal manipulation therapy should be aware of patients undergoing anticoagulation therapy.
Source: Chiropractic and Manual Therapies - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
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Source: TIME: Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Uncategorized onetime psychology syndication Source Type: news
En reiseglad 80-åring med ryggsmerter og vekttap. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2019 Sep 10;139(12): Authors: Leknesund SH, Finjord T, Jordal S Abstract BACKGROUND: This case report presents one of the first documented incidents of chronic Q-fever (C. burnetii) in Norway. A comprehensive workup resulted in an unexpected finding. CASE PRESENTATION: A Norwegian woman in her eighties presented to a district general hospital with lower back pain, decreased general condition and weight loss. Computer tomography (CT) revealed a large thoracic aortic aneurysm presumed to be of mycotic origin, and later ...
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research
Conclusions For lytic manifestations of the vertebral column, hydatid cysts should be considered a differential diagnosis in addition to malignant metastasis, tuberculosis, and osteomyelitis. Thorough surgical resection and strict follow-up are necessary. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part A: Central European Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
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