Frequency-Specific Abnormalities Of Functional Homotopy In Alcohol Dependence: A Resting-State Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study

Source: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: These findings show for the first time that implementation intentions targeting cognitive processes can significantly reduce alcohol consumption among heavy drinkers. However, there was no evidence that the effects were mediated by changes in neural activity. Further work is required to explore the neural mechanisms underpinning the operation of implementation intentions. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was registered (ISRCTN:35503634) and is available at https://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN35503634. PMID: 31819947 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Behavioral Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Ann Behav Med Source Type: research
ConclusionThe patient started treatment using B12 vitamin, thiamine, and physical therapy. Currently, despite reported balance improvement, he needs ambulation support. He features nystagmus, bilateral dysmetria, mild dysdiadochokinesia, continuous tinnitus in his left ear, blurred vision, and neck pain while moving it.
Source: Neurophysiologie Clinique - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest gender differences in vulnerability to later alcohol use, specifically in terms of how a neurobiological susceptibility to risk insensitivity may disproportionately influence male adolescents' externalizing symptomatology. Male adolescents who do not effectively integrate risk-related signals are likely to engage in externalizing behaviors, which in turn are related to later alcohol use. Findings also suggest differential roles of risk-related brain function that contribute to gendered pathways to adolescent health-risk behaviors. PMID: 31790350 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that delayed structural maturation of the NAcc may be a risk factor for alcohol use in adolescence; however, the mechanism by which the structure of the NAcc confers risk differs by sex. PMID: 31790349 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Gender, BMI, and HDL were found to be predictors of steatosis. Male patients with low HDL and high BMI are at greater risk of steatosis and should be carefully examined for the presence of NAFLD. PMID: 31754954 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Hormones (Athens) Source Type: research
Conclusion: severe OSA conferred a significant increase in risk for liver steatosis but the association was not maintained after adjusting for confounders.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep and control of breathing Source Type: research
ConclusionsLiver damage suggested by increased serum liver enzymes cannot be due to liver steatosis but potentially to a different liver disease (not identified by MRI) or to an early liver fibrosis not associated with an insulin-resistant status.
Source: Internal and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe results of this study extend previous findings that alcohol use disorder is associated with differences in activation during an immediate or delayed choice by delineating activation associated with the parameters of impulsive choice.
Source: Psychopharmacology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Diet and nutrition play a key role in the promotion and maintenance of good health, as they are important modifiable risk factors for chronic diseases. A growing number of studies indicate that optimal food intake and optimal physical activity are essential for the gray matter volume (GMV). However, the precise definition of “optimal” is extremely difficult and a topic of several studies. In the current research, we used the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based normalized GMV (nGMV), for monitoring brain conditions based on GMV. By analyzing the relationship between the nGMV of 171 healthy Japanese participan...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Korsakoff syndrome (KS) is a largely irreversible residual syndrome mainly caused by chronic and excessive alcohol consumption with thiamine deficiency [1]. Some of KS are occurring after incomplete recovery from Wernicke encephalopathy (WE), however some does not follow a clear-cut WE episode [2]. Because some patients have a more insidious onset, KS is diagnosed more commonly in alcoholics at post-mortem than it is in life [3]. Although magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows to visualise oedematous lesions in acute-phase WE, the neuroradiological diagnosis of chronic KS is difficult [4].
Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
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