c-Kit-stem cell factor signal –independent development of interstitial cells of Cajal in murine small intestine

In this study, we examine ICC-DMP development in normal and c-Kit-SCF signal –insufficient mice. In normal mice, numerous ICC-DMP labeled with c-Kit and neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1R) antibodies were observed only in the duodenum on the day of birth, in the duodenum and the jejunum on postnatal day 4 and throughout the small intestine after postnatal day 6. InW mutant mice (W/Wv, Wv/Wv, W/W), ICC-DMP investigated using c-Kit and NK1R immunoreactivities were similar to that in normal mice. c-Kit ligand SCF –deficient mice (Sl/Sl) also showed almost identical ICC-DMP development and proliferation as normal mice. These results show that the development and proliferation of ICC-DMP occur in the postnatal period independent of c-Kit-SCF signaling.
Source: Cell and Tissue Research - Category: Cytology Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Under the induction of tumor microenvironment, MSCs can differentiate into myofibroblasts and then affect tumor interstitial microenvironment remodeling. This process is mediated by TGFβ1-Smad2 pathway.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive malignancy lacking targeted therapy due to shared molecular and transcriptional circuits as well as phenotypic markers with normal hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Identifying leukemia specific markers expressed on AML or AML subtypes for therapeutic targeting is of exquisite clinical value. Here we show that CD4, a T lymphocytes membrane glycoprotein that interacts with major histocompatibility complex class II antigens and is also expressed in certain AML subsets but not on HSCs is a proper target for genetically engineered chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T cells). Tre...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Background: Actinins are major cytoskeletal proteins that mediate sarcomere function, and they also have important non-muscle functions such as regulating cytokinesis, cell adhesion and migration. There are four isoforms of actinins in mammals (ACTN1-4). Recently, the relationship between actinins and cancer has been discovered in many types of malignancy, yet their prognostic significance in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains unclear.Methods: We collected data of 155 de novo AML patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database; 85 patients received chemotherapy only and 70 patients underwent allogeneic hematopoieti...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
We have previously reported that 8-bromo-7-methoxychrysin (BrMC), a novel synthetic derivative of chrysin, was demonstrated anti-tumor activities against several human cancers, including lung cancer. Interaction between inflammation and cancer stem cell are recently increasingly recognized in tumorigenesis and progression. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether BrMC inhibits lung cancer stemness of H460 cells induced by inflammatory factors (TGF-β combined with TNF-α) and its potential mechanism. Our results showed that BrMC inhibited lung cancer stemness, as validated by enhanced self-renewal abil...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Pancreatic cancer is still diagnosed at a late stage although we have novel diagnostic tools. Pancreatic cancer chemotherapy treatment resistance is observed and therefore novel treatments are in need. Anti-cancer stem cell therapy, combination of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy with immunotherapy, proteins/enzymes and gene therapy are currently under evaluation. Targeted treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors is also administered and novel inhibitors are also under evaluation. In the current review we present recent data from our search within the year 2018.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Conclusion: Response rates and OS in this analysis of BV in real-world settings in the Czech Republic and Slovakia were consistent with those reported for pivotal clinical trials and from previous studies outside the clinical trial setting. The results support the efficacy of BV for treatment of R/R HL in real-life clinical practice.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the role of IL-6 in modulating clinicopathological features, malignant traits, and stemness in osteosarcoma, and to determine the mechanisms underlying IL-6-mediated osteosarcoma progression. Methods: Patients with osteosarcoma (n = 54) and healthy controls (n = 50) were selected. No patients received any pre-operative cancer treatment. Serum levels of IL-6 were determined in patients with osteosarcoma by ELISA and their relationship with pathological features and prognosis analyzed. The 3-(4,5-dimethyl -2-thiazolyl)- 2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and colony formation assays were...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
DOCK family proteins are evolutionarily conserved guanine nucleotide exchange factors for Rho GTPase with different cellular functions. It has been demonstrated that DOCK1 had adverse prognostic effect in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We first analyzed data of 85 AML patients who were treated with chemotherapy and had available DOCK1 to DOCK11 expression information and found that DOCK1 and DOCK2 had prognostic significance in AML. In view of the known prognosis of DOCK1 in AML, we then explored the prognostic role of DOCK2. One hundred fifty-six AML patients with DOCK2 expression data were extracted from The Cancer Genome...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
In this study, the osteoimmunomodulatory properties of Mg ions with involvement of macrophages and bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) were systematically investigated. Microscale Mg ions (100 mg/L) were found to possess osteoimmunomodulatory properties that favor bone formation. Specifically, microscale Mg ions induced M2 phenotype changes of macrophages and the release of anti-inflammatory cytokines by inhibiting the TLR-NF-κB signaling pathway. Microscale Mg ions also stimulated the expression of osteoinductive molecules in macrophages while Mg ions/macrophage-conditioned medium promoted osteogenesis of BMSCs th...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Conclusions: The results from this study suggest the presence of mutual effects between hUC-MSCs and hACs even culture at low density and provide further support for the use of intra-articular injection strategies for cartilage defect treatment. PMID: 31828107 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
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