Viruses, Vol. 11, Pages 1077: HBV Infection in HIV-Driven Immune Suppression

Viruses, Vol. 11, Pages 1077: HBV Infection in HIV-Driven Immune Suppression Viruses doi: 10.3390/v11111077 Authors: Loredana Sarmati Vincenzo Malagnino Worldwide, approximately 10% of all human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected people are also chronically coinfected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). HBV infection has a poor prognosis in HIV-positive people and has been documented by an increased risk of developing chronic HBV infection (CHB), progression to liver fibrosis and end-stage liver disease (ESLD) and evolution of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Furthermore, in HIV patients, HBV-resolved infection is often associated with the appearance of HBV-DNA, which configures occult HBV infection (OBI) as a condition to be explored in coinfected patients. In this narrative review we summarize the main aspects of HBV infection in HIV-positive patients, emphasizing the importance of carefully considering the coinfected patient in the context of therapeutic strategies of antiretroviral therapy.
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research

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Conclusion HBV-infection increased significantly the risk for cirrhosis among T2DM patients, however, not beyond the expected incremental risk among infected non-T2DM subjects. Our approach to evaluate the role of T2DM/NAFLD and HBV-infection in liver disease progression could be applied to other settings with higher HBV prevalence.
Source: European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Hepatology Source Type: research
Conclusions. Hispanic patients with cirrhosis experience a survival advantage over many other racial groups despite adjustment for multiple covariates.
Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Original Clinical Science—Liver Source Type: research
Authors: Qiu Z, Zhong D, Yang B Abstract Ganoderma lucidum (G. lucidum, Lingzhi) has a wide range of hepatoprotective effects. Its bioactive substances include triterpenoids, polysaccharides, sterols, steroids, peptides, and other bioactive ingredients. Based on our research and other references, this chapter discusses the hepatoprotective effects of G. lucidum in different liver diseases, including hepatocellular carcinoma, nonalcoholic liver disease, alcoholic liver disease, hepatitis B, inflammation, fibrosis, and toxicant-induced liver injury. The liver protective mechanisms of G. lucidum vary from diseases to ...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 November 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Jiajia Shao, Shuangshuang Li, Yanning Liu, Min ZhengAbstractThe liver serves as a central participant in immune system owing to its particular blood supply and large amounts of immune cells, in which macrophages play a significant role in liver homeostasis and disorders. Extracellular vesicles (EVs), membrane-defined nanometer-sized vesicles released by cells in a tightly controlled manner, have attracted intensive research attention as a critical vehicle for cell-cell communication in the pathophysiology of liver. Accumulating evidence has ...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Abstract HBV is the most common etiology of both liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in Korea. Despite much progress made, the currently available antiviral therapies cannot eradicate or eliminate this virus. Hence, the benefits and risks of antiviral therapy should be carefully evaluated on an individual basis and within the context of the clinical situation. The ultimate goals of treatment are to decrease the mortality from liver disease. The benefits of antiviral therapy come from prevention of progression of liver disease. Understanding the natural history of chronic HBV infection is a key step in the...
Source: Korean J Gastroenter... - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Korean J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe additive risk of T2DM for HCC development was highest in patients with NASH. HCC risk may vary depending on the underlying etiology.
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Authors: Tao Y, Wu D, Zhou L, Chen E, Liu C, Tang X, Jiang W, Han N, Li H, Tang H Abstract Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) remains the leading cause of liver-related morbidity and mortality across the world. If left untreated, approximately one-third of these patients will progress to severe end-stage liver diseases including liver failure, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). High level of serum HBV DNA is strongly associated with the development of liver failure, cirrhosis, and HCC. Therefore, antiviral therapy is crucial for the clinical management of CHB. Current antiviral drugs including nucleoside/nucleot...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Wang J, Huang H, Liu Y, Chen R, Yan Y, Shi S, Xi J, Zou J, Yu G, Feng X, Lu F Abstract Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains to be a serious threat to public health and is associated with many liver diseases including chronic hepatitis B (CHB), liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Although nucleos(t)ide analogues (NA) and pegylated interferon-α (Peg-IFNα) have been confirmed to be efficient in inhibiting HBV replication, it is difficult to eradicate HBV and achieve the clinical cure of CHB. Therefore, long-term therapy has been recommended to CHB treatment under the curren...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Li H, Yan L, Shi Y, Lv D, Shang J, Bai L, Tang H Abstract Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a DNA virus, belonging to the Hepadnaviridae family. It is a partially double-stranded DNA virus with a small viral genome (3.2 kb). Chronic HBV infection remains a global public health problem. If left untreated, chronic HBV infection can progress to end-stage liver disease, such as liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In recent years, tremendous advances in the field of HBV basic and clinical research have been achieved, ranging from the HBV biological characteristics, immunopathogenesis, and animal m...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
We present a narrative review of HCC in Africa, discussing present and future trends. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Seminars in Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
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