Falling, Dying Sheep, and the Divine: Notes on Thick Therapeutics in Peri-Urban Senegal.

Falling, Dying Sheep, and the Divine: Notes on Thick Therapeutics in Peri-Urban Senegal. Cult Med Psychiatry. 2019 Dec;43(4):663-685 Authors: Lovell AM, Diagne PM Abstract Peri-urban Senegal lies outside the influence of both the nation's historic public mental health model and contemporary global mental health. This paper examines how cultural logics in this underserved region spill over from social domains to widen the therapeutic sphere of psychoses and epilepsy. Observations and 60 carer and/or patient interviews concerning 36 patients afflicted by one or both conditions illustrate how the "crisis of the uncanny", a spectacular eruption of psychoses and seizures into the everyday, triggers trajectories across these domains. To resolve the crisis, patients and carers mobilize debts and obligations of extended kin and community, as well as a gift economy among strangers. The therapeutic and non-therapeutic are further linked through the semantics of falling, which associates this local term for the crisis with divine ecstasy and the slide from human to non-human forms of life. We introduce the concept of thick therapeutics to capture how the logics of sheep- other animal-human relationality, secular-divine politics of giving, and payment/sacrifice for healing imbue a therapeutic assemblage continually constructed through actions of patients, carers and healers. We ask what implications therapeutic thickening might have for ment...
Source: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Cult Med Psychiatry Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Ashrafi MR, Amanat M, Garshasbi M, Kameli R, Nilipour Y, Heidari M, Rezaei Z, Tavasoli AR Abstract Introduction: Leukodystrophies constitute heterogenous group of rare heritable disorders primarily affecting the white matter of central nervous system. These conditions are often under-appreciated among physicians. The first clinical manifestations of leukodystrophies are often nonspecific and can occur in different ages from neonatal to late adulthood periods. The diagnosis is, therefore, challenging in most cases.Area covered: Herein, the authors discuss different aspects of leukodystrophies. The authors used...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Tags: Expert Rev Neurother Source Type: research
ConclusionThe Indonesian PATE scale is a validated and reliable translation for measuring public attitudes toward epilepsy.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Epilepsy &BehaviorAuthor(s): Gunilla Rejnö-Habte Selassie, Göran Pegenius, Tomas Karlsson, Gerd Viggedal, Tove Hallböök, Mikael ElamAbstractWe used a stepwise process to develop a new paradigm for preoperative cortical mapping of receptive language in children, using temporary functional blocking with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). The method combines short sentences with a lexical decision task in which children are asked to point at a picture that fits a short sentence delivered aurally. This was first tested with 24 healthy chil...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the therapeutic use of phytocannabinoids (CBD) is already in practice, although its mechanisms of action remain unclear. Endocannabinoid and TRPV1 mechanisms warrant further basic studies to support their potential clinical applications.This article is part of the Special Issue “NEWroscience 2018".
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Brain StimulationAuthor(s): Uma V. Mahajan, Jonathon J. Parker, Nolan R. Williams, Mahendra T. Bhati, Seul Ku, Gerald Grant, Robert S. Fisher, Sherman C. Stein, Casey H. Halpern
Source: Brain Stimulation - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: NeurocomputingAuthor(s): Hong Peng, Cancheng Li, Jinlong Chao, Tao Wang, Chengjian Zhao, Xiaoning Huo, Bin HuAbstractElectroencephalogram (EEG) signals play an important role in the epilepsy detection. In the past decades, the automatic detection system of epilepsy has emerged and performed well. In this paper, a novel sparse representation-based epileptic seizure classification based on the dictionary learning with homotopy (DLWH) algorithm is proposed. The performance of the proposed method evaluates on two public EEG databases provided by the Bonn University and...
Source: Neurocomputing - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Ayataka Fujimoto, Kazuki Sakakura, Naoki Ichikawa, Tohru OkanishiAbstractEpilepsy surgery uses both depth electrodes (DEs) and subdural electrodes (SE). DEs have mainly been developed and used in Europe. As we are able to use the DEs safely due to the current advanced level of technology, use of DEs has been increasing rapidly over the last decade. Unlike placement of SEs, which simply requires craniotomy, DE placement generally requires stereotactic techniques such as frame-based stereotactic or robotic arm-based methods....
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
In this study, it was aimed to evaluate pre-seizure warning symptoms of the electroencephalography (EEG) signals by a convolutional neural network (CNN) inspired by the epileptic auras defined in the medical field. In this context, one-dimensional EEG signals were transformed into a spectrogram display form in the frequency-time domain by applying a short-time Fourier transform (STFT). Systemic changes in pre-epileptic seizure have been described by applying the CNN approach to the EEG signals represented in the image form, and the subjective EEG-Aura process has been tried to be determined for each patient. Considering al...
Source: Biomedizinische Technik/Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Tags: Biomed Tech (Berl) Source Type: research
This article discusses the peri-operative considerations of multiple anti-epileptic medications, recent advances in anesthetic management, and important post-operative concerns.
Source: Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractOver the past 10  years, the increasingly important role played by next-generation sequencing panels in the genetic diagnosis of epilepsy has led to a growing list of gene variants and a plethora of new scientific data. To date, however, there is still no consensus on what constitutes the “ideal panel design,” or on the most rational criteria for selecting the best candidates for gene-panel analysis, even though both might optimize the cost-benefit ratio and the diagnostic efficiency of customized gene panels. Even though more and more laboratories are adopting whole-exome sequencing as a first-tie...
Source: Neurogenetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
More News: Economy | Epilepsy | Men | Politics | Psychiatry | Senegal Health