Modeling catalytic reaction mechanisms in glycoside hydrolases.

Modeling catalytic reaction mechanisms in glycoside hydrolases. Curr Opin Chem Biol. 2019 Nov 12;53:183-191 Authors: Coines J, Raich L, Rovira C Abstract Modeling catalysis in carbohydrate-active enzymes is a daunting challenge because of the high flexibility and diversity of both enzymes and carbohydrates. Glycoside hydrolases (GHs) are an illustrative example, where conformational changes and subtle interactions have been shown to be critical for catalysis. GHs have pivotal roles in industry (e.g. biofuel or detergent production) and biomedicine (e.g. targets for cancer and diabetes), and thus, a huge effort is devoted to unveil their molecular mechanisms. Besides experimental techniques, computational methods have served to provide an in-depth understanding of GH mechanisms, capturing complex reaction coordinates and the conformational itineraries that substrates follow during the whole catalytic pathway, providing a framework that ultimately may assist the engineering of these enzymes and the design of new inhibitors. PMID: 31731209 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Opinion in Chemical Biology - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Curr Opin Chem Biol Source Type: research

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