School-based interventions to prevent anxiety and depression in children and young people: a systematic review and network meta-analysis - Caldwell DM, Davies SR, Hetrick SE, Palmer JC, Caro P, L ópez-López JA, Gunnell D, Kidger J, Thomas J, French C, Stockings E, Campbell R, Welton NJ.

BACKGROUND: Rates of anxiety and depression are increasing among children and young people. Recent policies have focused on primary prevention of mental disorders in children and young people, with schools at the forefront of implementation. There is limit...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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chans The main purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) on the quality of life (QoL) and psychosocial functioning of patients with the BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations. This survey-based study was conducted using the Blatt-Kupperman Index, the Women’s Health Questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory-II, and the authors’ questionnaire. All calculations were done using Statistica 13.3. The QoL after RRSO was statistically significantly lower in most domains compared with the state before surgery...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Source: Journal of Asthma and Allergy - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Journal of Asthma and Allergy Source Type: research
Millions of people with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) — from veterans to rape survivors — have new hope because of a watershed study showing that the injection of an anesthetic to a bundle of nerves in the neck can relieve their symptoms in a clinically significant way. The treatment is known as the stellate ganglion block, or SGB. Used since 1925 for problems such as pain in the arm and shingles, it is safe and effective. In the newly released, eight-week, U.S. Army-funded clinical trial of 108 active-duty service members with PTSD, the nonprofit research institute RTI International found that patients...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Personal PTSD Research Treatment Hyper Vigilance Neuroscience Neurotransmitter Norepinephrine Posttraumatic Stress Disorder pruning Source Type: blogs
Many patients with cognitive impairment have anxiety or depression, but standard treatments are difficult for people with memory issues.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: your-feed-science Mental Health and Disorders Depression (Mental) Alzheimer ' s Disease Memory Dementia Psychology and Psychologists Elderly Weill Cornell Medicine your-feed-healthcare Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Pregnancy-specific anxiety was found to significantly increase the risk of PTB and LBW in a military population. Understanding this relationship is essential in developing effective assessments and interventions. Results emphasize the importance of prenatal maternal mental health to fetal health and birth outcomes. Further research is needed to determine the specific physiological pathways that link prenatal anxiety and depression with poor birth outcomes. PMID: 31808825 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Authors: Silveira C, Guedes R, Maia D, Curral R, Coelho R Abstract Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disabling neuroinflammatory disease. Psychiatric manifestations have a high prevalence in MS patients and may worsen the illness progression and the patients' quality of life (QoL). Depression is a highly prevalent condition in MS patients, associated with poorer adherence to treatment, decreased functional status and QoL, and increased suicide risk. Diagnosis and treatment of this disorder is challenging because of symptom overlap. Other prevalent psychiatric comorbidities are anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder...
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): Dániel Kuti, Zsuzsanna Winkler, Krisztina Horváth, Balázs Juhász, Melinda Paholcsek, Anikó Stágel, Gabriella Gulyás, Levente Czeglédi, Szilamér Ferenczi, Krisztina J. KovácsAbstractChronic stress is often accompanied by gastrointestinal symptoms, which might be due to stress-induced shift of gut microbiome to pathogenic bacteria. It has been hypothesized that stress alters gut permeability and results in mild endotoxemia which exaggerates HPA activity and co...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical JournalAuthor(s): Kinga OstrowskaAbstractA number of psychiatric disorders, including anxiety, schizophrenia, Parkinson’s disease, depression and others CNS diseases are known to induce defects in the function of neural pathways sustained by the neurotransmitters, like dopamine and serotonin. N-arylpiperazine moiety is important for CNS-activity, particularly for serotonergic and dopaminergic activity. In the scientific literature there are many examples of coumarin-piperazine derivatives, particularly with arylpiperazines linked to a coum...
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Prenatally initiated CBT did not improve maternal symptoms or child outcomes among non-help-seeking women with antenatal depression or anxiety. Our findings are not in line with present recommendations for universal screening and treatment for antenatal depression or anxiety, and future work may include the relevance of baseline help-seeking. PMID: 31806071 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsRumination is known to be associated with poor prognosis in mental health. This study suggests that rumination is a maladaptive coping style associated not only with worry, distress and illness severity, but also with socioeconomic status. Also, rumination demonstrated a specific association with panic disorder.
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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