Cost-Effectiveness of Cancer Screening: Health and Costs in Life Years Gained

ConclusionsPractical difficulties in quantifying quality of life losses and healthcare expenditures owing to competing risks in life years gained can be overcome. Their inclusion can have a substantial impact on the cost-effectiveness of cancer screening programs.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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Abstract Photodynamic therapy is the combination of the initial application of a photosensitive chemical on the skin and then using typically a blue filter light of varying spectrums. This treatment protocol has been more useful and functional than other chemical peels and lasers for a variety of conditions. There has been efficacy in antiviral treatments, such as herpetic lesions; malignant cancers of the head and neck; and lung, bladder, and skin cancers. It has been tested for prostate cancers, cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, esophageal cancer, stomach cancer, pancreatic cancer, ...
Source: Clinical Prostate Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am Source Type: research
This study is registered with PROSPERO, CRD42018114781.Findings47 publications provided data from 46 samples including 4 717 839 individuals (501 559 patients with mental illness, and 4 216 280 controls), of whom 69·85% were women, for screening for breast cancer (k=35; 296 699 individuals with mental illness, 1 023 288 in the general population), cervical cancer (k=29; 295 688 with mental illness, 3 540 408 in general population), colorectal cancer (k=12; 153 283 with mental illness, 2 228 966 in general population), lung and gastric cancer (both k=1; 420 with mental illness, none in gener...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Photodynamic therapy is the combination of the initial application of a photosensitive chemical on the skin and then using typically a blue filter light of varying spectrums. This treatment protocol has been more useful and functional than other chemical peels and lasers for a variety of conditions. There has been efficacy in antiviral treatments, such as herpetic lesions; malignant cancers of the head and neck; and lung, bladder, and skin cancers. It has been tested for prostate cancers, cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, esophageal cancer, stomach cancer, pancreatic cancer, vaginal cancer, gl...
Source: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Brenner DR, Ruan Y, Shaw E, O'Sullivan D, Poirier AE, Heer E, Villeneuve PJ, Walter SD, Friedenreich CM, Smith L, De P Abstract BACKGROUND: Although cancer incidence over time is well documented in Canada, trends by birth cohort and age group are less well known. We analyzed age- and sex-standardized incidence trends in Canada for 16 major cancer sites and all cancers combined. METHODS: We obtained nationally representative population-based cancer incidence data in Canada between 1971 and 2015 from the National Cancer Incidence Reporting System (1969-1992) and the Canadian Cancer Registry (1992-2015). ...
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
Conclusion: Since stage-specific survival is similar in Kuwait and the US, late stage at diagnosis is likely to be a major contributing factor to the overall lower survival in Kuwait than in the US. Increasing public awareness of cancer risk factors and symptoms and investment in early detection will be vital to reduce the proportion of patients diagnosed at a late stage and to improve survival. PMID: 31662756 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Oncol Source Type: research
AbstractIn 2013, the US Preventive Services Task Force recommended low-dose computed tomography screening for smokers at high risk of lung cancer; however, use remains low. Efforts to promote lung cancer screening need to consider how receptive this population is to preventive healthcare and cancer screening. In addition, because of demonstrated heterogeneity in behaviors by smoking status, interventions may need to differ among eligible high-risk subgroups. To assess the engagement of high-risk smokers in other preventive healthcare behaviors, we examined healthcare use, including non-lung cancer screening, and healthcare...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract AP-1 is a dimeric complex that is composed of JUN, FOS, ATF and MAF protein families. FOS-related antigen 1 (FRA1) which encoded by FOSL1 gene, belongs to the FOS protein family, and mainly forms an AP-1 complex with the protein of the JUN family to exert an effect. Regulation of FRA1 occurs at levels of transcription and post-translational modification, and phosphorylation is the major post-translational modification. FRA1 is mainly regulated by the mitogen-activated protein kinases signaling pathway and is degraded by ubiquitin-independent proteasomes. FRA1 can affect biological functions, such as tumor...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The specific tumor profile in DS warrants an adapted screening program for breast, colon, cervical and testicular neoplasia. PMID: 31605815 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Medical Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Eur J Med Genet Source Type: research
This study investigated the prevalence and the distribution of FGFR aberrations in Chinese cancer patients.MethodsWe screened genomic profiling results of plasma or tissue samples from 10,582 patients spanning 16 cancer types: lung, breast, gastric, hepatobiliary, pancreatic, soft tissue sarcoma, esophageal, ovarian, colorectal, head and neck, renal, endometrial, osteogenic sarcoma, cervical, melanoma and lymphoma.ResultsOf the 10,582 patients screened, we observed 745 patients with FGFR aberrations, revealing an overall prevalence of 7.03%. Approximately, 3.78% harbored FGFR amplification, 2.73% had other mutations and 0....
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis is the first study evaluating a PRMT5 inhibitor. Overall, AEs were common but manageable. Patients with multiple tumor types responded to therapy. Part 2 of the study is open for subjects with predefined solid tumors and non-Hodgkin ’s lymphoma.Clinical trial identificationNCT02783300.Legal entity responsible for the studyGlaxoSmithKline.FundingGlaxoSmithKline.DisclosureL.L. Siu: Advisory / Consultancy: Merck (compensated), Pfizer (compensated), Celgene (compensated), AstraZeneca/Medimmune (compensated), Morphosys (compensated), Roche (compensated), GeneSeeq (compensated), Loxo (compensated), Oncorus ...
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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