“ Transformational Benefits ” of Ending Outdoor Defecation

A Dalit woman stands outside a dry toilet located in an upper caste villager’s home in Mainpuri, in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Credit: Shai Venkatraman/IPSBy External SourceUNITED NATIONS, Nov 18 2019 (IPS) Ending the practice of defecating in the open, rather than in a toilet, will have “transformational benefits” for some of the world’s most vulnerable people, says the UN’s partner sanitation body, the WSSCC (Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council). Ahead of World Toilet Day, which is marked annually on 19 November, WSSCC’s acting Executive Director, Sue Coates, has been speaking to UN News about how to end open defecation.   What is open defecation and where is it mostly practiced? Open defecation is when people defecate in the open – for example, in fields, forests, bushes, lakes and rivers – rather than using a toilet. Globally, the practice is decreasing steadily, however its elimination by 2030, one of the targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) requires a substantial acceleration in toilet use particularly in Central and Southern Asia, Eastern and Southeast Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. Poor sanitation and hygiene practices (for example, not handwashing with soap after defecation and before eating) contribute to over 800,000 deaths from diarrhoea annually, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) UN agencies report that of the 673 million people practicing open defeca...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Development & Aid Global Headlines Health Water & Sanitation Source Type: news

Related Links:

Resumo Este artigo avalia a rela ção de custos entre a saúde pública e a implementação do saneamento básico na capital da Guiné-Bissau. Analisaram-se seis cenários, incluindo três opções para o sistema de esgotamento sanitário (sistema coletivo com rede coletora e estação elevatória de esgoto, sistema simplificado i ndividual por latrina e sistema coletivo completo com rede coletora, estação elevatória e estação de tratamento de esgoto) e duas para o sistema de abastecimento de &...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Resumo Este artigo avalia a rela ção de custos entre a saúde pública e a implementação do saneamento básico na capital da Guiné-Bissau. Analisaram-se seis cenários, incluindo três opções para o sistema de esgotamento sanitário (sistema coletivo com rede coletora e estação elevatória de esgoto, sistema simplificado i ndividual por latrina e sistema coletivo completo com rede coletora, estação elevatória e estação de tratamento de esgoto) e duas para o sistema de abastecimento de &...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS The double-membrane antigen DNA vaccine SjTsp2-29 elicited protection against Schistosoma infection and might serve as a vaccine candidate. PMID: 31811711 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Conditions:   Meningitis;   Encephalitis;   Abscess Brain Intervention:   Other: Pragmatic, multi-component package Sponsors:   University of Liverpool;   National Institute for Health Research, United Kingdom;   Christian Medical College, Vellore, India;   National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, India;   Oswaldo Cruz Foundation;   Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme;   University of Malawi College of Medicine;   University of Warw...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Learn the indications for and proper administration of tafenoquine, a newly approved option for malaria chemoprophylaxis and antirelapse therapy.Morbidity &Mortality Weekly Report
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Public Health & Prevention Journal Article Source Type: news
ConclusionThese results indicate that A. farnesiana pods contain nematocidal compounds and might be promising natural anthelmintic agents against H. contortus. This leguminous plant could be used as a nutraceutical food source for the control of gastrointestinal nematodes in small ruminants.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract According to WHO "World health statistics 2018", malaria, alongside acute respiratory infections and diarrhoea, is one of the major infectious disease causing children's death in between the age of 1-5 years. Similarly, according to another report (2016), malaria accounts for approximately 3.14% of the total disease burden by cause of the world. Although malaria has been widely eradicated in many parts of the world, the global number of cases continues to rise due to rapid spread of malaria parasites that are resistant to antimalarial drugs. Artemisinin 8, a major breakthrough in the antimalaria...
Source: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Curr Top Med Chem Source Type: research
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 009 The diagnosis of HIV is no longer fatal and the term AIDS is becoming less frequent. In many countries, people with HIV are living longer than those with diabetes. This post will hopefully teach the basics of a complex disease and demystify some of the potential diseases you need to consider in those who are severely immunosuppressed. While trying to be comprehensive this post can not be exhaustive (as you can imagine any patient with ...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine AIDS art cryptococcoma cryptococcus HIV HIV1 HIV2 PEP PrEP TB toxoplasma tuberculoma Source Type: blogs
Conclusions. Solid organ and bone marrow transplantations, blood transfusions and immunosuppressive treatment are associated with a small but real risk of parasitic infections in European citizens. In patients with severe parasitic infection, i.e., those with lung or brain involvement or a disseminated disease, the progression is very rapid and the prognosis is bad. Establishing a diagnosis before the patient's death is challenging. PMID: 30344258 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 November 2016 Source:The Lancet Author(s): Li Liu, Shefali Oza, Dan Hogan, Yue Chu, Jamie Perin, Jun Zhu, Joy E Lawn, Simon Cousens, Colin Mathers, Robert E Black Background Despite remarkable progress in the improvement of child survival between 1990 and 2015, the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 target of a two-thirds reduction of under-5 mortality rate (U5MR) was not achieved globally. In this paper, we updated our annual estimates of child mortality by cause to 2000–15 to reflect on progress toward the MDG 4 and consider implications for the Sustainable Development Goals ...
Source: The Lancet - Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research
More News: African Health | Child Development | Children | Diarrhoea | Funding | Girls | Grants | India Health | International Medicine & Public Health | Madagascar Health | Malaria | Men | Niger Health | Nigeria Health | Parasitic Diseases | Parasitology | Rural Health | Tanzania Health | WHO | Women