Bugs, Drugs, and Shrugs

AbstractExperimental evidence “proves” that IL‐17 plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease, but blocking IL‐17 makes Crohn's disease worse.[1, 2] Only a subset of patients with melanoma benefit from checkpoint inhibitors[3] and only a subset of patients with any rheumatic disease benefit fr om a specific therapy. A scientist at the NIH using a rodent model can't replicate the experimental results of a scientist at Harvard. The intestinal microbiome might provide the explanation for each of these seemingly disparate conundrums.
Source: Arthritis and Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThese results suggest that FOXP3+ lymphocyte status is a potential predictive biomarker in patients with OL and may affect multistep carcinogenesis from OL to oral squamous cell carcinoma.
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionsThyroidectomy may only be required during total laryngectomy for selected cases of advanced transglottic tumors and tumors with subglottic extension more than 10 mm.ResumoIntroduçãoEm geral, a invasão da glândula tireoide não é uma característica do carcinoma laríngeo avançado, não sendo necessário realizar tireoidectomia em todos os casos de laringectomia total.ObjetivosAvaliar a frequência da invasão da glândula tireoide em pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular avançado de laringe submetidos à laringe...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: International Journal of PharmaceuticsAuthor(s): Sakshi Tomar, Sarbani Chakraborti, Akshita Jindal, Maninderjeet Kaur Grewal, Renu ChadhaAbstractThe effectiveness of Diacerein as an anti-osteoarthritis drug is limited due to its acutely poor aqueous solubility and bioavailability. The present study demonstrates cocrystallization as a successful technique to improve the biopharmaceutical parameters of diacerein. Three cocrystals of diacerein were prepared by an eco-friendly technique with three suitable coformers namely isonicotinamide, nicotinamide, and theophylline...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The present study supported the genetic association of MTN pathway genes with SLE susceptibility and specific clinical manifestations, suggesting the potential role of MTN pathway genes in the pathogenesis and development of SLE. PMID: 31815152 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: J Immunol Res Source Type: research
Discussion MDSCs violently emerge in pathological conditions in an attempt to limit potentially harmful immune and inflammatory responses. Mechanisms supporting their expansion and survival are deeply investigated in cancer, in the perspective to reactivate specific antitumor responses and prevent their contribution to disease evolution. These findings will likely contribute to improve the targeting of MDSCs in anticancer immunotherapies, either alone or in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors. New evidence indicates that the expansion of myeloid cell differentiation in pathology is subject to fine-tuning, as its...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Gulcin Tezcan1, Ekaterina V. Martynova1, Zarema E. Gilazieva1, Alan McIntyre2, Albert A. Rizvanov1 and Svetlana F. Khaiboullina1,3* 1Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia 2Centre for Cancer Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom 3Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Nevada, Reno, Reno, NV, United States Inflammation has a crucial role in protection against various pathogens. The inflammasome is an intracellular multiprotein signaling complex that is linked to pathogen sensing and...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we identified 37 genus-level core bacteria from feces of 101 healthy mice with different ages, sexes, and mouse strains in three previous studies. They collectively represented nearly half of the total sequences, and predominantly included carbohydrate- and amino acids-metabolizing bacteria and immunomodulatory bacteria. Among them, Anaerostipes indwelt the gut of all healthy mice. Co-abundance analysis showed that these core genera were clustered into five groups (Group C1–C5), which were ecologically related. For example, the abundances of Group C2 including probiotics Bifidobacterium and Lactobacill...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Discussion The nail matrix covers the area of the nail plate, and extends proximally in a crescent moon shape with the edges of the crescent extending proximally and inferiorly toward the underlying bone. The nail matrix is a multilayered epithelium that physiologically produces keratinization and gives rise to the nail plate. The distal matrix forms the lower 2/3s of the nail plate and the proximal matrix forms the upper 1/3 of the nail plate. the thickness of the nail plate is proportion to the matrix’s thickness. The nail plate’s free edge contour follows the shape of the nail’s lunula. Melanocytes occ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
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Source: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Letter to Editor Source Type: research
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