Areca nut use disorder: A dynamic model map

Rooban Thavarajah, Kannan Ranganathan, Elizabeth Joshua, Umadevi Krishnamohan RaoIndian Journal of Dental Research 2019 30(4):612-621 Problem: Areca nut (AN) chewing is common among Southeast Asian population. Use of AN products (with or without tobacco) have a multifaceted effect on physical health, especially on cardiovascular, nervous, gastrointestinal, metabolic, respiratory, and reproductive systems. AN is a known group 1 carcinogen and carries addictive potential. Varying degrees of AN-related substance use disorder (SUD) have been reported among AN chewers. There is a lacuna in awareness of the health risk of AN use, prevention, and cessation programs among AN users, particularly in those who have developed SUD. Existing Lacunae: The dynamic interaction of factors that promote AN use and later the risk of developing SUD at individual and community level has not been studied in depth. Understanding of the bio-psycho-socio-economic-cultural factors is necessary to identify the factors that prelude, promote, and reinforce AN usage. For managing AN-related conditions, including the several systemic disorders, there is a knowledge lacunae, among health care providers with respect to the pathophysiology of AN-related health issues, SUD, and nonavailability of structured, evidence-based cessation protocols. Solutions/Recommendations: This manuscript presents a model-map to study the dynamics of AN use and the impact of AN on health and health care system at individual as wel...
Source: Indian Journal of Dental Research - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 22 January 2020Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological PsychiatryAuthor(s): Talise E. Müller, Barbara D. Fontana, Kanandra T. Bertoncello, Francini Franscescon, Nathana J. Mezzomo, Julia Canzian, Flavia V. Stefanello, Matthew O. Parker, Robert Gerlai, Denis B. RosembergAbstractDrug abuse and brain disorders related to drug comsumption are public health problems with harmful individual and social consequences. The identification of therapeutic targets and precise pharmacological treatments to these neuropsychiatric conditions associated with drug abuse are urgently...
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: First year exams are a major source of stress amongst first-year medical students. OBJECTIVE: To explore antidepressant and anxiolytic consumption and addictive behavior of medical students before and after exams. METHODS: Medic...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news
Say you’ve received a brand-new Fitbit for Christmas to get you started in tracking your exercise routine and reach your fitness goals. Great! However, there might be more going on behind the scenes of you keeping fit with the help of technology than meets the eye… At The Medical Futurist, we’re great fans of wearables (or health trackers) that help you make more informed decisions when it comes to your health. However, we can’t stay indifferent to the potential risks which using these devices entail such as individual tracking, inaccuracies and even supplementing harmful behaviours. Just lik...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Health Sensors & Trackers digital health fitness wearables healthcare design fitness trackers digital health sensors Source Type: blogs
Over half of Britons gambled in the past year, so why does it become a problem for some?
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to test the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Smartphone Application-Based Addiction Scale (SABAS; Csibi et al.,International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction,16, 393 –403,2018), a short and easy to use six-item tool for screening the risk of addiction to smartphone-based applications. A further goal was to explore the impact on smartphone addiction of several variables related to smartphone use habits, perceived quality of life, and sociability measures. The data were collected online from 205 Italian-speaking volunteers (128 males and 77 females age...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
This report explores the use of technology among children and young people. It looks at the wider impact of different types of screen use on the mental health of children and young people including issues around screen time, the impact of negative content, and the potential for bullying and addiction. It also explores how vulnerable groups such as those with mental health problems and very young children may be affected and discusses issues around safeguarding.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 22, 2020 -- Treatment with the opioid addiction drug buprenorphine is on the rise among most age groups in the United States, but falling among 15- to 24-year-olds, a new study finds. " While it's encouraging to see an overall...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
More treatment and fewer arrests for those with drug addictions is the goal of a new program created by the Tucson Police Department, the University of Arizona, CODAC Health, Recovery&Wellness, and Pima County.
Source: The University of Arizona: Health - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Source Type: research
(Houston Methodist) Surgeons at Houston Methodist Hospital are stemming the tide of addiction to prescription opioids by managing patients' pain after surgery.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Computers in Human BehaviorAuthor(s): Jan Dieris-Hirche, Magdalena Pape, Bert Theodor te Wildt, Aram Kehyayan, Maren Esch, Salam Aicha, Stephan Herpertz, Laura BottelAbstractCurrent psychological models for the development of specific internet-use disorders consider predisposing core characteristics (e.g. biopsychological constitution, psychopathology, early childhood experiences, and personality traits) that are involved in the early behavioral addiction process. The cross-sectional study discussed in this paper examined several likely relevant psychological variab...
Source: Computers in Human Behavior - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
More News: Addiction | Cancer & Oncology | Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Dentistry | Gastroenterology | Health Management | Heart | India Health | Respiratory Medicine | Smokers | Study