Salivary flow rate, pH and buffering capacity in patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment – A prospective study

Conclusion: Salivary flow rate increases significantly during fixed orthodontic treatment. Salivary pH and buffering capacity showed no significant changes suggesting that they are not sole factors for demineralization in orthodontic patients.
Source: Indian Journal of Dental Research - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research

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AbstractThe aim of this controlled randomized double-blinded clinical trial was to evaluate the use of a CO2 laser with or without topical application of acidulated fluorides in the prevention of dental caries in partially erupted first permanent molars. We selected 61 healthy children at high risk of caries, all between 6 and 8 (7.1  ± 0.8) years of age and with 4 partially erupted first permanent molars. A CO2 laser device emitting at 10.6  μm was used (0.5 W, 0.05 mJ per pulse, 10 kHz). Each first molar in an individual was randomly assigned to one treatment: (L) CO2 laser (0....
Source: Lasers in Medical Science - Category: Laser Surgery Source Type: research
Khan The aims of this study were to evaluate oral health knowledge and assess the practice of preventive measures for oral health care among intermediate schoolchildren in Abha, Saudi Arabia. Information about oral health was collected through a questionnaire containing closed-ended questions, which was distributed to children of six randomly selected intermediate schools. Most (82.3%) of the schoolchildren were aware that good oral health is important for general health. The priority for oral health information was given to dentists (31.6%), whereas teachers were given the least priority (19.1%). About half (53.5%) ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study aims to assess mother ’s knowledge and practice towards the effects of iron supplement use on dental caries and staining of 6 months to 2 year‑old children in Yazd, Iran.Methods and Material: A randomized cross-sectional study was conducted among 403 mother– child (between 6 monthsTo 2 years) pairs who referred to health service centres in Yazd in 2011. Using a questionnaire, we assessed mother's knowledge and practice, and categorized it as sufficient or insufficient. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis.Results: Knowledge, and practice was sufficient in 241 (59.8%), and 273 (67.7%) m...
Source: Journal of Dental Materials and Techniques - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Condition:   Dental Caries in Children Intervention:   Other: dental caries, growth parametres Sponsor:   Bezmialem Vakif University Active, not recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Abstract Dental caries is one of the most common diseases worldwide. Bacteria and fungi are both commensals in the oral cavity; however, most research regarding caries has focused on bacterial impacts. The oral fungal mycobiome associated with caries is not well characterized and its role in disease is unclear. ITS1 amplicon sequencing was used to generate taxonomic profiles from site-specific supragingival plaque samples (n=82) obtained from 33 children with different caries status. Children were either caries-free (CF), caries-active with enamel lesions (CAE), or caries-active with dentin lesions (CA). Plaque sa...
Source: Applied and Environmental Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Appl Environ Microbiol Source Type: research
Condition:   Dental Caries in Children Intervention:   Other: dental caries, growth parametres Sponsor:   Bezmialem Vakif University Active, not recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Lactobacillus spp. play a major role in the development of dental caries. Although effective methods are known for the prevention and management of dental caries, its prevalence of dental caries is increasing amo...
Source: BMC Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Despite great improvement in child oral health, some children subgroups still suffer from higher levels of dental caries. Geographic and socioeconomic barriers and the lack of access to dental care services ar...
Source: BMC Oral Health - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research
Conclusion: The new tool has sound psychometric properties, is relatively short, culturally equivalent, age-specific, and can assess both positive and negative aspects of adolescent oral health. Further testing in longitudinal studies is required to determine its usefulness as an outcome measure.
Source: Indian Journal of Dental Research - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study showed a high prevalence of dental caries, periodontal problem, and tooth wear. This emphasizes the need for community-based awareness program on dental health and recommends periodic dental health screening program at the community level for early diagnosis and better treatment.
Source: Indian Journal of Dental Research - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
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