Oncogenic potential of nucleoporins in non-hematological cancers: recent update beyond chromosome translocation and gene fusion

ConclusionAlthough classically, majority of studies have shown oncogenic roles of nucleoporins as genetic fusion partners in several types of leukemia, emerging evidence suggests that nucleoporins also modulate many cellular signaling pathways that are associated with several major non-hematological malignancies, such as carcinomas of skin, breast, lung, prostate and colon. Hence, nucleoporins are emerging as novel therapeutic targets in human tumors.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 4 December 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Marc Arbyn, Elisabete Weiderpass, Laia Bruni, Silvia de Sanjosé, Mona Saraiya, Jacques Ferlay, Freddie BraySummaryBackgroundThe knowledge that persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main cause of cervical cancer has resulted in the development of prophylactic vaccines to prevent HPV infection and HPV assays that detect nucleic acids of the virus. WHO has launched a Global Initiative to scale up preventive, screening, and treatment interventions to eliminate cervical cancer as a public health problem during th...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 4 December 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Afsan Bhadelia
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Both low and high Hgb levels were associated with an increased risk of death from various causes, and some diseases showed different patterns according to sex. PMID: 31795616 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Med Public Health Source Type: research
A new "virtual biopsy" using ultrasound guidance allows doctors to definitively...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: USPSTF again dismisses pancreatic cancer screening New class of radiotracers targets many cancer types Can radiomics detect pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma? Optical imaging finds small tumors
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Contributor : Janet L StanfordSeries Type : Expression profiling by arrayOrganism : Homo sapiensPrognostic biomarkers are useful to screen patients with clinically localized prostate cancer (PCa) who are at high risk of metastatic progression. The tumor transcriptome can be used to evaluate the aggressiveness of PCa and predict adverse patient outcomes. Genomewide gene expression levels were measured in primary tumor samples of 503 patients in a population ‐based cohort.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Homo sapiens Source Type: research
This study demonstrated that a homogeneous polysaccharide (HPS) extracted from Hawthorn exerted anti-cancer effects on colon cancer cells. Human colon cancer cell line HCT116 were treated with 125–1000 µg/mL HPS for 12 h and subsequent analysis was performed on proliferation and signaling pathways. HPS significantly inhibited proliferation of HCT116 cells when analyzed using WST-1 assay and immunofluorescence staining of Ki-67. Flow cytometric studies revealed that HPS could arrest the cell cycle in the S and G2/M phases and increase the rate of apoptosis. HPS downregulated the expression of Cyclin A1...
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Although classically, majority of studies have shown oncogenic roles of nucleoporins as genetic fusion partners in several types of leukemia, emerging evidence suggests that nucleoporins also modulate many cellular signaling pathways that are associated with several major non-hematological malignancies, such as carcinomas of skin, breast, lung, prostate and colon. Hence, nucleoporins are emerging as novel therapeutic targets in human tumors. PMID: 31654122 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Source: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Cancer Res Clin Oncol Source Type: research
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