Existing and emerging smoking cessation options for people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders

.
Source: Journal of Addictive Diseases - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research

Related Links:

(Nagoya University) The reward pathway of the brain causes feelings of happiness but is also involved in behavioral disorders like schizophrenia and addiction. A breakthrough study by scientists in Japan has now identified the role of a protein called Npas4 in the reward pathway, mediated by the well-known proteins MAPK and CBP, opening doors to potential therapies for associated disorders. Cocaine-treated mice with inactivated Npas4 exhibited considerable reduction in cocaine-seeking behavior, emphasizing the relevance of the protein.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Am I an Alcoholic? Alcoholism (also known as Alcohol Use Disorder, or AUD) is a chronic, relapsing disease affecting millions of individuals in the United States. According to the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 51 percent of the population aged 12 and older reported binge drinking in the past month. More than 14 million individuals aged 12 and older were suffering from alcoholism. And each year, more than 2,200 individuals die due to alcohol poisoning. Many may come to wonder, “Am I an alcoholic?” What Causes Alcoholism? Some individuals are more prone to alcoholism than others. Alcoholism...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Alcoholism alcohol abuse alcohol treatment alcohol treatment center alcohol treatment facility alcoholic alcoholic behavior alcoholics Source Type: blogs
Authors: Beszłej JA, Wieczorek T, Kobyłko A, Piotrowski P, Siwicki D, Weiser A, Fila-Witecka K, Rymaszewska J, Tabakow P Abstract Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a treatment method that is currently getting more and more attention from psychiatrists. It has proven to be efficacious and safe in the treatment of neurological disorders, mainly Parkinson's disease (PD), dystonia and essential tremor. DBS has very often contributed to successful treatment in cases that had proved resistant to all other methods of treatment. Nowadays treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is the main psychiatric indica...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research
We all have an idea in our heads of what a mass shooter looks like. But how accurate is it? Does anyone actually know? Who would you trust to find out? Is there any data on this? Well, now there is. The National Council on Behavioral Health has recently completed a comprehensive report, “Mass Violence in America: Causes, Impacts, and Solutions.” Listen in as our host interviews the medical director of the National Council for an in-depth explanation of what this exhaustive document has revealed. SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW Guest information for ‘National Council on Behavioral Health’ Podcast Episode D...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Anger Brain and Behavior Interview Mental Health and Wellness Podcast Policy and Advocacy Psychiatry Psychology Research The Psych Central Show Violence and Aggression Source Type: blogs
What exactly is psychosis? What happens in the brain of a person with schizophrenia who is hallucinating? Schizophrenic Rachel Star Withers shares her personal hallucinations and delusions and Dr. Joseph Goldberg, who specializes in researching what goes on in the brain when someone is experiencing psychosis, joins to break down how the brain functions during psychotic episodes. Host Rachel Star Withers, a diagnosed schizophrenic, and co-host Gabe Howard delve into these intense subjects in this episode of Inside Schizophrenia.  Highlights from “Psychosis in Schizophrenia” Episode [02:13]  Rachel, do...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain and Behavior Disorders General Inside Schizophrenia Mental Health and Wellness Active psychosis Delusions Delusions Hallucinations Living with Schizoprenia Mental Disorder Mental Illness Psychology psychotic Psychotic Break Source Type: blogs
Authors: Nedic Erjavec G, Svob Strac D, Tudor L, Konjevod M, Sagud M, Pivac N Abstract Psychiatric disorders such as addiction (substance use and addictive disorders), depression, eating disorders, schizophrenia, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are severe, complex, multifactorial mental disorders that carry a high social impact, enormous public health costs, and various comorbidities as well as premature morbidity. Their neurobiological foundation is still not clear. Therefore, it is difficult to uncover new set of genes and possible genetic markers of these disorders since the understanding of the molecu...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Introduction: More than half of psychiatric patients have comorbid substance use disorder (dual diagnosis) and this rate, confirmed by many epidemiological studies, is substantially higher compared to general population. Combined operation of self-medication mechanisms, common etiological factors, and mutually causative influences most likely accounts for comorbidity, which, despite its clinical prevalence, remains underrepresented in psychiatric research, especially in terms of neuroimaging. The current paper attempts to review and discuss all existing methodologically sustainable structural and functional neuroimaging st...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2019Source: International Journal of PsychophysiologyAuthor(s): Eliana Vassena, Filip Van Opstal, Ingeborg Goethals, Tom VergutsAbstractThe ability to exert control has been widely investigated as a hallmark of adaptive behaviour. Dopamine is recognized as the key neuromodulator mediating various control-related processes. The neural mechanisms underlying the subjective perception of being in control, or Locus of Control (LOC) are however less clear. LOC indicates the subjective tendency to attribute environmental outcomes to one's actions (internal LOC) or instead to external ...
Source: International Journal of Psychophysiology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Abstract Our aim was to examine whether ACEs associate to regular smoking and nicotine dependence (ND) among 508 psychiatric inpatients aged 13-17 years. Adolescents were interviewed using the Schedule for Affective Disorder and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children and the European Addiction Severity Index -instruments. ND was measured with the modified Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire. In girls, all violent ACEs (domestic violence, physical abuse at home, sexual abuse) were related to regular smoking and some family-related ACEs (parental divorce and substance use problems) both to regular smoking an...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
You're reading 8 Nootropics to Stimulate Your Brain This Fall, originally posted on Pick the Brain | Motivation and Self Improvement. If you're enjoying this, please visit our site for more inspirational articles. Nootropics is a term coined by Dr. Corneliu E. Giurgea to describe a class of drugs, supplements, and other synthetic and naturally occurring compounds that improve cognitive function in our brains. They’re often called “smart drugs,” as they can help us think faster and more efficiently. Although used by pretty much everyone, these nootropic supplements are especially popular among youn...
Source: PickTheBrain | Motivation and Self Improvement - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: featured health and fitness self improvement nootropics pickthebrain Source Type: blogs
More News: Addiction | Schizophrenia | Smokers