Prognostic Value of Metabolic Information in Advanced Gastric Cancer Using Preoperative 18 F-FDG PET/CT

ConclusionHigh SUVmax and high MTV of the primary tumor suggest a high risk of recurrence for AGC patients. Even if SUVmax is similar, the prognosis may vary depending on MTV. Combining PET parameters results in a better prediction for prognosis.
Source: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research

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Abstract Distant metastases from breast cancer are frequently found in bones, lungs and the liver. Metastasis to the stomach is rare, and its clinical presentation remains unclear. The present report describes a case of isolated gastric metastasis from breast cancer identified by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT). A 45-year-old female patient underwent right mastectomy and axillary lymph node dissection after preoperative chemotherapy for right invasive lobular breast carcinoma T4bN2M0, stage IIIB. Postoperative radiotherapy and endocrine therapy with tamoxifen for 5 years were performed. CT for postopera...
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Mol Clin Oncol Source Type: research
Authors: Kim H, Ha SY, Kim J, Kang M, Lee J Abstract Immunotherapy has emerged as a standard of cancer treatment, with an increasing number of indications. Recently, opportunistic infections have been reported in several cases in which immunotherapy has led to an increased susceptibility to infection. The present case is the first report of cytomegalovirus (cmv) gastritis occurring in a patient with melanoma during immunotherapy without immune-related adverse events (iraes) and without the use of immunosuppressant agents. A 43-year-old woman presented with stage iii malignant melanoma. She underwent wide excision o...
Source: Current Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Curr Oncol Source Type: research
Many children with gastric feeding intolerance require postpyloric tube feeding via a gastrojejunal (GJ) tube. Placement or positioning of these tubes is typically a procedure with a low dose of radiation. Although the risk of developing cancer from radiation exposure owing to computed tomography scans is well-documented in children, the risk of cumulative radiation exposure owing to frequent GJ tube replacement often goes unnoticed in the clinical decision-making process. We sought to define the frequency and cost of GJ tube replacement, quantify the radiation doses associated with the initial placement and replacements, ...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractThe present study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of intra-tumor metabolic heterogeneity on 2-[18F] Fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for patients with gastric cancer. Fifty-five patients with advanced gastric cancer that had received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radical surgery were included. Clinicopathological information,18F-FDG PET/CT before chemotherapy, pathological response, recurrence or metastasis, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) of the patients were collected. The maximum, peak, and mean standardized uptake va...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Source Type: research
Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals, Ahead of Print.
Source: Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionHepatic steatosis developed in 24% of patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy but was not associated with increased morbidity or mortality after pancreatoduodenectomy.
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionPatients with cancer who need treatment can be treated by taking some measures. These measures include observing individual and collective protection principles in patients and health-care personnel, increasing patients ’ awareness particularly about self-care behavior, performing a COVID-19 test, and taking a chest X-ray, before the treatment starts
Source: International Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Neck dissection for cervical lymph node metastases from remote primary malignancies may improve prognoses, especially considering anticancer agents and radiotherapy advancements. PMID: 32664344 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a common condition, loosely defined by some physicians as a stomach ache without a clear cause. More specifically, it is characterized by the feeling of fullness during or after a meal, or a burning sensation in the mid-upper abdomen, just below the rib cage (not necessarily associated with meals). The symptoms can be severe enough to interfere with finishing meals or participating in regular daily activities. Those with FD often go through multiple tests like upper endoscopy, CT scan, and gastric emptying study. But despite often-severe symptoms, no clear cause (such as cancer, ulcer disease, ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Digestive Disorders Mind body medicine Pain Management Source Type: blogs
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) measured while restaging with F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) to predict the 3-year post-recurrence survival (PRS) in patients with recurrent gastric cancer after curative surgical resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 47 patients with recurrent gastric cancer after curative resection who underwent restaging with 18F-FDG PET/CT were included. For the semiquantitative analysis, SUVmax was measured over the visually ...
Source: Korean J Radiol - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Korean J Radiol Source Type: research
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