Manganese oxide nanofoam prepared by pulsed laser deposition for high performance supercapacitor electrodes

Publication date: Available online 18 November 2019Source: Materials Chemistry and PhysicsAuthor(s): J.N. Lacerda, D.F. Franceschini, E.A. Ponzio, Laura M. Esteves, R.B. Guimarães, Y.T. XingAbstractManganese oxide nanofoam has been prepared by pulsed laser deposition, from a metallic Mn target in a 5 Torr pressure O2 buffer atmosphere. The as-prepared samples were heat-treated at different temperatures (300 °C - 500 °C) in air. Both as-deposited and heat-treated samples have a high porosity foam-like morphology, as shown by Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy. High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy revealed that the nanofoam is composed by linked nanoparticles with slight crystallization and growth of the nanoparticles due to heat-treatment, which was confirmed by X-ray diffraction, Raman Spectroscopy and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy. These techniques also showed a variable oxide composition upon heat treatment. The supercapacitive properties of manganese oxide nanofoam treated at 300 °C exhibited a specific capacitance higher than 1000 F/g, in the 0 to +1.0 V potential range. After heat treatment at 400 °C and 500 °C, the specific capacitance decreased compared to that of the 300 °C treated sample. An increase of about 130% in the initial capacitance was obtained after 500 cycles for this sample. However, it decreases to one third of the maximum value after 5000 cycles. The results shows that the obtained manganese oxide n...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

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