Potentiation of morphine-induced antinociception by harmaline: involvement of μ-opioid and ventral tegmental area NMDA receptors

ConclusionThe findings showed that harmaline potentiated the analgesic effect of morphine and reduced morphine tolerance. Glutamatergic and μ-opioidergic system interactions in the VTA seem to have a modulatory role in harmaline plus morphine-induced analgesia.
Source: Psychopharmacology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Related Links:

ConclusionSurgery remains the choice of therapy for pelvic MBD that resulted in alleviation of pain and quality of life improvement.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: Orthopaedics &Traumatology: Surgery &ResearchAuthor(s): Jean-Yves JennyAbstractHip or knee revision for infection requires careful planning of the debridement phase. Bacteriological sample management needs to be planned. Multidisciplinary decisions have to be taken as to 1- or 2-stage strategy, reconstruction technique and soft-tissue management. Surgical resection should be complete while economical. There must be no shortcomings in the technical procedure. Implant removal and surgical debridement are the keys to curing the infection, and planning is essent...
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Authors: Masuy I, Pannemans J, Tack J Abstract Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) encountered in clinical practice. In the absence of an accurate biomarker for the disorder, IBS is mainly diagnosed based symptomology using the Rome criteria. Due to the heterogeneity of the disorder, finding the correct treatment option is often challenging. In general, lifestyle and dietary changes, including the low-FODMAP of gluten-free diet, are the first-in-line treatment for all patients. Issues with dietary changes are the strict elimination of multiple food ...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research
Background: Despite advances in pain management, several patients continue to experience severe acute pain after lumbar spine surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and effectiveness of single ultra–low-dose intrathecal (IT) naloxone in combination with IT morphine for reducing pain intensity, pruritus, nausea, and vomiting in patients undergoing lumbar laminectomy with spinal fusion. Materials and Methods: In this double-blind trial, patients scheduled for lumbar laminectomy with spinal fusion were randomly assigned to receive single ultra–low-dose IT naloxone (20 μg) and IT mor...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Clinical Investigations Source Type: research
Although FDG-PET/MRI shows promise for accurate staging of breast cancer, the...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: PET/MRI sheds light on cerebral vascular risk factors PET/MRI can pinpoint causes of chronic extremity pain SNMMI: FDG-PET/MRI improves pain diagnosis, management PET/MRI offers view to atherosclerotic disease origin TOF PET/MRI makes dose reduction viable for breast cancer
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Publication date: November 2019Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, Volume 26, Issue 6Author(s): Harish Seethapathy, Lama NoureddineCalciphylaxis is a rare disorder of poor prognosis that can lead to intense, painful lesions involving the skin and subcutaneous tissue. Although mostly described in dialysis patients, it can affect patients with normal kidney function. The diagnosis of calciphylaxis is complicated by the absence of a gold standard marker of disease such as a clear histopathological finding. Late diagnosis and advanced lesions can significantly shorten life expectancy. Calciphylaxis wounds can have a ma...
Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
This study aims to determine whether an e-health intervention that incorporates symptom/disease activity monitoring and physical activity counselling can improve self-management ability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).MethodsThe ‘Empowering active self-management of arthritis: Raising the bar with OPERAS (an On-demand Program to EmpoweR Active Self-management)’ project is a randomized controlled trial that uses a delayed control design. One hundred thirty-four participants with RA will be randomly assigned to start the intervention either immediately (immediate group) or 6 months later (delaye...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
AbstractUrinary tract infection (UTI) is defined as the growth of a significant number of microorganisms of a single species in the urine, in the presence of symptoms. Symptoms in young children are non-specific such as fever without focus; young infants may manifest with irritability, failure to thrive, jaundice, vomiting and diarrhea. Older children usually have symptoms of cystitis or pyelonephritis. Symptoms of cystitis are dysuria, frequency, new onset incontinence and malodorous urine while symptoms of pyelonephritis are high grade fever, flank pain and vomiting. Rapid urine testing by microscopy for pus cells, dipst...
Source: Indian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Abstract Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder with recurrent abdominal pain and altered defecation habits. We here attempted to determine the effect of acupuncture on IBS. Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Web of science, and ClinicalTrials.gov till July 17, 2019 were searched. Outcomes were total efficacy rates, overall IBS symptom scores, or global quality of life scores. Standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) and risk ratio (RR) with 95% CI were calcul...
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: European Journal of Integrative MedicineAuthor(s): Xiao-Qing Wang, Pei-Bei Duan, Man Zheng, Qian Xu, Li-Hua Yang, A-Qin WangAbstractIntroductionAuricular acupuncture has been used for pain management. A more recent technique which buries an intradermal needle into the skin may provides long lasting stimulation and enhance analgesia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of perioperative auricular acupuncture technique via intradermal needling buried on postoperative movement-evoked pain reduction of patients with advanced gastric can...
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
More News: Morphine | Pain | Pain Management | Psychiatry