Professors ’ Romantic Advances Undermine Students’ Academic Interest, Confidence, and Identification
AbstractExpressions of sexual interest on the part of professors toward students can be unfairly coercive due to the power dynamic involved. Three experiments (totaling 336 participants) explore a different cost of such sexual overtures or “passes.” That cost involves students’ interest in pursuing success in the scholarly field in which the pass occurred. U.S. college students, both male and female, contemplated receiving a pass from a professor who had previously praised their abilities in a valued field of study. Afterwards, compared to their peers who did not contemplate such a pass, those who did imagine a pass reported decreased academic identification (Experiments 1 and 3), more negative perceptions about how their professor viewed them (and more negative perceptions of their professor; Experiments 1–3), and lower state self-esteem (Experiment 3). Female students were more susceptible to these deleterious consequence than were male students, and the difference persisted regardless of the professor’s gender (Experiment 2). This gender difference was due in part to women’s more intense reaction to the doub ts that the pass raised for them about their academic fitness. These results hold important implications for how sexual advances in academic settings should be viewed by suggesting an important and previously undocumented set of negative consequences that arise when professors make passes at student s.
Conclusions Prevalence of problematic behavior is estimated between 10% and 20% of plastic surgery residents. Type of problematic behavior are similar between integrated and independent residents. Warning signs on initial application are uncommon. As such, understanding problematic behaviors and methods to manage them are essential.
In this study, it was aimed to demonstrate that posterior perichondrioadipodermal flap is a safe and simple method for revision otoplasty. The technique is highly advantageous if the primary otoplasty technique is a cartilage-sparing method. However, if the primary otoplasty technique is a cartilage-sculpting method, the efficiency of this technique remains unknown because no patient in this study had cartilage-sculpting otoplasty as primary otoplasty, which is possibly the main drawback of this study.
Background The goal of microsurgical breast reconstruction is to return to the precancer state, maximizing symmetry with less morbidity. This requires a long learning curve, in particular where modeling is concerned. In this context, reverse engineering technologies found an application, allowing the creation of molds that can be used during the surgery. Method We created 10 molds named DIEP sizers, which help to simplify deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap insetting. For this, we designed a virtual model using Geomagic X software to construct the sizers. Our model has a thorax circumference, breast projec...
Conclusions Our findings reveal that the majority of survey respondents do not immobilize the extremities after autograft without joint involvement. When grafts cross major joints, most surgeons immobilize for 3 or 5 days. Despite some practice variability, surveyed burn surgeons' current lower extremity ambulation practices generally align with the 2012 guidelines of Nedelec et al.
Conclusions It is fundamental that appropriate diagnostic and management guidelines are developed. Furthermore, this case highlights the importance of educating patient's carers and health professionals of key symptoms to be wary of postburn.
The purpose of this study was to explore the difference in clinical outcome of 2-strand and 4-strand flexor tendon repairs in a single unit in adult population. A total of 109 complete divisions of a single flexor tendon were analyzed from 2016 to 2018 retrospectively. Thirty flexor tendons were repaired with 2-strand and 79 tendons were repaired with 4-strand technique. There was no significant difference in the complication rate including rupture, infection, and adhesions. These results support that 4-strand is not superior than 2-strand and that lower volume type of repair would be preferable.
Conclusions We used SIGs to correct nasal deformity in patients with cleft lip nose deformity. The SIG can minimize the amount of the graft used for septal extension and can effectively correct nasal tip and columella deformities.
Conclusion Based on photogrammetry, primary cleft nasal correction in our patients with unilateral cleft lip achieved acceptable and stable outcomes during early childhood.
Conclusions The use of vascularized free omentum flap was effective in cases involving intractable cranial wound infection.
Conclusions Overall, a majority of patients recovered well postoperatively with minimal complications and low rate of reoperation. Our research provides a foundation to develop a risk-stratified approach to determine the need for an ICU admission or early transfer to floor care.