What is the Lifespan for a Child with Holoprosencephaly?

Discussion Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a clefting problem of the brain. “[HPE] the result of incomplete or absent midline division of the embryonic forebrain into distinct cerebral hemispheres (prosencephalon) between the 18th and 28th day after conception.” There are four distinct subtypes: Alobar – both hemispheres are completely fused and are not separated into the left and right hemispheres. There is agenesis of the corpus callosum, arrhinencephaly and a single ventricle with fused thalami. Facial features are almost always affected. Semilobar – the cerebral hemispheres are fused anteriorly but are separated posteriorly. There is agenesis or hypoplasia of the corpus callosum and the olfactory bulbs and tracts are usually absent. Facial features are often affected. Lobar – the cerebral hemispheres are almost completely separated however the corpus callosum and olfactory lobes may be incompletely developed. Facial features may not be affected or are affected to a lesser degree. Middle interhemispheric – occurs when the posterior frontal and parietal lobes are incompletely separated. This is the least severely affected form. The prevalence of HPE is one in 10,000 to 100,000 live births depending on the study. In certain subtypes there is a female preponderance. “Cyclopia a congenital malformation characterized by the presence of a single eye,…located in the middle of the face in the place normally occupied by the roof of ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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This study investigated the effects of 12 wk of postexercise kefir consumption in cancer survivors who have undergone chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. Methods All participants were enrolled in a structured exercise training program and separated into kefir (KEF) or control (CON) treatment groups. KEF consumed 8 oz. of kefir after exercise sessions (3 d·wk−1) for 12 wk. Outcome measures included assessments for body size and composition, aerobic fitness and muscular strength, medical history, and psychological state at pre- and postintervention time points. Blood was collected and analyzed for C-re...
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: CLINICAL SCIENCES Source Type: research
Conclusions Higher cardiovascular endurance may mitigate the relationship between poorer subjective sleep quality and lower EC thickness. Future longitudinal studies should examine the interactive effects of sleep and fitness on brain health among older and more vulnerable populations.
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: APPLIED SCIENCES Source Type: research
Conclusion These findings demonstrate that T2D and HTN attenuate tolerance to uncompensable heat stress (32°C WBGT); however, these chronic diseases do not significantly impact thermal and cardiovascular strain, or the validity of ACIGH recommendations during moderate-intensity work.
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: APPLIED SCIENCES Source Type: research
We present a relatively large retrospective cohort of urinary LCNEC, 20 from the urinary bladder, and 2 from the ureter, from a single institution. The patients included 16 men and 6 women with a median age of 74.5 years. Most LCNEC presented at an advanced stage with tumors invading the muscularis propria and beyond (21/22). Eight cases were pure LCNEC, while 14 cases were mixed with other histologic types, including conventional urothelial carcinoma (n=9), carcinoma in situ (n=7), small cell carcinoma (n=6), and urothelial carcinoma with glandular (n=3) features. Most LCNEC expressed neuroendocrine markers synaptophysin ...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
In conclusion, awareness of the risk factors associated with IFIS, their detailed preoperative assessment and intraoperative measures and surgical intervention is crucial in addressing IFIS. Lack of awareness can turn a routine, uneventful surgery into one with significant visual morbidity.
Source: International Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
Tropical Storm Peter swirled to life Sunday as a tropical depression was on the verge of becoming another named system.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
September 19, 2021 (RARITAN, N.J.) – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson today announced preliminary results from the Phase 1b CHRYSALIS-2 (NCT04077463) study evaluating RYBREVANT® (amivantamab-vmjw) in combination with lazertinib in the treatment of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) characterized by epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletion or L858R mutations whose disease had progressed after treatment with osimertinib and platinum chemotherapy.[i] While previously reported results have demonstrated durable responses with RYBREVANT® in combination with ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
September 19, 2021 (RARITAN, N.J.) – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson today announced a new analysis from the CHRYSALIS (NCT02609776) study evaluating RYBREVANT® (amivantamab-vmjw) monotherapy and a combination regimen with lazertinib in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations who progressed after osimertinib.[1] The analysis showed higher activity and longer duration of response (DOR) in patients treated with the combination therapy, demonstrating the potential benefit of targeting the extracellular (outer) and cataly...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
A SMALL degree of cognitive decline is expected of stroke sufferers after an incident, but the disruption that COVID-19 has inflicted on health services has left thousands of stroke patients suffering severe complications, including disability. One modifiable lifestyle habit could hike the chances of succumbing to a stroke.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
In conclusion, inhibiting the lysosomal oxidation of LDL in atherosclerotic lesions by antioxidants targeted at lysosomes causes the regression of atherosclerosis and improves liver and muscle characteristics in mice and might be a promising novel therapy for atherosclerosis in patients. NANOG Expression versus Cellular Senescence https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2021/09/nanog-expression-versus-cellular-senescence/ Are there many strategies that can reverse cellular senescence? There are certainly strategies that can lower levels of cellular senescence over time, both in cell cultures and in living an...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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