Impact of infarct location and size on clinical outcome after ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention

For patients suffering from acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), it is controversial whether infarct location predicts worse clinical outcome independently of infarct size. We therefore aimed to investigate the prognostic relevance of infarct location in relation to infarct size in STEMI patients treated with contemporary primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research

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Background Diabetes mellitus predicts poorer outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but the magnitude of this association in patients at older ages remains controversial. Methods Data were extracted from the Codi Infart database. All consecutive patients with diagnosis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between 2010 and 2015 were included. We assessed the impact of diabetes mellitus on 30-day and one-year mortality in patients aged less than and at least 75 years. Results A total of 12 792 cases were registered, of whom...
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Myocardial Infarction/Cardiogenic Shock Source Type: research
Conclusion was associated a higher possibility of post-PCI acute kidney injury and did not seem to improve 30-day or 1-year clinical outcomes. Patients undergoing staged CR during the same hospitalization had better clinical outcomes.
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Myocardial Infarction/Cardiogenic Shock Source Type: research
We examined the proportions of use of TRA, the influence on in-hospital outcomes, and adjusted long-term effects. Results The rate of TRA rose from 15.9% in period 1 to 69.1% in period 2, including in specific situations such as acute coronary syndrome, chronic total occlusion, bifurcation, calcified lesions, and unprotected left main PCI. In-hospital rates of bleeding were lower for TRA versus transfemoral artery (1.8 vs. 5.1%, overall, P 
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Myocardial Infarction/Cardiogenic Shock Source Type: research
Background We hypothesized that the transition from bare-metal stents (BMS) to newer generation drug-eluting stents (n-DES) in clinical practice may have reduced the risk also in patients with kidney dysfunction. Methods: Observational study in the national SWEDEHEART registry, that compared the 1-year risk of in-stent restenosis (RS) and stent thrombosis (ST) in all percutaneous coronary intervention treated patients(n = 92 994) during 2007–2013. Results: N-DES patients were younger than BMS, but had more often diabetes, previous myocardial infarction, previous revascularization and were more often treated w...
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Myocardial Infarction/Cardiogenic Shock Source Type: research
Conclusion Compared with heparin plus GPI or bivalirudin plus GPI, bivalirudin monotherapy provides similar protection from ischemic events with less major bleeding at 30 days among patients with NSTE-ACS and positive biomarkers.
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Adjunctive Pharmacology Source Type: research
Background Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. According to the results of various studies, protein convertase subtilisin kexin type-9 (PCSK9) was determined as a novel risk factor for stable coronary artery disease. Few studies have investigated the relationship between PCSK9 levels and the severity of coronary artery disease in patients with acute coronary syndrome; thus, we herein aimed to investigate this relationship in patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) who underwent coronary angiography. Patients and methods Herein, 168 patients with NSTEMI were pro...
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Risk Factors Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research
Background and Purpose: According to previous studies, the mean platelet volume-to-lymphocyte ratio (MPVLR) represents a novel marker of a poor short-term prognosis in patients with a myocardial infarction who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention. We aimed to evaluate the association between MPVLR and clinical outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke who were treated with intravenous thrombolysis.Methods: Two hundred forty-one patients with ischemic stroke receiving intravenous thrombolysis were prospectively enrolled in this study. Blood samples for MPVLR were obtained at admission and at 18–2...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsA positive effect of the Mediterranean diet, and fruit and vegetable intake was observed on hsCRP and the occurrence of effective myocardial reperfusion. These findings confirm the favorable impact of Mediterranean diet adherence not only in primary but also in secondary prevention.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
ConclusionsSpontaneous reperfusion prior to pPCI in STEMI was associated with a lower risk of adverse clinical events. These exploratory data from a targeted discovery proteomics platform identifies novel proteins across diverse, yet complementary, pathobiological axes that show promise in providing mechanistic insights into spontaneous reperfusion in STEMI.Condensed abstractSpontaneous reperfusion has been established with improved STEMI outcomes, yet its pathobiology is unclear and appears to involve diverse physiological processes. Using a 91-biomarker high-throughput proteomics platform, we studied 683 STEMI patients i...
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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