Scaffold-based tissue engineering approaches in treating infertility

Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Yalda Jahanbani, Soudabe Davaran, Maryam Ghahremani-Nasab, Leili Aghebati-Maleki, Mehdi YousefiAbstractTissue engineering and the use of scaffolds have shown high therapeutic potentialities about male and female infertility. Nowadays, many couples are suffering from infertility problems. There are different causes for infertility including chemotherapy (for male and female), uterine injuries, and intrauterine adhesions. Extra-cellular matrix in tissue engineering provides a supportive medium for blood or lymphatic vessels making it a suitable substrate for cell implantation and growth. Dominant successes in this branch have been in use of patient-derived primary cells, these cells loaded in scaffolds and used to generate tissue for re-implantation. However, this method has limitations, because of the invasive nature of cell collection, also the cells patient-derived may be not healthy and become the source of disease. Therefore, use of stem cells, including embryonic stem (ES) cells, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) have been considered. Cell/scaffold systems have a substantial role in fertility organs or agents repair or regeneration. This review summarizes the novel scaffold-based tissue engineering approaches to treat infertility.Graphical abstractUse of scaffold/mesenchymal stem cells system for male and female infertil...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research

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