The long-term outcomes of a cohort of adolescents and adults from Greece with autism spectrum disorder

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder. Although it is a lifelong condition, treatments and services can improve a person ’s symptoms and ability to function. Research on the outcomes i...
Source: Annals of General Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Primary research Source Type: research

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AbstractMajor psychiatric traits are genetically inter-correlated with one another, but it not well known which genes play pleiotropic effects across different traits. We curated and compared genes identified from large-scale genome-wide association studies for seven psychiatric traits, including depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, anxiety and neuroticism. We then explored biological functions of the top pleiotropic genes. A total of 243 cross-trait genes were identified for the seven traits. Except for autism spectrum disorder, there was signific...
Source: Human Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): Alexandra Ramirez-Celis, Elizabeth Edmiston, Joseph Schauer, Tam Vu, Judy Van de WaterAbstractAutism spectrum disorder (ASD) is an important health issue and affects 1 in 59 children in the US. Prior studies determined that maternal autoantibody related (MAR) autism is thought to be associated with ∼23% of ASD cases. We previously identified seven MAR-specific autoantigens including CRMP1, CRMP2, GDA, LDHA, LDHB, STIP1, and YBX1. We subsequently described the epitope peptide sequences recognized by maternal autoantibodies ...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: NeuronAuthor(s): Sehyoun Yoon, Euan Parnell, Maria Kasherman, Marc P. Forrest, Kristoffer Myczek, Susitha Premarathne, Michelle C. Sanchez Vega, Michael Piper, Thomas H.J. Burne, Lachlan A. Jolly, Stephen A. Wood, Peter PenzesSummaryVariants in the ANK3 gene encoding ankyrin-G are associated with neurodevelopmental disorders, including intellectual disability, autism, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. However, no upstream regulators of ankyrin-G at synapses are known. Here, we show that ankyrin-G interacts with Usp9X, a neurodevelopmental-disorder-assoc...
Source: Neuron - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
We examined whole-brain brain functional correlations (FC) and behavioral regulation through connectome predictive modelling (CPM). CPM is a data-driven protocol for developing predictive models of brain–behavior relationships and assessing their potential as ‘neuromarkers’ using cross-validation. The data stems from the ABIDE II and comprises 276 children with and without ASD (8-13 years).We identified networks whose FC predicted individual differences in behavioral regulation. These network models predicted novel individuals’ inhibition and shifting from FC data in both a leave-one-out, and split ...
Source: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to compare the reported frequency of physical activity and covariates in a large sample of children with ASD with children of similar age from the general population. The sample with ASD was derived from the Autism Treatment Network Registry Call Back Assessment (n = 611), and the general population data were derived from the National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) (n = 71,811). In addition, demographic, child, and family (parent) factors were examined in relation to frequency of recent physical activity in children with ASD. Among males in the 6−11 year-old age group, those ...
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Washington P, Paskov KM, Kalantarian H, Stockham N, Voss C, Kline A, Patnaik R, Chrisman B, Varma M, Tariq Q, Dunlap K, Schwartz J, Haber N, Wall DP Abstract Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neuropsychiatric condition with a highly heterogeneous phenotype. Following the work of Duda et al., which uses a reduced feature set from the Social Responsiveness Scale, Second Edition (SRS) to distinguish ASD from ADHD, we performed item-level question selection on answers to the SRS to determine whether ASD can be distinguished from non-ASD using a similarly small subset of questions. To explore feature ...
Source: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing - Category: Bioinformatics Tags: Pac Symp Biocomput Source Type: research
(University of Maryland School of Medicine) The University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM), University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC), and the Tuberous Sclerosis Alliance (TS Alliance) have joined together to launch first-of-a-kind centers in Maryland to treat adults with neurodevelopmental disabilities, such as autism.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Abstract Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) has been suggested to increase prosocial behavior in children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Out of all the animals used in AAT, dogs have been found to be the most utilized and accessible. This systematic review examines the current state of literatur e on canine-assisted therapy (CAT) for children with ASD based on peer-reviewed articles. Five studies met inclusion and exclusion criteria. All articles found that presence of a therapy dog was correlated with increased frequency and duration of social behavior both throughout treatment and, in the case of one stud...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
Source: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment Source Type: research
Conclusions and implicationsAdjustments are needed to the custody process and environment to support interactions between autistic individuals and officers and improve the overall wellbeing of autistic individuals.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
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